The words and terms used in this chapter shall have the meanings defined in the State Water Control Law Chapter 3.1 (§ 62.1-44.2 et seq.) of Title 62.1 of the Code of Virginia and the Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) Permit Regulation (9VAC25-31) unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Additionally, for the purposes of this chapter:
"Best management practices" or "BMPs"
means schedules of activities, practices (and prohibitions of practices),
structures, vegetation, maintenance procedures, and other management practices
to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants to surface waters. BMPs also
include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control
plant site [
run-off runoff ], spillage or leaks,
sludge or waste disposal, or drainage from raw material storage.
"Colocated facility" means an industrial activity
other than mineral mining operating on a site where the primary industrial
activity is mineral mining. Such an activity must have wastewater
characteristics similar to those of the mineral mine and be located within the
permitted mining area. The term refers to activities that are commonly found at
mining sites such as manufacturing of ready-mix concrete (SIC Code
3273, NAICS Code 327320), concrete products (SIC Codes 3271 and 3272)
3271 and 3272, NAICS Codes 327331, 327332, and 327390), and asphalt
paving materials (SIC Code 2951) 2951, NAICS Code 324121) except
asphalt emulsion manufacturing. It does not mean industrial activity that is
specifically excluded from this permit.
"Control measure" means any best management practice or other method (including effluent limitations) used to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants to surface waters.
"Department" or "DEQ" means the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.
[ "Inactive mining operations" means mining sites that are not being actively mined, but which have an identifiable owner or operator; inactive mining sites do not include sites where mining claims are being maintained prior to disturbances associated with the extraction, beneficiation, or processing of mined materials, nor sites where minimal activities are undertaken for the sole purpose of maintaining a mining claim. ]
"Industrial activity" means activity associated with mineral mining facilities generally identified by SIC Major Group 14 including active or inactive mining operations that discharge stormwater that has come into contact with any overburden, raw material, intermediate products, finished products, by-products or waste products located on the site of such operations. This includes activity at facilities or those portions of a facility where the primary purpose is classified as:
1. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Code 212311 - Dimension Stone Mining and Quarrying, and Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code 1411 - Dimension Stone;
2. NAICS Code 212312 - Crushed and Broken Limestone Mining and Quarrying, and SIC Code 1422 Crushed and Broken Limestone;
3. NAICS Code 212313 - Crushed and Broken Granite Mining and Quarrying, and SIC Code 1423 -Crushed and Broken Granite;
4. NAICS Code 212319 - Crushed and Broken Stone not elsewhere classified (NEC), and SIC Code 1429 Crushed and Broken Stone NEC;
5. NAICS Code 212321 - Construction Sand and Gravel, and SIC Code 1442 - Construction Sand and Gravel;
6. NAICS Code 212324 - Kaolin and Ball Clay Mining, and SIC Code 1455 - Kaolin and Ball Clay;
7. NAICS Code 212325 - Clay and Ceramic and Refractory Minerals Mining, and SIC Code 1459 -Clay and Related Minerals, NEC (excluding for purposes of both NAICS and SIC bentonite and magnesite mines);
8. NAICS Code 212392 - Phosphate Rock Mining, and SIC Code 1475 - Phosphate Rock; and
9. NAICS Codes 212399 - All Other Nonmetallic Mineral Mining, and SIC Code 1499 - Miscellaneous Nonmetallic Minerals, except fuels (excluding for purposes of both NAICS and SIC gypsum, graphite, asbestos, diatomite, jade, novaculite, wollastonite, Tripoli, or asphaltic mineral mines).
(Inactive mining operations are mining sites that
are not being actively mined, but which have an identifiable ] owner/operator
[ owner or operator; inactive mining sites do not include sites
where mining claims are being maintained prior to disturbances associated with
the extraction, beneficiation, or processing of mined materials, nor sites
where minimal activities are undertaken for the sole purpose of maintaining a
mining claim.) ] Industrial activity also includes facilities
classified under other SIC codes that may be colocated within the mineral mine
permit area, unless they are expressly excluded by this general permit.
"Minimize" means reduce or eliminate to the extent achievable using control measures, including best management practices, that are technologically available and economically practicable and achievable in light of best industry practice.
"Municipal separate storm sewer system" or "MS4" means a conveyance or system of conveyances, including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, man-made channels, or storm drains (i) owned or operated by a state, city, town, county, district, association, or other public body (created by or pursuant to state law) having jurisdiction over disposal of sewage, industrial wastes, stormwater, or other wastes, including special districts under state law such as a sewer district, flood control district or drainage district, or similar entity, or an Indian tribe or an authorized Indian tribal organization, or a designated and approved management agency under § 208 of the Clean Water Act that discharges to surface waters of the state; (ii) designed or used for collecting or conveying stormwater; (iii) that is not a combined sewer; and (iv) that is not part of a publicly owned treatment works (POTW).
"NAICS" means North American Industry Classification System, U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2017.
"Permittee" means the owner of a nonmetallic mineral mine covered under this general permit.
"Process wastewater" means any wastewater used in the slurry transport of mined material, air emissions control, or processing exclusive of mining, and any other water that becomes commingled with such wastewater in a pit, pond, lagoon, mine, or other facility used for treatment of such wastewater. It includes mine pit dewatering, water used in the process of washing stone, noncontact cooling water, wastewater from vehicle or equipment degreasing activities, vehicle washing and return water from operations where mined material is dredged and miscellaneous plant cleanup wastewaters.
Run-off Runoff ]
coefficient" means the fraction of total rainfall that will appear at the
conveyance as [ run-off runoff ].
"SIC" means the Standard Industrial Classification Code or Industrial Grouping from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987 Edition.
"Significant materials" includes
, but is not
limited to, raw materials; fuels; materials such as solvents, detergents,
and plastic pellets; finished materials; hazardous substances designated under
[ Section § ] 101(14) of the Comprehensive
Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (42 USC
§ 9601 et seq.); any chemical the owner is required to report pursuant to
[ Section § ] 313 of the Emergency Planning and
Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) (42 USC § 11001 et seq.); fertilizers;
pesticides; and waste products such as ashes, slag and sludge (including pond
sediments) that have the potential to be released with stormwater discharges.
"Significant spills" includes
, but is not limited
to, releases of oil or hazardous substances in excess of reportable
quantities under § 311 of the Clean Water Act (see 40 CFR 110.10 and 40
CFR 117.21) or § 102 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (42 USC § 9601 et seq.) (see
40 CFR 302.4).
"Stormwater" means stormwater [
run-off runoff ],
snow melt [ run-off runoff ], and surface [ run-off
runoff ] and drainage.
"Stormwater discharge associated with industrial
activity" means the discharge from any conveyance that is used for
collecting and conveying stormwater and that is directly related to
manufacturing, processing or raw materials storage areas at an industrial
plant. The term does not include discharges from facilities or activities
excluded from the VPDES program under 9VAC25-31. For the categories of
industries identified in the "industrial activity" definition, the
, but is not limited to, stormwater discharges from
industrial plant yards; immediate access roads and rail lines used or traveled
by carriers of raw materials, manufactured products, waste material, or
by-products used or created by the mineral mine; material handling sites;
refuse sites; sites used for the application or disposal of process
wastewaters; sites used for the storage and maintenance of material handling
equipment; sites used for residual treatment, storage, or disposal; shipping
and receiving areas; manufacturing buildings; storage areas (including tank
farms) for raw materials, and intermediate and finished products; and areas
where industrial activity has taken place in the past and significant materials
remain and are exposed to stormwater. For the purposes of this paragraph,
material handling activities include the storage, loading and unloading,
transportation, or conveyance of any raw material, intermediate product,
finished product, by-product or waste product. The term excludes areas located
on plant lands separate from the plant's industrial activities, such as office
buildings and accompanying parking lots as long as the drainage from the
excluded areas is not mixed with stormwater drained from the above described
[ "Temporarily inactive mineral mining facility" means a site or portion of a site where nonmetallic mineral mining or milling occurred in the past but currently is not being actively undertaken, and the facility is covered by an active mining permit issued by the applicable state or federal agency. ]
"Total maximum daily load" or "TMDL" means a calculation of the maximum amount of a pollutant that a waterbody can receive and still meet water quality standards and an allocation of that amount to the pollutant's sources. A TMDL includes wasteload allocations (WLAs) for point source discharges, and load allocations (LAs) for nonpoint sources or natural background or both, and must include a margin of safety (MOS) and account for seasonal variations.
"Twenty-five-year, 24-hour storm event" means the maximum 24-hour precipitation event with a probable recurrence interval of once in 25 years as established by the National Weather Service or appropriate regional or state rainfall probability information.
"Vehicle or equipment degreasing" means the
washing or steam cleaning of engines of a vehicle or piece of equipment and
other drive components in which the purpose is to clean and degrease and clean
petroleum products from the equipment for maintenance. Washing the vehicle
exterior for the purpose of removing sediment is not considered vehicle or
"Virginia Environmental Excellence Program" or "VEEP" means a voluntary program established by the department to provide public recognition and regulatory incentives to encourage higher levels of environmental performance for program participants that develop and implement environmental management systems (EMSs). The program is based on the use of EMSs that improve compliance, prevent pollution, and utilize other measures to improve environmental performance.
