I strongly support the designation of intraoral scans taken to provide any dental appliance or treatment as a dental procedure, specifically a "final impression" designated by the Virginia State Board of Dentistry. Additionally, I also agree that the face-to-face doctor/patient relationship standard should continue to be enforced to ensure that the public is adequately examined and informed before undergoing any dental procedure.
I completely agree with the concerns for patient's well being. As a minimum, it should be established that "a dental scan to make a dental appliance is a dental procedure" as was established in Georgia. This already has precedent and is an obvious statement that needs to be established in VA.
The treatment rendered by the companies with this new aligner modality will put patients at risk more than 50% of the time because the most common patient seeking this treatment has deep bites with more lower crowding than upper. This will lead to the anterior dentition proclining and premature anterior contact. The deep bites are very difficult to correct without monitoring. This will lead to fremitus, anterior wear and potential periodontal concerns.
Having no patient doctor interaction is asking for problems and may put the board at risk. Why didn't the board protect these patients when they knew what was going on? This is a serious ethical consideration for the board to consider.
support of petition to make digital scans same as final impressions
I agree that a digital intraoral scan used to make a dental appliance should be deemed the same as a final impression and require direct doctor supervision. Additionally a doctor patient relationship should be established, prior to scanning, with a face to face meeting of the treating doctor and patient and should include a through health history, examination and diagnosis including all necessary diagnostic records required to treat to stand of care. This is the only way that patients health and safety can be adequately protected and all viable treatment options discussed so proper informed consent can be obtained. Direct to consumer (DTC) companies are delegating the health history, examination and diagnosis to salespersons who are not adequately trained and not licensed to obtain informed consent. This presents a serious risk to the public and it is the Board Dentistry's job to protect the health and welfare of the citizens of Virginia.
i support this change. i agree with Dr Sabol's points on the need for a doctor patient relationship including a full dental exam before prescribing this procedure
Strongly Agree - "digital impression file," equivalent to the analog "final impression"
Statutory Authority: § 54.1-2400 and Chapter 27 of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia. § 54.1-2711. Practice of dentistry.
- iv) extracts teeth, corrects malpositions of the teeth or jaws, takes impressions for the fabrication of appliances or dental prosthesis, supplies or repairs artificial teeth as substitutes for natural teeth, or places in the mouth and adjusts such substitutes.”
Doctor/patient relationship and use of digital scans-strongly agree with Petition
The AAO strongly agrees with the Petition in that the AAO believes a digital scan is the practice of dentistry and that TREATMENT should not occur before a physical, in-person examination/evaluation of the patient has occurred by a Virginia licensed dentist. To begin with, Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2711(iv) clearly provides that “Any person shall be deemed to be practicing dentistry who . . . (iv) . . . takes impressions for the fabrication of appliances or dental prosthesis, supplies or repairs artificial teeth as substitutes for natural teeth, or places in the mouth and adjusts such substitutes.” The AAO believes that the term “impressions” under Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2711(iv) already applies to “digital scans,” since the AAO views a “digital scan” as a “digital impression,” especially when used for the fabrication of appliances. Nevertheless, an amendment would only further support and clarify this point. The AAO also sees the importance of establishing a doctor/patient relationship via a face-to-face encounter because there are certain diagnoses and evaluations that can only be performed in-person or are best performed in-person (x-rays, etc.). There are a number of categories of problems/conditions that a dentist usually looks for as part of a physical examination at the outset of traditional in-person treatment. These include conditions or problems that can be quite serious, such as oral cancer, periodontal problems, advanced decay, gum disease, etc. If an in-person examination of the patient by a dentist does not occur, there may be no examination of the patient by a dentist to detect such problems. With that in mind, the AAO believes dental and orthodontic treatment should not occur before a physical, in-person examination/evaluation of the patient has occurred by a Virginia licensed dentist in order to establish the doctor/patient relationship. Moreover, and as stated in the Court’s Memorandum Opinion in , Case No. 2:18-cv-01679-RDP (N.D. Ga.):
“Defendants and their https://www1.aaoinfo.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/memorandum-order-MTD.pdf (p. 41). have identified several legitimate goals for requiring the physical presence of a licensed dentist at facilities where [a digital intra-oral scanner] is used. Using [a digital intra-oral scanner] to make digital images of teeth is an intraoral procedure that involves inserting the device into patients’ mouths. Hypothetical legitimate goals for requiring a dentist’s physical presence at facilities where [a digital intra-oral scanner] is used include: (1) ensuring proper sterilization procedures are followed to prevent the spread of illness; (2) ensuring that a skilled, trained dentist is available in the event of a sudden medical emergency caused by the [digital intra-oral scanner] inadvertently dislodging a patient’s crown; (3) ensuring that a licensed dentist has the opportunity to diagnose preexisting conditions that contraindicate the use of clear aligner therapy in the first place, such as gum disease; and (4) ensuring that a dentist can verify in real time that the [digital intra-oral scanner] is accurately capturing a patient’s oral cavity, to avoid having the procedure repeated and to prevent patients from receiving clear aligners that were fabricated based on inaccurate images. All of these purposes are legitimate state interests that justify the Board’s regulation. Moreover, a rational basis undoubtedly exists for believing that the regulation would further those hypothesized purposes. Rational arguments exist that requiring a licensed dentist to be physically present at facilities where [a digital intra-oral scanner] is used would advance each of the interests identified above. . . . .” See
Given the foregoing, the AAO is hopeful that the Virginia Board of Dentistry will promulgate rules that only further support and clarify that an “impression” includes “digital scans” and that dental and orthodontic treatment should not occur before a physical, in-person examination/evaluation of the patient has occurred by a Virginia licensed dentist in order to establish the doctor/patient relationship. We appreciate your consideration of these comments.