9VAC25-190-15. Applicability of incorporated references based on the dates that they became effective.
Except as noted, when a regulation of the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency set forth in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is
referenced or adopted
herein in this chapter and incorporated by
reference that regulation shall be as it exists and has been published as of
July 1, 2013 2018.
9VAC25-190-20. Purpose; delegation of authority; effective date of permit.
A. The purpose of this chapter is to establish General Permit
Number VAG84 to regulate wastewater
discharge and stormwater
discharges to surface waters from nonmetallic mineral mines as follows:
1. For active and inactive nonmetallic mineral mining facilities in SIC Major Group 14, this general permit covers discharges composed entirely of stormwater associated with industrial activity.
2. This general permit authorizes the discharge of process wastewater as well as stormwater associated with industrial activity from active and inactive mineral mines classified under:
Codes Code 1411 - NAICS Code
b. SIC Code 1422 - NAICS Code [
c. SIC Code 1423 - NAICS Code 212313,
d. SIC Code 1429 - NAICS Code 212319,
e. SIC Code 1442 - NAICS Code [
f. SIC Code 1455 - NAICS Code 212324,
g. SIC Code 1459 - NAICS Code 212325, excluding bentonite and magnesite mines,
h. SIC Code 1475 - NACIS Code 212392, and
i. SIC Code 1499 - NAICS Code 212399, excluding gypsum, graphite, asbestos, diatomite, jade, novaculite, wollastonite, tripoli or asphaltic mineral mines.
3. Coal mining, metal mining, and oil and gas extraction are not covered by this general permit.
B. The director, or an authorized representative, may perform any act of the board provided under this chapter, except as limited by § 62.1-44.14 of the Code of Virginia.
C. This general permit will become effective on July 1,
2019, and will expire June 30, 2019 2024. For any covered
owner, this general permit is effective upon compliance with all the provisions
of 9VAC25-190-50 and the receipt of this general permit.
9VAC25-190-50. Authorization to discharge.
A. Any owner governed by this general permit is authorized to discharge process wastewater and stormwater as described in 9VAC25-190-20 A 1 and 2 to surface waters of the Commonwealth of Virginia provided that:
1. The owner submits a registration statement in accordance with 9VAC25-190-60, and that registration statement is accepted by the board;
2. The owner submits the required permit fee;
3. The owner complies with the applicable effluent limitations and other requirements of 9VAC25-190-70;
4. The owner has and maintains during such authorization a mineral mining permit for the operation to be covered by this general permit that has been approved by the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy, Division of Mineral Mining (or an associated waivered program, locality, or state agency) under provisions and requirements of Title 45.1 of the Code of Virginia. Mineral mines located in bordering states with discharges in Virginia shall provide documentation that they have a mining permit from the appropriate state authority. Mineral mines owned and operated by governmental bodies not subject to the provisions and requirements of Title 45.1 of the Code of Virginia are exempt from this requirement; and
5. The board has not notified the owner that the discharge is not eligible for coverage in accordance with subsection B of this section.
B. The board will notify an owner that the discharge is not eligible for coverage under this general permit in the event of any of the following:
1. The owner is required to obtain an individual permit in accordance with 9VAC25-31-170 B 3 of the VPDES Permit Regulation;
2. The owner is proposing to discharge to state waters specifically named in other board regulations that prohibit such discharges;
3. The discharge violates or would violate the antidegradation policy in the water quality standards at 9VAC25-260-30; or
4. The discharge is not consistent with the assumptions and requirements of an approved TMDL.
C. Compliance with this general permit constitutes compliance for purposes of enforcement with §§ 301, 302, 306, 307, 318, 403, and 405(b) of the federal Clean Water Act and the State Water Control Law, with the exceptions stated in 9VAC25-31-60 of the VPDES Permit Regulation. Approval for coverage under this general permit does not relieve any owner of the responsibility to comply with any other applicable federal, state, or local statute, ordinance, or regulation.
D. Continuation of permit coverage.
Any owner that was authorized to discharge under the
nonmetallic mineral mining general permit issued in 2009 and that submits a
complete registration statement before July 1, 2014, is authorized to continue
to discharge under the terms of the 2009 general permit Permit coverage
shall expire at the end of the applicable permit term. However, expiring permit
coverages are automatically continued if the owner has submitted a complete
registration statement at least 60 days prior to the expiration date of the
permit, or a later submittal date established by the board, which cannot extend
beyond the expiration date of the permit. The permittee is authorized to
continue to discharge until such time as the board either:
a. Issues coverage to the owner under this general permit; or
b. Notifies the owner that the discharge is not eligible for coverage under this general permit.
2. When the owner that was covered under the expiring or expired general permit has violated or is violating the conditions of that permit, the board may choose to do any or all of the following:
a. Initiate enforcement action based upon
the 2009 the general permit coverage that has been continued;
b. Issue a notice of intent to deny coverage under the
reissued general permit. If the general permit coverage is denied, the owner
would then be required to cease the discharges authorized by the continued
under the 2009 continued general permit or be subject to
enforcement action for discharging without a permit;
c. Issue an individual permit with appropriate conditions; or
d. Take other actions authorized by the VPDES Permit Regulation (9VAC25-31).
9VAC25-190-60. Registration statement.
The Any owner seeking coverage under this
general permit shall submit a complete VPDES general permit registration
statement in accordance with this section, which shall serve as a notice of
intent for coverage under the VPDES general VPDES permit for
nonmetallic mineral mining facilities.
1. New facilities. Any owner proposing a discharge shall submit
a complete registration statement at least
45 60 days prior to
the date planned for commencement of the discharge or a later submittal date
established by the board.
2. Existing facilities.
a. Any owner covered by an VPDES individual
permit that is proposing to be covered by this general permit shall submit a
complete registration statement at least 210 240 days prior to
the expiration date of the individual VPDES permit.
b. Any owner that was authorized to discharge under the expiring
VPDES general permit for nonmetallic mineral mining
that became effective on
July 1, 2009, and that intends to continue coverage under this general
permit shall submit a complete registration statement to the board on or
before April 1, 2014 at least 60 days prior to the expiration of the
existing permit or a later submittal date established by the board.
B. Late registration statements. Registration statements for
existing facilities covered under subdivision A 2 b of this section will be
June 30, 2014 the expiration date of this permit,
but authorization to discharge will not be retroactive. Owners described in
subdivision A 2 b of this section that submit registration statements after
April 1, 2014, are authorized to discharge under the provisions of
9VAC25-190-50 D if a complete registration statement is submitted before July
C. The required registration statement shall contain the following information:
1. Facility owner and operator or other contact name, address, email address, and telephone number;
2. Facility name, county, [ and ] location
, latitude, and longitude ];
3. Description of mining activity;
4. Primary and secondary SIC codes;
5. Discharge information including:
a. A list of outfalls identified by outfall numbers;
b. Characterization of the type of each listed outfall's discharge as either process wastewater, stormwater, or process wastewater commingled with stormwater;
c. Characterization of the source of each listed outfall's
discharge as either mine pit dewatering, stormwater associated with industrial
activity (see definition in 9VAC25-190-10), stormwater not associated with
ground water groundwater infiltration,
wastewater from vehicle or equipment degreasing activities, vehicle washing and
return water from operations where mined material is dredged, mined material
washing, noncontact cooling water, miscellaneous plant cleanup wastewater,
colocated facility discharges (identify the colocated facility), other
discharges not listed here (describe), or any combination of the above;
d. The receiving stream, including wetlands for each outfall listed;
e. The latitude and longitude for each outfall listed; and
f. Indicate which stormwater outfalls will be representative outfalls that require a single discharge monitoring report (DMR). For stormwater outfalls that are to be represented by other outfall discharges, provide a description of the activities associated with those outfalls and explain why they are substantially the same as the representative outfall to be sampled;
6. Indicate if the facility has a current VPDES permit and the permit number if it does;
7. Description of wastewater treatment
reuse or recycle systems, or both;
8. List of any treatment chemicals added to
wastewater or stormwater that could be discharged. Include safety
data sheets [ and, ] the maximum proposed
dosing rates [ , and a demonstration that application or use will
not result in aquatic toxicity ];
9. List of colocated facilities;
10. Indicate if the facility is a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility;
11. Schematic drawing showing water flow from source to water-using industrial operations to waste treatment and disposal, and disposal of any solids removed from wastewater;
12. Aerial photo or scale map that clearly shows the property boundaries, plant site, drainage areas associated with each outfall, locations of all mine pit dewatering, existing, significant sources of materials exposed to precipitation, stormwater or process wastewater outfalls and the receiving streams;
13. Evidence, such as the permit-license to operate a mine page, that the operation to be covered by this general permit has a mining permit that has been approved by the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy, Division of Mineral Mining (or associated waivered program) under the provisions and requirements of Title 45.1 of the Code of Virginia (or appropriate bordering state authorization). Mineral mines owned and operated by governmental bodies not subject to the provisions and requirements of Title 45.1 of the Code of Virginia are exempt from this requirement;
14. Mining permit number;
15. Whether the permitted [
outfall facility ]
will discharge to a municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4). If so,
provide the name of the MS4 owner. The yes, the facility owner of
the facility shall notify the MS4 owner in writing of the existence
of the discharge within 30 days of coverage under the general permit and
shall copy the DEQ regional office with the notification at the time of
registration under this permit and include that notification with the
registration statement. The notification shall include the following
information: the name of the facility, a contact person and phone number
contact information, the location of the discharge, the nature of the
discharge, and the facility's VPDES general permit number [ if assigned
by DEQ ];
16. Indicate if there are vehicle or equipment degreasing activities performed on site. If yes, indicate if there is any process wastewater generated from these activities;
Monitoring data to determine compliance with
9VAC25-260-310 m (Chickahominy special standards) as per Part I B 14 of this
permit; 18. Provide certification that the process water wastewater
system is designed to operate as "no discharge" if special condition
Part I B 17 15 is to apply to the facility. Identify the
emergency outfall number;
For applicants other than a sole
proprietor, the ] State Corporation Commission entity
identification number [ if the facility is required to obtain an
entity identification number by law ]; and
19. The following certification:
"I certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted. Based on my inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system or those persons directly responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is to the best of my knowledge and belief true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information including the possibility of fine and imprisonment for knowing violations."
D. The registration statement shall be signed in accordance with 9VAC25-31-110.
E. Where to submit. The registration statement
be delivered to the department by either postal or electronic mail and shall be
submitted to the DEQ regional office serving the area where the industrial
facility is located.
9VAC25-190-70. General permit.
Any owner whose registration statement is accepted by the
board will receive coverage under the following general permit and shall
comply with the requirements in
it the general permit and be
subject to all requirements of the VPDES permit regulation, 9VAC25-31 9VAC25-31-190.
General Permit No.: VAG84
Effective date: July 1,
Expiration date: June 30,
GENERAL PERMIT FOR NONMETALLIC MINERAL MINING
AUTHORIZATION TO DISCHARGE UNDER THE VIRGINIA POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM AND THE VIRGINIA STATE WATER CONTROL LAW
In compliance with the provisions of the Clean Water Act, as amended, and pursuant to the State Water Control Law and regulations adopted pursuant to it, owners of nonmetallic mineral mines are authorized to discharge to surface waters within the boundaries of the Commonwealth of Virginia, except those specifically named in board regulations that prohibit such discharges.
The authorized discharge shall be in accordance with the
information submitted with the registration statement, this cover page,
Part I - Effluent Limitations, Monitoring Requirements, and Special Conditions,
Part II - Stormwater Management, and Part III - Conditions Applicable to All
VPDES Permits, as set forth
herein in this permit.
Effluent Limitations, Monitoring Requirements, and Special Conditions
A. Effluent limitations and monitoring requirements.
1. During the period beginning with the permittee's coverage
under this general permit and lasting until the permit's expiration date, the
permittee is authorized to discharge process wastewater and commingled
stormwater associated with industrial activity from
Such discharges shall be limited and monitored by the permittee as specified below:
Total Suspended Solids (mg/l)
pH (standard units)(2)
NL = No Limitation, monitoring required
NA = Not Applicable
(1)1/3 Months equals the following three-month periods each year of permit coverage: January through March, April through June, July through September, and October through December. Discharge Monitoring Reports (DMRs) of quarterly monitoring shall be submitted to the DEQ regional office no later than the 10th day of April, July, October, and January.
(2)Where the Water Quality Standards (9VAC25-260) establish alternate standards for pH, those standards shall be the minimum and maximum pH effluent limits.
2. During the period beginning with the permittee's coverage
under the general permit and lasting until the permit's expiration date, the
permittee is authorized to discharge stormwater associated with industrial
activity that does not combine with other wastewaters prior to discharge from
a. Such discharges shall be limited and monitored by the permittee as specified below:
Total Suspended Solids (mg/l)
pH (standard units)
NL = No Limitation, monitoring required
NA = Not applicable
(1)Discharge Monitoring Reports (DMRs) of yearly monitoring (January 1 to December 31) shall be submitted to the DEQ regional office no later than the 10th day of January.
(2) Estimate of the total volume of the discharge during the storm event.
b. The permittee shall conduct calendar quarterly visual
monitoring of stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity. The
monitoring shall include examination of stormwater samples representative of
storm event discharges from the facility and observation of color, odor,
clarity, floating solids, settled solids, suspended solids, foam, oil sheen, and
other obvious indicators of stormwater pollution. Documentation of visual
monitoring of stormwater shall be maintained onsite in the SWPPP and include
the examination date and time, examination personnel, outfall location, the
nature of the discharge [ (i.e., runoff or snowmelt) ],
visual quality of the stormwater discharge and probable sources of any
observed stormwater contamination. Part II A regarding monitoring
instructions, Part II B regarding representative outfalls, and Part II C
regarding sampling waivers shall apply to the taking of samples for visual
monitoring except that the documentation required by these sections shall be
retained with the SWPPP [
B. Special conditions.
1. Vehicles and equipment utilized during the industrial activity on a site must be operated and maintained in such a manner as to prevent the potential or actual point source pollution of the surface or groundwaters of the state. Fuels, lubricants, coolants, and hydraulic fluids, or any other petroleum products, shall not be disposed of by discharging on the ground or into surface waters. Spent fluids shall be disposed of in a manner so as not to enter the surface or groundwaters of the state and in accordance with the applicable state and federal disposal regulations. Any spilled fluids shall be cleaned up and disposed of in a manner so as not to allow their entry into the surface or groundwaters of the state.
2. No sewage shall be discharged from this mineral mining activity except under the provisions of another VPDES permit specifically issued for that purpose.
3. There shall be no chemicals added to the discharge, other
than those listed on the owner's approved registration statement, unless
prior approval of the chemical is granted by the board. [
use of cationic chemicals is ineligible for coverage under this permit unless
such use is approved by the board based on a demonstration that the application
or use will not result in aquatic toxicity. ]
4. The permittee shall submit a new registration statement if the mining permit approved by the Division of Mineral Mining (or associated waivered program, or bordering state mine authority) is modified or reissued in any way that would affect the outfall location or the characteristics of a discharge covered by this general permit. Government owned and operated mines without mining permits shall submit the registration statement whenever outfall location or characteristics are altered. The new registration statement shall be filed within 30 days of the outfall relocation or change in the characteristics of the discharge.
5. The permittee shall notify the department as soon as they know or have reason to believe:
a. That any activity has occurred or will occur that would result in the discharge, on a routine or frequent basis, of any toxic pollutant that is not limited in this permit, if that discharge will exceed the highest of the following notification levels:
(1) One hundred micrograms per liter (100 μg/l) of the toxic pollutant;
(2) Two hundred micrograms per liter (200 μg/l) for acrolein and acrylonitrile; five hundred micrograms per liter (500 μg/l) for 2,4-dinitrophenol and for 2-methyl-4,6-dinitrophenol; and one milligram per liter (1 mg/l) for antimony;
(3) Five times the maximum concentration value reported for that pollutant in the permit application; or
(4) The level established by the board.
b. That any activity has occurred or will occur that would result in any discharge, on a nonroutine or infrequent basis, of a toxic pollutant that is not limited in this permit, if that discharge will exceed the highest of the following notification levels:
(1) Five hundred micrograms per liter (500 μg/l) of the toxic pollutant;
(2) One milligram per liter (1 mg/l) for antimony;
(3) Ten times the maximum concentration value reported for that pollutant in the permit application; or
(4) The level established by the board in accordance with 9VAC25-31-220 F.
Except as expressly authorized by this permit, no
product, materials, industrial wastes, or other wastes resulting from the
purchase, sale, mining, extraction, transport, preparation, or storage of raw
or intermediate materials, final product, by-product or wastes, shall be
handled, disposed of, or stored so as to permit a discharge of such product,
materials, industrial wastes, or other wastes to state waters. Any and
all product, materials, industrial wastes, or other wastes resulting from the
purchase, sale, mining, extraction, transport, preparation, or storage of raw
or intermediate materials, final product, by-product, or wastes shall be
handled, disposed of, or stored in such a manner and consistent with best
management practices, so as not to permit a discharge of such product,
materials, industrial wastes, or other wastes to state waters, except as
7. There shall be no discharge of process wastewater pollutants from colocated asphalt paving materials operations. For the purposes of this special condition, process wastewater pollutants are any pollutants present in water used in asphalt paving materials manufacturing that come into direct contact with any raw materials, intermediate product, by-product or product related to the asphalt paving materials manufacturing process.