This amendment as worded is a significant step backward for patient education and access to care. It creates artificial barriers which prevent doctors from being able to use digital simulation software to educate patients on the possibilities for their care.
A clinical exam and clinical radiographs are important to high quality patient care, but it should not be mandated that these pre-empt the collection of digital images in the form of an intra-oral scan. Rather they are important prior to the start of active portion treatment. This amendment establishes a rigid order that makes little sense.
Furthermore, the timing and context of this amendment create a high likelihood of this amendment being ruled as anti-competitive in nature towards DTC aligner companies such as smile direct club down the road and being thrown out on such grounds down the road.
I support the petition
Whether it is taking a physical impression or a digital one, if the goal is to make a physical appliance that will be inserted in the patient's mouth, there should be an in-person exam of the patient by a certified dentist. There should not be a lowering of the standard of care just because digital technology is used.
I agree that dental impressions and digital scanning should be done under the supervision of a Virginia Licensed dentist.
Digital Scans are final impressions
I am in agreement with the petition that digital scans are the equivalent of final impressions. Virginia Regulations specify that final impressions are only able to be delegated to a Dental Assistant II under the direct supervision of a licensed dentist. If appliances that will be used by a patient are made from the scans that are obtained, then a dentist must be present when they are captured.
Requirements for Doctor/Patient relationship and use of digital scans
I strongly agree with the importance of a "hands on" clinical examination by a licensed dental professional for all patients seeking dental treatment. The information gathered in a thorough examination is paramount to making good treatment decisions and avoiding deleterious ones.
Dentistry/Orthodontics is a treatment not a commodity and needs to regulated for the safety of the public and patients.
Strongly in Favor
I am strongly in favor of this new law. I have known people that have been hurt by DIY treatment and never saw a dentist.
I strongly agree with and support this amendment..
Digital Impressions are final impressions!
There is no question that a digital scan or impression, when used for fabrication of an oral appliance designed to move teeth and change occlusion, represents a "final impression" which by VA law must be taken under direct supervision of a dentist by qualified personnel. The problem here is that the dental practice act in Virginia has not been updated to include use of new technology in this manner. Furthermore, the model suggested for tooth movement does not establish the proper doctor-patient relationship to provide safe care to the public.
It is widely accepted that digital scans represent the same as a final impression in the practice of dentistry. Failure to have a licensed dentist as part of this process would in my mind constitute practicing without a license. I strongly agree that a relationship with a licensed dentist who is part of this treatment process should be required.
Strongly Agree with Petition
I strongly support the petition requesting that the BOD consider digital files made from intra-oral scans of teeth on a live patient, or an optical scan of patient dental cast used to fabricate an appliance inserted into a patient's mouth to be defined equivalent to the analog definition of a final impression as stated under the guidance of the regulations governing dentistry in our Commonwealth 18VAC60-21-150.
Update to regulation needed!
There are many prosthodontic literature articles on the accuracy of digital impressions and the workflow to eliminate taking a final impression to create a master model. The digital scans are accurate enough now to be used to fabricate dentures, fixed implant appliances, crowns, bridges and even orthoodontic aligners. There is no reason a digital impression/file taken on a live patient with an optical scanner should not be consider a final impression! Every modern lab in the state uses a digital scanner to scan a patient's dental cast to fabricate a custom milled crown if they do not get the final digital scan emailed to them. 18VAC60-21-150 should be updated as requested on this petition.
I strongly agree that a digital scan is the equivalent to an (analog) final impression - when being used to fabricate an intra-oral appliance. A face to face encounter/evaluation with a dentist licensed in the state of Virginia should be required when using these scans to fabricate appliances. A comprehensive workup, both radiographically and clinically, has always been the standard of care before prescribing any intra-oral appliance to intercept potential complications associated with treatment (periodontal issues, caries, etc). I believe that failing to have a proper face-to-face evaluation when using digital scans to fabricate intra-oral appliances is performing below the standard of care, is not in the best interest of the patient, and is not providing the patient with the comprehensive care that our profession has pledged to provide them.
There is no question that the use of a digital scanner, rather than impression material, to translate information to a dental laboratory for the purpose of fabricating an oral appliance constitutes a "final impression." Any tool, whether it be impression material or digital images, when used to fabricate materials that can permanently alter or potentially harm another human being should require the oversight of a qualified dental professional.