8. Process water may be used on site for the purpose of dust
suppression. Dust suppression shall be carried out as a best management
practice but not as a wastewater disposal method provided that ponding or
run-off runoff ] from the site does not occur
during or immediately following its application. Dust suppression shall not
occur during a storm event that results in an actual discharge from the site.
9. Process water from mine dewatering may be provided to local property owners for beneficial agricultural use.
10. There shall be no
a. Discharge of floating solids or visible foam in
other than trace amounts from process water discharges
. There shall be no
b. Solids deposition to surface water as a result of [ a discharge associated with ] industrial activity; or
oil c. Oil sheen resulting from petroleum
products discharged to surface water as a result of the industrial activity.
11. The permittee shall report at least two significant digits for a given parameter. Regardless of the rounding convention used (i.e., five always rounding up or to the nearest even number) by the permittee, the permittee shall use the convention consistently and shall ensure that consulting laboratories employed by the permittee use the same convention.
Stormwater monitoring total suspended solids (TSS)
evaluation. Permittees that monitor stormwater associated with industrial
activity that does not combine with other wastewaters prior to discharge shall
review the results of the TSS monitoring required by Part I A 2 to determine if
changes to the stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) may be necessary.
If the TSS monitoring results are greater than the evaluation value of 100
mg/l, then the permittee shall perform the inspection and maintain
documentation as described in Part II H 3 d for that outfall. Any deficiencies
noted during the inspection shall be corrected in a timely manner. 13. Discharges to waters subject to TMDL wasteload
allocations. Owners of facilities that are a source of the specified pollutant
of concern to waters for which a total maximum daily load (TMDL) wasteload
allocation has been approved prior to the term of this permit shall incorporate
measures and controls into the SWPPP required by Part II that are consistent
with the assumptions and requirements of the TMDL. The department will provide
written notification to the owner that a facility is subject to the TMDL
requirements. If the TMDL establishes a numeric wasteload allocation that
applies to discharges from the facility, the owner shall perform any required
monitoring in accordance with Part I A and implement measures necessary to meet
that allocation. 14. Discharges in the entire Chickahominy watershed above
Walker's Dam (excluding discharges consisting solely of stormwater) shall also
meet the effluent limitations in 9VAC25-260-310 m (special standards and
requirements) of the January 6, 2011, water quality standards regulation. These
limitations are BOD5 (6.0 mg/l average and 8.0 mg/l maximum), total
suspended solids (TSS) (5.0 mg/l average and 7.5 mg/l maximum), total
phosphorus (0.10 mg/l average), ammonia as nitrogen (2.0 mg/l average), and
settleable solids (0.1 mg/l average). These parameters, except for TSS, shall
be monitored once per calendar year and the data submitted with the next
registration statement (for the 2019 reissuance). TSS data shall be monitored
and submitted with the Part I A DMR. 15. 13. The discharges authorized by this permit
shall be controlled as necessary to meet applicable water quality standards. 16. 14. Inactive and unstaffed facilities
(including temporarily inactive [ sites) and unstaffed
a. A waiver of the process and stormwater monitoring and
routine inspections may be exercised by the board at a facility that is both
inactive and unstaffed as long as the facility remains inactive and unstaffed.
Such a facility is required to conduct an annual
inspection in accordance with the requirements in Part II H 4 d 3. No
DMR reports will be required to be submitted when a facility is approved as
inactive and unstaffed.
b. An inactive and unstaffed sites waiver request shall be submitted to the board for approval and shall include the name of the facility; the facility's VPDES general permit registration number; a contact person, phone number, and email address (if available); the reason for the request; and the date the facility became or will become inactive and unstaffed. The waiver request shall be signed and certified in accordance with Part III K. If this waiver is granted, a copy of the request and the board's written approval of the waiver shall be maintained with the SWPPP.
c. To reactivate the site the permittee shall notify the department within 30 days or an alternate timeframe if written approval is received in advance from the board, and all process and stormwater monitoring and routine inspections shall be resumed immediately. This notification must be submitted to the department, signed in accordance with Part III K, and retained on site at the facility covered by this permit in accordance with Part III B.
d. The board retains the authority to revoke this waiver when it is determined that the discharge causes, has a reasonable potential to cause, or contributes to a water quality standards violation.
17. 15. Process water wastewater
systems designed to operate as "no discharge" shall have no discharge
of wastewater or pollutants, except in storm events greater than a 25-year,
24-hour storm event. In the event of such a discharge, the permittee shall
report an unusual or extraordinary discharge per Part III H of this permit. No
sampling or DMR is required for these discharges as they are considered to be
discharging in emergency discharge conditions. These discharges shall not
contravene the Water Quality Standards (9VAC25-260), as adopted and amended by
the board, or any provision of the State Water Control Law. Any other discharge
from this type of system is prohibited, and shall be reported as an
unauthorized discharge per Part III G of this permit. 18. 16. Best management practices for blasting. The
permittee shall utilize best management practices to ensure that contaminants
do not enter surface water as a result of blasting at the site.
17. Notice of termination.
a. The owner may terminate coverage under this general permit by filing a complete notice of termination. The notice of termination may be filed after one or more of the following conditions have been met:
(1) Operations have ceased at the facility and there are no longer discharges of process wastewater or stormwater associated with the industrial activity;
(2) A new owner has assumed responsibility for the facility
A notice of termination does not have to be submitted if a VPDES Change of
Ownership Agreement Form has been submitted) submitted;
(3) All discharges associated with this facility have been
covered by [
an a ] VPDES individual VPDES
permit or an alternative VPDES permit; or
(4) Termination of coverage is being requested for another reason, provided the board agrees that coverage under this general permit is no longer needed.
b. The notice of termination shall contain the following information:
(1) Owner's name, mailing address, telephone number, and email address (if available);
(2) Facility name and location;
(3) VPDES general permit registration number for the facility; and
(4) The basis for submitting the notice of termination, including:
(a) A statement indicating that a new owner has assumed responsibility for the facility;
(b) A statement indicating that operations have ceased at the
a closure plan has been implemented according to the O & M
Manual, and there are no longer discharges from the facility;
(c) A statement indicating that all discharges have been
covered by [
an a ] VPDES individual VPDES
(d) A statement indicating that termination of coverage is being requested for another reason (state the reason).
c. The following certification:
"I certify under penalty of law that all wastewater and stormwater discharges from the identified facility that are authorized by this VPDES general permit have been eliminated, or covered under a VPDES individual or alternative permit, or that I am no longer the owner of the facility, or permit coverage should be terminated for another reason listed above. I understand that by submitting this notice of termination, that I am no longer authorized to discharge nonmetallic mineral mining wastewater or stormwater in accordance with the general permit, and that discharging pollutants to surface waters is unlawful where the discharge is not authorized by a VPDES permit. I also understand that the submittal of this notice of termination does not release an owner from liability for any violations of this permit or the Clean Water Act."
d. The notice of termination shall be submitted to the
DEQ regional office serving the area where the facility discharge is located
and signed in accordance with Part III K.
A. Monitoring instructions.
1. Collection and analysis of samples. Sampling requirements shall be assessed on an outfall-by-outfall basis. Samples shall be collected and analyzed in accordance with the requirements of Part III A.
2. When and how to sample.
a. In the case of snowmelt or a discharge from a stormwater
(a series of settling lagoons), a representative
sample shall be taken at the time the discharge occurs.
b. For all other types of stormwater discharges, a minimum of
one grab sample shall be taken resulting from a storm event that results in
actual a discharge from the site (defined as a "measurable
storm event"), providing the interval from the preceding measurable storm
event is at least 72 hours. The 72-hour storm interval is waived if the
permittee is able to document with the discharge monitoring report (DMR) that
less than a 72-hour interval is representative for local storm events during
the sampling period. The grab sample shall be taken during the first 30 minutes
of the discharge. If it is not practicable to take the sample during the first
30 minutes, the sample may be taken during the first three hours of discharge
provided that the permittee explains with the DMR why a grab sample during the
first 30 minutes was impracticable and maintains that documentation with the
discharge outfalls. When a
If a facility has two or more exclusively stormwater outfalls that the
permittee reasonably believes discharge substantially identical effluents,
based on a consideration of similarity of industrial activity,
significant materials, [ size of the drainage areas, ] frequency
of discharges, and management practices and activities within the area
drained by the outfalls, then the permittee may submit information with the
registration statement substantiating the request for only one DMR to be issued
for the outfall to be sampled that represents one or more substantially
identical outfalls. Also the The permittee must shall
document representative outfalls in the SWPPP and list on the DMR of the
outfall to be sampled all outfall locations that are represented by the
discharge. The representative outfall monitoring provisions apply to Part I
A 2 a monitoring and quarterly visual monitoring.
The permittee must include the following information in the SWPPP:
1. The locations of the outfalls; [ and ]
2. An evaluation, including available monitoring data,
indicating why the outfalls are expected to discharge substantially identical
; and 3. An estimate of the size of the drainage area in acres ].
C. Sampling waivers. When a permittee is unable to conduct quarterly
stormwater monitoring required under Part I A 2 b within the specified
sampling period due to no measurable storm event or adverse weather conditions,
documentation shall be submitted explaining the permittee's inability to
conduct the stormwater monitoring. The documentation must include the dates and
times that the outfalls were viewed and sampling was attempted. Adverse weather
conditions that may prohibit the collection of samples include weather
conditions that create dangerous conditions for personnel (such as local
flooding, high winds, hurricane, tornadoes, electrical storms, etc.).
Acceptable documentation includes
but is not limited to National Climatic
Data Center weather station data, local weather station data, facility rainfall
logs, and other appropriate supporting data. All documentation shall also be
maintained with the SWPPP. This waiver is not applicable to annual
monitoring required under Part I A 2 a.
D. Stormwater pollution prevention plans (SWPPP). An SWPPP shall be developed and implemented for the facility. The plan shall include best management practices (BMPs) that are reasonable, economically practicable, and appropriate in light of current industry practices. The BMPs shall be selected, designed, installed, implemented, and maintained in accordance with good engineering practices to eliminate or reduce the pollutants in all stormwater discharges from the facility. The SWPPP shall also include all control measures necessary for the stormwater discharges to meet applicable water quality standards.
The SWPPP requirements of this general permit may be
fulfilled, in part, by incorporating by reference other plans or documents such
as an erosion and sediment control plan, a mine drainage plan as required by
the Virginia Division of Mineral Mining, a spill prevention control and
countermeasure (SPCC) plan developed for the facility under § 311 of the
federal Clean Water Act or BMP programs otherwise required for the facility
provided that the incorporated plan meets or exceeds the
requirements of Part II H (contents of plan) SWPPP). All plans
incorporated by reference into the SWPPP become enforceable under this permit.
If a plan incorporated by reference does not contain all of the required
elements of Part II H, the permittee must develop the missing SWPPP elements
and include them in the required plan SWPPP.
E. Deadlines for
plan SWPPP preparation and
1. Owners of existing facilities that were covered under the
2014 Nonmetallic Mineral Mining General Permit that are continuing
coverage under this general permit shall update and implement any revisions to
the SWPPP within 90 60 days of the board granting coverage under
2. Owners of new facilities, facilities previously covered by an expiring individual permit, and existing facilities not currently covered by a VPDES permit that elect to be covered under this general permit shall prepare and implement the SWPPP prior to submitting the registration statement.
3. Where the owner of an existing facility that is covered by this permit changes, the new owner of the facility shall update and implement any revisions to the SWPPP within 60 days of ownership change.
4. Upon a showing of good cause, the director may establish a later date in writing for the preparation and compliance with the SWPPP.
F. Signature and
plan SWPPP review.
1. The SWPPP shall be signed in accordance with Part III K (signatory requirements), and be retained on site at the facility covered by this permit in accordance with Part III B (records) of this permit. When there are no on-site buildings or offices in which to store the plan, it shall be kept at the nearest company office.
2. The permittee shall make the SWPPP,
compliance routine inspection report documentation, or
other information available to the department upon request.
3. The director, or an authorized representative, may notify the permittee at any time that the SWPPP, BMPs, or other components of the facility's stormwater program do not meet one or more of the requirements of this part. Such notification shall identify specific provisions of the permit that are not being met and may include required modifications to the stormwater program, additional monitoring requirements, and special reporting requirements. Within 60 days of such notification from the director, or as otherwise provided by the director, or an authorized representative, the permittee shall make the required changes to the plan and shall submit to the department a written certification that the requested changes have been made.
G. Maintaining an updated SWPPP. The permittee shall review and amend the SWPPP as appropriate whenever:
1. There is construction or a change in design, operation, or maintenance that has a significant effect on the discharge or the potential for the discharge of pollutants to surface waters;
2. Routine inspections
or compliance evaluations
determine that there are deficiencies in the BMPs;
3. Inspections by local, state, or federal officials determine that modifications to the SWPPP are necessary;
4. There is a spill, leak, or other release at the facility; or
5. There is an unauthorized discharge from the facility.
SWPPP modifications shall be made within
calendar days after discovery, observation, or an event requiring an SWPPP
modification. Implementation of new or modified BMPs (distinct from regular
preventive maintenance of existing BMPs described in Part II H 3 b
(preventative maintenance) shall be initiated before the next storm event if
possible, but no later than 60 days after discovery, or as otherwise provided
or approved by the director. The amount of time taken to modify a BMP or
implement additional BMPs shall be documented in the SWPPP.
If the SWPPP modification is based on a release or unauthorized discharge, include a description and date of the release, the circumstances leading to the release, actions taken in response to the release, and measures to prevent the recurrence of such releases. Unauthorized releases and discharges are subject to the reporting requirements of Part III G of this permit.
H. Contents of
plan SWPPP. The plan SWPPP
shall include, at a minimum, the following items:
1. Pollution prevention team. Each plan shall identify the staff individuals by name or title who comprise the facility's stormwater pollution prevention team. The pollution prevention team is responsible for assisting the facility or plant manager in developing, implementing, maintaining, revising, and ensuring compliance with the facility's SWPPP. Specific responsibilities of each staff individual on the team shall be identified and listed.
2. Summary of potential pollutant sources. The
shall identify where industrial materials or activities at the facility are
exposed to stormwater. The description shall include:
a. Site map. The site map shall document:
(1) An outline of the drainage area of each stormwater outfall
that are within the facility boundaries, each existing structural control
measure to reduce pollutants in stormwater run-off, surface water bodies,
locations where materials are exposed to precipitation, locations where major
spills or leaks identified under Part II H 2 c (spills and leaks) of this
permit have occurred, and the locations of the following activities where such
activities are exposed to precipitation: fueling stations, vehicle or equipment
degreasing, cleaning areas,
loading/unloading areas loading or
unloading, locations used for the treatment, storage or disposal of wastes
and wastewaters, liquid storage tanks, processing areas, and storage
areas. The map must indicate all outfall locations. The types of discharges
contained in the drainage areas of the outfalls must be indicated either on the
map or in an attached narrative.
(2) For each area of the facility that generates stormwater
discharges associated with industrial activity
with a potential for
containing significant amounts of pollutants, locations of stormwater
conveyances, including ditches, pipes, swales, and inlets, and the directions
of stormwater flow and an identification of the types of pollutants that are
likely to be present in stormwater discharges associated with industrial
activity. Factors to consider include the toxicity of the chemicals; quantity
of chemicals used, produced or discharged; the likelihood of contact with
stormwater; and history of significant spills or leaks of toxic or hazardous
pollutants. Flows with a potential for causing erosion shall be identified.
b. Inventory of exposed materials. A list of the industrial
materials or activities, including
but not limited to material handling
equipment or activities, industrial machinery, raw materials, industrial
production and processes, intermediate products, by-products, final products,
and waste products. Material handling activities include but are not limited
to the storage, loading and unloading, transportation, disposal, or conveyance
of any raw material, intermediate product, final product, or waste product.
c. Spills and leaks. A list of significant spills and leaks of toxic or hazardous pollutants that occurred at areas that are exposed to precipitation or that otherwise drain to a stormwater conveyance at the facility after the date of three years prior to the date of coverage under this general permit. Such list shall be updated as appropriate during the term of the permit.
d. Sampling data. A summary of existing stormwater sampling data taken at the facility. The summary shall include, at a minimum, any data collected during the previous three years.
3. Stormwater controls.
BMPs Control measures
shall be implemented for all areas identified in Part II H 2 b (inventory of
exposed materials) to prevent or control pollutants in stormwater discharges
from the facility. All reasonable steps shall be taken to control or address
the quality of discharges from the site that may not originate at the facility.
The SWPPP shall describe the type, location, and implementation of all BMPs for
each area where industrial materials or activities are exposed to stormwater.
The BMPs shall also address the following minimum components, including a
schedule for implementing such controls:
a. Good housekeeping. Good housekeeping requires the clean
and orderly maintenance of areas that may contribute pollutants to
in a clean, orderly manner. The plan SWPPP
shall describe procedures performed to minimize contact of materials with
stormwater [ run-off runoff ]. Particular attention
should be paid to areas where raw materials are stockpiled, material handling
areas, storage areas, liquid storage tanks, vehicle fueling and maintenance
areas, and loading/unloading loading or unloading areas, and
vehicle entrance and exits. The permittee shall keep clean all exposed
areas of the facility that are potential sources of pollutants in stormwater.