Digital Scans are equal to analogue impressions
Digital scans are exactly the same as analogue impressions. Dentists and dentists only should be taking final impressions whether digital or analogue.
I strongly agree,
Agree that final impression should include digital scans
I support this petition as a means to protect the pubic from harmful, unsupervised treatment.
This new law should help prevent DIY medical/dental companies from harming our citizens with unsupervised treatments.
Digital impressions are final impressions.
I Strongly agree
Digital Impressions are equivalent to final impressions
A digital impression made with an intra-oral scanner of teeth on a live patient is equivalent to a final analog impression previously defined by the BOD. Therefore, the definition of "final impression" should be updated in order to regulate that only dentists with a valid license are making these final impression, in both analog form and intra-oral scanner digital file form.
Digital Impressions should be considered the same as final impressions
I strongly support the amendment that a digital scan is the equivalent of a final impression and to specify that a patient/doctor relationship should be established in a face-to-face encounter. Many times patients are referred to periodontists for treatment prior to or during orthodontic care, or may be monitored closely throughout treatment by the orthodontist and general dentist if a future referral may be suspected. Unsupervised treatment can lead to potential harm and irreversible damage which would result in early tooth loss for the patient.
I am in agreement with the AAO whom strongly agrees with the Petition that a digital scan is the practice of dentistry. Prior to treatment, as in any medical field, a thorough examination is needed in order to evaluate the oral health of the patient to see if the proposed treatment should even be a consideration. Informed consent should occur after the patient is aware of their dental health through examination prior to any treatment realizing the limitations or risks possible from their individualized treatment plan by a licensed Virginia dentist.
To begin with, Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2711(iv) clearly provides that “Any person shall be deemed to be practicing dentistry who takes impressions for the fabrication of appliances or dental prosthesis, supplies or repairs artificial teeth as substitutes for natural teeth, or places in the mouth and adjusts such substitutes.” I believe that the term “impressions” under Va. Code Ann. § 54.1-2711(iv) already applies to “digital scans,” since the a “digital scan” and/or “digital impression,” especially when used for the fabrication of appliances. Nevertheless, an amendment would only further support and clarify this point. I also see the importance of establishing a doctor/patient relationship via a face-to-face encounter because there are certain diagnoses and evaluations that can only be performed in-person or are best performed in-person (x-rays, etc.). There are a number of categories of problems/conditions that a dentist usually looks for as part of a physical examination at the outset of traditional in-person treatment. These include conditions or problems that can be quite serious, such as oral cancer, periodontal problems, advanced decay, gum disease, etc. If an in-person examination of the patient by a dentist does not occur, there may be no examination of the patient by a dentist to detect such problems. With that in mind, the AAO believes dental and orthodontic treatment should not occur before a physical, in-person examination/evaluation of the patient has occurred by a Virginia licensed dentist in order to establish the doctor/patient relationship. Moreover, and as stated in the Court’s Memorandum Opinion in Blaine Leeds and SmileDirectClub v. Board of Dental Examiners of Alabama.
I strongly agree.
I strongly agree that a digital scan is the equivalent to an (analog) final impression and should be done under the direct supervision of a dentist after an in-person, face-to-face encounter with the patient.
I support the petition as in today's dental technology digital scans are equivalent of final impressions as appliances can be made using these scans. Impressions used in fabrication of final appliances need to be taken by the Auxilary dental staff under the direct supervision of a dentist.
Strongly agrree with expanding definition final impression to include digital scanning
Agree i am agree with you. mesothelioma attorneys us navy veteran
Strongly support. Needed to protect patients from unregulated procedures
Digital Impressions should be equilavent to current final impressions
In the interest of providing the best care for our patients, it is necessary that digital impressions be considered equivalent to the current Final impression definition in the Virginia state dental practice act. Bypassing this will allow procedures to be completed but at what cost? The cost will be a lack of diagnostic information resulting in less then adequate results and missed diagnoses while the patients believe that because it is legal the care they are getting is equivalent to what they are now receiving. This will open the door to procedure based essentially unsupervised dentistry, setting our profession back many years. As of the regulatory body in charge of dentistry for the State of Virginia hi feel it is on incumbent upon you to protect the citizens of the Commonwealth.
Strongly support his suggestion!
strongly agree that digital impressions should be considered equivalent to final impressions!!
Agree to this amendment
I strongly agree that digital scans are the equivalent of final impressions. For the protection and safety of the public, digital scans used for the fabrication of appliances should only be taken under the direct supervision of a licensed dentist and after the patient/doctor relationship has been established.
I strongly agree that a digital image is the equivalent of a final working traditional impression.
Support to better define Teledentistry
I agree with the petition. This will prevent uniformed "patients" from injuring themselves doing do it yourself dentistry at home with poor or no supervision.
I agree that digital impressions are equivalent to traditional analog impressions and can be used as such only after a direct face to face doctor to patient relationship has been established. Furthermore, these impressions should be verified by a licenses on site dentist after the impression is taken.
If no radiographs taken there is too much risk