The permittee shall sweep or vacuum paved surfaces of the site that are exposed
to stormwater at regular intervals or use other equivalent measures to minimize
the potential discharge of these materials in stormwater. Indicate in the SWPPP
the frequency of sweeping, vacuuming, or other equivalent measures.
b. Preventive maintenance. A preventive maintenance program
shall involve regular inspection, testing, maintenance, and repairing of all
industrial equipment and systems to avoid breakdowns or failures that could
result in leaks, spills, and other releases. All BMPs identified in the SWPPP
shall be maintained in effective operating condition. The SWPPP shall include a
description of procedures and a regular schedule for preventive maintenance and
observation of all BMPs and shall include a description of the back-up
practices that are in place should a run-off event occur while a BMP is off
line or not operating effectively. The effectiveness of nonstructural BMPs
shall also be maintained by appropriate means (e.g., spill response supplies
available and personnel trained). If site inspections required by Part II H 3 d
(routine facility inspections)
or Part II H 4 (comprehensive site compliance
evaluation) identify BMPs that are not operating effectively, repairs or
maintenance shall be performed before the next anticipated storm event. If
maintenance prior to the next anticipated storm event is not possible,
maintenance shall be scheduled and accomplished as soon as practicable.
Documentation shall be kept with the SWPPP of maintenance and repairs of BMPs,
including the date(s) dates of regular maintenance, date(s)
dates of discovery of areas in need of repair or replacement, date(s)
dates for repairs, date(s) dates that the BMP(s) BMPs
returned to full function, and the justification for an extended maintenance or
repair schedules. The maintenance program shall require periodic removal of
debris from discharge diversions and conveyance systems. Permittees using
settling basins to control their effluents must provide maintenance schedules
for such basins in the pollution prevention plan SWPPP.
c. Spill prevention and response procedures. The
shall describe the procedures that will be followed for preventing and
responding to spills and leaks, including barriers between material storage and
traffic areas, secondary containment provisions, procedures for material
storage and handling, response procedures for notification of appropriate
facility personnel, emergency agencies, and regulatory agencies and procedures
for stopping, containing, and cleaning up spills. Measures for cleaning up
hazardous material spills or leaks shall be consistent with applicable RCRA
regulations at 40 CFR Part 264 and 40 CFR Part 265. Employees who may cause,
detect, or respond to a spill or leak shall be trained in these procedures and
have necessary spill response equipment available. If possible, one of these
individuals shall be a member of the pollution prevention team. Contact
information for individuals and agencies that must be notified in the event of
a spill shall be included in the SWPPP and in other locations where it will be
d. Routine facility inspections.
Facility personnel Personnel who are
familiar with the mining activity, the best management practices, and
the stormwater pollution prevention plan SWPPP shall be
identified to inspect conduct routine facility inspections. Such
inspections must include all areas where industrial materials or activities are
exposed to stormwater as identified in Part II H 2 b (inventory of exposed
materials), including material storage and handling areas, including but
not limited to areas where aggregate is stockpiled outdoors, liquid storage
tanks, hoppers or silos, material handling vehicles, equipment, and processing
areas; off-site tracking of industrial or waste materials or sediment where
vehicles enter or exit the site; to inspect vehicle and equipment
maintenance areas and cleaning and fueling areas; to inspect best
management practices; and to conduct visual examinations of stormwater
associated with industrial activity discharge points.
(2) The inspection frequency shall be specified in the
SWPPP based upon a consideration of the level of industrial activity at
the facility, but shall be a minimum of quarterly. Inspections of best
management practices shall include inspection of stormwater discharge
diversions, conveyance systems, sediment control and collection systems,
containment structures, vegetation, serrated slopes, and benched slopes to
determine their adequacy and effectiveness, the integrity of control
structures, if soil erosion has occurred, or if there is evidence of actual or
potential discharge of contaminated stormwater.
Quarterly visual examinations of stormwater discharges
associated with industrial activity shall include examination of stormwater
samples representative of storm event discharges from the facility and
observation of color, odor, clarity, floating solids, settled solids, suspended
solids, foam, oil sheen, and other obvious indicators of stormwater pollution.
(4) Site inspection , and best management
practices inspection and visual examination results must be documented
and maintained on-site with the SWPPP. Documentation for visual examinations
of stormwater shall include the examination date and time, examination
personnel, outfall location, the nature of the discharge, visual quality of the
stormwater discharge and probable sources of any observed stormwater
contamination. Part II A regarding monitoring instructions, Part II B regarding
representative discharges, and Part II C regarding sampling waivers shall apply
to the taking of samples for visual examination except that (i) the
documentation required by these sections shall be retained with the SWPPP
visual examination records rather than submitted to the department, and (ii)
substitute sampling for waivered sampling is not required if the proper
documentation is maintained. (5) (4) A set of tracking or followup procedures
shall be used to ensure that appropriate actions are taken in response to the
inspections. Such actions must include updating pollution sources, updating
pollution prevention measures and controls, and updating the SWPPP as
appropriate based on information developed during the inspections.
(5) The requirement for routine facility inspections is waived for facilities that have maintained an active VEEP E3/E4 status.
e. Employee training. Employee training shall be conducted
at least annually at active mining [ sites ] and
[ at those ] temporarily inactive sites [ that
are staffed ]. Employee training programs shall inform
personnel responsible for implementing activities identified in the
pollution prevention plan SWPPP or otherwise responsible for
stormwater management at all levels of responsibility of the components and
goals of the stormwater pollution prevention plan. Training should address
topics such as spill response, good housekeeping and material management
practices. A pollution prevention plan shall identify periodic dates for
such training. All employee training shall be documented in the SWPPP.
f. Recordkeeping and internal reporting procedures. A
description of incidents such as spills, or other discharges, along with other
information describing the quality and quantity of stormwater discharges shall
be included in the
plan SWPPP required under this part.
Inspections and maintenance activities shall be documented and records of such
activities shall be incorporated into the plan SWPPP. Ineffective
best management practices must be recorded and the date of their corrective
action noted in the SWPPP.
g. Sediment and erosion control. The plan shall identify areas that, due to topography, land disturbance (e.g., construction, landscaping, site grading), or other factors, have a potential for soil erosion. The permittee shall identify and implement structural, vegetative, or stabilization BMPs to prevent or control on-site and off-site erosion and sedimentation.
h. Management of [
run-off runoff ].
The plan SWPPP shall describe the stormwater [ run-off
runoff ] management practices (i.e., permanent structural BMPs) for
the facility. These types of BMPs are typically used to divert, infiltrate,
reuse, or otherwise reduce pollutants in stormwater discharges from the site.
Appropriate measures may include: vegetative swales and practices, reuse of
collected stormwater (such as for a process or as an irrigation source), inlet
controls (such as oil/water separators), snow management activities,
infiltration devices, and wet detention/retention detention or
retention devices. 4. Comprehensive site compliance evaluation. Facility
personnel who are familiar with the mining activity, the BMPs, and the SWPPP
shall conduct site compliance evaluations at appropriate intervals specified in
the plan, but in no case less frequently than once a year. Evaluations shall include
all areas where industrial materials or activities are exposed to stormwater as
identified in Part II H 2 b (inventory exposed materials). Such evaluations
shall include the following: a. Areas contributing to a stormwater discharge associated
with industrial activity, including material storage and handling areas (e.g.,
areas where aggregate is stockpiled outdoors, liquid storage tanks, hoppers or
silos, material handling vehicles, equipment, and processing areas); vehicle
and equipment maintenance areas and cleaning and fueling areas; off-site
tracking of industrial or waste materials or sediment where vehicles enter or
exit the site; tracking or blowing of raw, final, or waste materials from areas
of no exposure to exposed areas; and residue or trash shall be visually
inspected for evidence of, or the potential for, pollutants entering the
drainage system. Measures to reduce pollutant loadings shall be evaluated to
determine whether they are adequate and properly implemented in accordance with
the terms of the permit or whether additional control measures are needed.
Structural stormwater management measures, sediment and erosion control
measures, and other structural pollution prevention measures identified in the
plan shall be observed to ensure that they are operating correctly. A visual
inspection of equipment needed to implement the plan, such as spill response
equipment, shall be made. A review of training performed, routine inspections
completed, visual examinations completed, maintenance performed, and effective
operation of BMPs, shall be made. b. Based on the results of the evaluation, the summary of
potential pollutant sources identified in the plan in accordance with Part II H
2 (summary of potential pollutant sources) of this permit and pollution
prevention measures and controls identified in the plan in accordance with Part
II H 3 (stormwater controls) of this permit shall be revised as appropriate
within 14 days of such inspection and shall provide for implementation of any
changes to the plan in a timely manner, but in no case more than 90 days after
the inspection. c. A report summarizing the scope of the inspection,
personnel making the inspection, the dates of the inspection, observations
relating to the implementation of the SWPPP, including the elements stipulated
in Part II H 4 a, and actions taken in accordance with Part II H 4 b of this
permit shall be made and retained as required in Part III B (records). The
report shall identify any incidents of noncompliance. Where a report does not
identify any incidents of noncompliance, the report shall contain a
certification that the facility is in compliance with the SWPPP and this
permit. The report shall be signed in accordance with Part III K (signatory
requirements) of this permit and retained as required in Part III B. d. Where compliance evaluation schedules overlap with
inspections required under Part II H 3 d (inspections), the compliance
evaluation may be conducted in place of one such inspection.
I. Authorized nonstormwater discharges. The following nonstormwater discharges are authorized by this permit:
1. Discharges from emergency firefighting activities;
2. Fire hydrant flushing, managed in a manner to avoid an instream impact;
3. Potable water, including water line flushing, managed in a manner to avoid instream impact;
4. Uncontaminated condensate from air conditioners, coolers, and other compressors and from the outside storage of refrigerated gases or liquids;
5. Irrigation drainage;
6. Landscape watering, provided all pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers have been applied in accordance with approved labeling;
7. Routine external building washdown that does not use detergents or hazardous cleaning products;
8. Pavement wash waters where no detergents or hazardous
cleaning products are used and no spills or leaks of toxic or hazardous
materials have occurred (unless all spilled material has been removed).
Pavement wash waters shall be managed [
to prevent the discharge
of pollutants in a manner to avoid instream impacts ];
9. Uncontaminated groundwater or spring water;
10. Foundation or footing drains where flows are not contaminated with process materials; and
11. Incidental windblown mist from cooling towers that collects on rooftops or adjacent portions of the facility, but not intentional discharges from the cooling tower (e.g., "piped" cooling tower blowdown or drains).
Conditions Applicable to All VPDES Permits
1. Samples and measurements taken as required by this permit shall be representative of the monitored activity.
2. Monitoring shall be conducted according to procedures approved under 40 CFR Part 136 or alternative methods approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, unless other procedures have been specified in this permit.
3. The permittee shall periodically calibrate and perform maintenance procedures on all monitoring and analytical instrumentation at intervals that will ensure accuracy of measurements.
4. Samples taken as required by this permit shall be analyzed in accordance with 1VAC30-45, Certification for Noncommercial Environmental Laboratories, or 1VAC30-46, Accreditation for Commercial Environmental Laboratories.
1. Records of monitoring information shall include:
a. The date, exact place, and time of sampling or measurements;
individual(s) individuals who performed
the sampling or measurements;
date(s) dates and time(s) times
analyses were performed;
individual(s) individuals who performed
e. The analytical techniques or methods used; and
f. The results of such analyses.
2. The permittee shall retain records of all monitoring information, including all calibration and maintenance records and all original strip chart recordings for continuous monitoring instrumentation, copies of all reports required by this permit, and records of all data used to complete the registration statement for this permit, for a period of at least three years from the date of the sample, measurement, report or request for coverage. This period of retention shall be extended automatically during the course of any unresolved litigation regarding the regulated activity or regarding control standards applicable to the permittee, or as requested by the board.
C. Reporting monitoring results.
1. The permittee shall submit the results of the monitoring required by this permit not later than the 10th day of the month after monitoring takes place, unless another reporting schedule is specified elsewhere in this permit. Monitoring results shall be submitted to the department's regional office.
2. Monitoring results shall be reported on a discharge monitoring report (DMR) or on forms provided, approved or specified by the department.
3. If the permittee monitors any pollutant specifically addressed by this permit more frequently than required by this permit using test procedures approved under 40 CFR Part 136 or using other test procedures approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or using procedures specified in this permit, the results of this monitoring shall be included in the calculation and reporting of the data submitted in the DMR or reporting form specified by the department.
4. Calculations for all limitations that require averaging of measurements shall utilize an arithmetic mean unless otherwise specified in this permit.
D. Duty to provide information. The permittee shall furnish to
the department, within a reasonable time, any information that the board may
request to determine whether cause exists for
modifying, revoking and
reissuing, or terminating coverage under this permit or to determine
compliance with this permit. The board may require the permittee to furnish,
upon request, such plans, specifications, and other pertinent information as
may be necessary to determine the effect of the wastes from its discharge on
the quality of state waters, or such other information as may be necessary to
accomplish the purposes of the State Water Control Law. The permittee shall
also furnish to the department, upon request, copies of records required to be
kept by this permit.
E. Compliance schedule reports. Reports of compliance or noncompliance with, or any progress reports on, interim and final requirements contained in any compliance schedule of this permit shall be submitted no later than 14 days following each schedule date.
F. Unauthorized discharges. Except in compliance with this permit or another permit issued by the board, it shall be unlawful for any person to:
1. Discharge into state waters sewage, industrial wastes, other wastes, or any noxious or deleterious substances; or
2. Otherwise alter the physical, chemical or biological properties of such state waters and make them detrimental to the public health, or to animal or aquatic life, or to the use of such waters for domestic or industrial consumption, or for recreation, or for other uses.
G. Reports of unauthorized discharges. Any permittee who discharges or causes or allows a discharge of sewage, industrial waste, other wastes or any noxious or deleterious substance into or upon state waters in violation of Part III F (unauthorized discharges); or who discharges or causes or allows a discharge that may reasonably be expected to enter state waters in violation of Part III F, shall notify the department of the discharge immediately upon discovery of the discharge, but in no case later than 24 hours after said discovery. A written report of the unauthorized discharge shall be submitted to the department within five days of discovery of the discharge. The written report shall contain:
1. A description of the nature and location of the discharge;
2. The cause of the discharge;
3. The date on which the discharge occurred;
4. The length of time that the discharge continued;
5. The volume of the discharge;
6. If the discharge is continuing, how long it is expected to continue;
7. If the discharge is continuing, what the expected total volume of the discharge will be; and
8. Any steps planned or taken to reduce, eliminate and prevent a recurrence of the present discharge or any future discharges not authorized by this permit.
Discharges reportable to the department under the immediate reporting requirements of other regulations are exempted from this requirement.
H. Reports of unusual or extraordinary discharges. If any
unusual or extraordinary discharge including a bypass or upset should occur
from a treatment works and the discharge enters or could be expected to enter
state waters, the permittee shall promptly notify (see NOTE in Part III I), in
no case later than 24 hours, the department after the discovery of the
discharge. This notification shall provide all available details of the
incident, including any adverse effects on aquatic life and the known number of
fish killed. The permittee shall reduce the report to writing and shall submit
it to the department within five days of discovery of the discharge in
accordance with Part III I 2. Unusual and extraordinary discharges include
are not limited to any discharge resulting from:
1. Unusual spillage of materials resulting directly or indirectly from processing operations;
2. Breakdown of processing or accessory equipment;
3. Failure or taking out of service some or all of the treatment works; and
4. Flooding or other acts of nature.
I. Reports of noncompliance.
1. The permittee shall report any noncompliance that may adversely affect state waters or may endanger public health.
1. a. An oral report shall be provided within 24
hours from the time the permittee becomes aware of the circumstances. The
following shall be included as information that shall be reported within 24
hours under this subdivision: a. (1) Any unanticipated bypass; and b. (2) Any upset that causes a discharge to
surface waters. 2. b. A written report shall be submitted within
five days and shall contain: a. (1) A description of the noncompliance and
its cause; b. (2) The period of noncompliance, including
exact dates and times, and if the noncompliance has not been corrected, the anticipated
time it is expected to continue; and c. (3) Steps taken or planned to reduce,
eliminate, and prevent reoccurrence of the noncompliance.
The board may waive the written report on a case-by-case basis for reports of noncompliance under Part III I if the oral report has been received within 24 hours and no adverse impact on state waters has been reported.
3. 2. The permittee shall report all instances of
noncompliance not reported under Parts III I 1 or 2, in writing, at the time
the next monitoring reports are submitted. The reports shall contain the
information listed in Part III I 2.
NOTE: The immediate (within 24 hours) reports required in
Part III G, H and I may be made to the department's regional office.
Reports may be made by telephone, FAX, or online at
For reports outside normal working hours, leave a message and this shall
fulfill the immediate reporting requirement. For emergencies, the Virginia Department
of Emergency Services maintains a 24-hour telephone service at 1-800-468-8892.
J. Notice of planned changes.
1. The permittee shall give notice to the department as soon as possible of any planned physical alterations or additions to the permitted facility. Notice is required only when:
a. The permittee plans alteration or addition to any building, structure, facility, or installation from which there is or may be a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced:
(1) After promulgation of standards of performance under § 306 of the federal Clean Water Act that are applicable to such source; or
(2) After proposal of standards of performance in accordance with § 306 of the federal Clean Water Act that are applicable to such source, but only if the standards are promulgated in accordance with § 306 within 120 days of their proposal;
b. The alteration or addition could significantly change the nature or increase the quantity of pollutants discharged. This notification applies to pollutants that are subject neither to effluent limitations nor to notification requirements specified elsewhere in this permit; or
c. The alteration or addition results in a significant change
in the permittee's sludge use or disposal practices and such alteration,
addition, or change may justify the application of permit conditions that are
different from or absent in the existing permit, including notification of
additional use or disposal sites not reported during the permit
registration process or not reported pursuant to an approved land
2. The permittee shall give advance notice to the department of any planned changes in the permitted facility or activity that may result in noncompliance with permit requirements.
K. Signatory requirements.
1. Registration statement. All registration statements shall be signed as follows:
a. For a corporation: by a responsible corporate officer. For
the purposes of this section, a responsible corporate officer means: (i) a
president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the corporation in charge
of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar
policy-making or decision-making functions for the corporation, or (ii) the
manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities
provided the manager is authorized to make management decisions that govern the
operation of the regulated facility including having the explicit or implicit duty
of making capital investment recommendations, and initiating and directing
other comprehensive measures to assure long-term environmental compliance with
environmental laws and regulations; the manager can ensure that the necessary
systems are established or actions taken to gather complete and accurate
information for permit
application registration requirements; and
where authority to sign documents has been assigned or delegated to the manager
in accordance with corporate procedures;
b. For a partnership or sole proprietorship: by a general partner or the proprietor, respectively; or
c. For a municipality, state, federal, or other public agency: by either a principal executive officer or ranking elected official. For purposes of this section, a principal executive officer of a public agency includes: (i) the chief executive officer of the agency or (ii) a senior executive officer having responsibility for the overall operations of a principal geographic unit of the agency.
, etc and other information. All
reports required by permits, and other information requested by the board,
shall be signed by a person described in Part III K 1 or by a duly authorized
representative of that person. A person is a duly authorized representative
a. The authorization is made in writing by a person described in Part III K 1;
b. The authorization specifies either an individual or a position having responsibility for the overall operation of the regulated facility or activity such as the position of plant manager, operator of a well or a well field, superintendent, position of equivalent responsibility, or an individual or position having overall responsibility for environmental matters for the company. A duly authorized representative may thus be either a named individual or any individual occupying a named position; and
c. The written authorization is submitted to the department.
3. Changes to authorization. If an authorization under Part III K 2 is no longer accurate because a different individual or position has responsibility for the overall operation of the facility, a new authorization satisfying the requirements of Part III K 2 shall be submitted to the department prior to or together with any reports or information to be signed by an authorized representative.
4. Certification. Any person signing a document under Part III K 1 or 2 shall make the following certification:
"I certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted. Based on my inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system, or those persons directly responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment for knowing violations."
L. Duty to comply. The permittee shall comply with all
conditions of this permit. Any permit noncompliance constitutes a violation of
the State Water Control Law and the federal Clean Water Act, except that
noncompliance with certain provisions of this permit may constitute a violation
of the State Water Control Law but not the federal Clean Water Act. Permit
noncompliance is grounds for enforcement action
;, for permit coverage
termination, revocation and reissuance, or modification; or for
denial of permit coverage.
M. Duty to reapply. If the permittee wishes to continue an
activity regulated by this permit after the expiration date of this permit, the
permittee shall apply for and obtain coverage under a new permit. All
permittees with currently effective permit coverage shall submit a new
registration statement at least
210 60 days before the expiration
date of the existing permit, unless permission for a later date has been
granted by the board. The board shall not grant permission for registration
statements to be submitted later than the expiration date of the existing
N. Effect of a permit. This permit does not convey any property rights in either real or personal property or any exclusive privileges, nor does it authorize any injury to private property or invasion of personal rights or any infringement of federal, state or local laws or regulations.
O. State law. Nothing in this permit shall be construed to preclude the institution of any legal action under, or relieve the permittee from any responsibilities, liabilities, or penalties established pursuant to, any other state law or regulation or under authority preserved by § 510 of the federal Clean Water Act. Except as provided in permit conditions on "bypass" (Part III U) and "upset" (Part III V), nothing in this permit shall be construed to relieve the permittee from civil and criminal penalties for noncompliance.
P. Oil and hazardous substance liability. Nothing in this permit shall be construed to preclude the institution of any legal action or relieve the permittee from any responsibilities, liabilities, or penalties to which the permittee is or may be subject under §§ 62.1-44.34:14 through 62.1-44.34:23 of the State Water Control Law.
Q. Proper operation and maintenance. The permittee shall at all times properly operate and maintain all facilities and systems of treatment and control (and related appurtenances) that are installed or used by the permittee to achieve compliance with the conditions of this permit. Proper operation and maintenance also includes effective plant performance, adequate funding, adequate staffing, and adequate laboratory and process controls, including appropriate quality assurance procedures. This provision requires the operation of back-up or auxiliary facilities or similar systems that are installed by the permittee only when the operation is necessary to achieve compliance with the conditions of this permit.
R. Disposal of solids or sludges. Solids, sludges or other pollutants removed in the course of treatment or management of pollutants shall be disposed of in a manner so as to prevent any pollutant from such materials from entering state waters.
S. Duty to mitigate. The permittee shall take all reasonable steps to minimize or prevent any discharge or sludge use or disposal in violation of this permit that has a reasonable likelihood of adversely affecting human health or the environment.
T. Need to halt or reduce activity not a defense. It shall not be a defense for a permittee in an enforcement action that it would have been necessary to halt or reduce the permitted activity in order to maintain compliance with the conditions of this permit.
1. "Bypass" means the intentional diversion of waste streams from any portion of a treatment facility. The permittee may allow any bypass to occur that does not cause effluent limitations to be exceeded, but only if it also is for essential maintenance to ensure efficient operation. These bypasses are not subject to the provisions of Parts III U 2 and U 3.
a. Anticipated bypass. If the permittee knows in advance of the need for a bypass, prior notice shall be submitted if possible at least 10 days before the date of the bypass.
b. Unanticipated bypass. The permittee shall submit notice of an unanticipated bypass as required in Part III I (reports of noncompliance).
3. Prohibition of bypass.
a. Bypass is prohibited, and the board may take enforcement action against a permittee for bypass, unless:
(1) Bypass was unavoidable to prevent loss of life, personal injury, or severe property damage;
(2) There were no feasible alternatives to the bypass, such as the use of auxiliary treatment facilities, retention of untreated wastes, or maintenance during normal periods of equipment downtime. This condition is not satisfied if adequate back-up equipment should have been installed in the exercise of reasonable engineering judgment to prevent a bypass that occurred during normal periods of equipment downtime or preventive maintenance; and
(3) The permittee submitted notices as required under Part III U 2.
b. The board may approve an anticipated bypass, after considering its adverse effects, if the board determines that it will meet the three conditions listed in Part III U 3 a.
1. An upset constitutes an affirmative defense to an action brought for noncompliance with technology-based permit effluent limitations if the requirements of Part III V 2 are met. A determination made during administrative review of claims that noncompliance was caused by upset, and before an action for noncompliance, is not a final administrative action subject to judicial review.
2. A permittee who wishes to establish the affirmative defense of upset shall demonstrate, through properly signed, contemporaneous operating logs or other relevant evidence that:
a. An upset occurred and that the permittee can identify the
cause of the upset;
b. The permitted facility was at the time being properly operated;
c. The permittee submitted notice of the upset as required in Part III I; and
d. The permittee complied with any remedial measures required under Part III S.
3. In any enforcement proceeding, the permittee seeking to establish the occurrence of an upset has the burden of proof.
W. Inspection and entry. The permittee shall allow the director or an authorized representative, upon presentation of credentials and other documents as may be required by law, to:
1. Enter upon the permittee's premises where a regulated facility or activity is located or conducted or where records must be kept under the conditions of this permit;
2. Have access to and copy, at reasonable times, any records that must be kept under the conditions of this permit;
3. Inspect at reasonable times any facilities, equipment (including monitoring and control equipment), practices, or operations regulated or required under this permit; and
4. Sample or monitor at reasonable times, for the purposes of ensuring permit compliance or as otherwise authorized by the federal Clean Water Act and the State Water Control Law, any substances or parameters at any location.
For purposes of this section, the time for inspection shall be deemed reasonable during regular business hours and whenever the facility is discharging. Nothing contained herein shall make an inspection unreasonable during an emergency.
X. Permit actions.
Permits Permit coverage may
be modified, revoked and reissued, or terminated for cause. The filing
of a request by the permittee for a permit modification, revocation and
reissuance, or termination, or a notification of planned changes or anticipated
noncompliance does not stay any permit condition.
Y. Transfer of
permits permit coverage. Permits are 1. Permit coverage is not transferable
to any person except after notice to the department.
2. Coverage under this permit may be automatically transferred to a new permittee if:
1. a. The current permittee notifies the
department at least 30 days in advance of the proposed transfer of the title to
the facility or property unless permission for a later date has been granted by
the department; 2. b. The notice includes a written agreement
between the existing and new permittees containing a specific date for transfer
of permit responsibility, coverage, and liability between them; and 3. c. The board does not notify the existing
permittee and the proposed new permittee of its intent to deny the permittee
coverage under the permit. If this notice is not received, the transfer is
effective on the date specified in the agreement mentioned in Part III Y 2 b.
Z. Severability. The provisions of this permit are severable, and if any provision of this permit or the application of any provision of this permit to any circumstance is held invalid, the application of such provision to other circumstances and the remainder of this permit shall not be affected thereby.