24VAC30-73-20. Authority to regulate entrances to systems of state highways.
A. VDOT's authority to regulate entrances and manage access to
highways is provided in
§§ 33.1-13, 33.1-197, 33.1-198, 33.1-198.1, and
33.1-199 §§ 33.2-223, 33.2-240, 33.2-241, 33.2-242, and 33.2-245
of the Code of Virginia. Each proposed highway entrance creates a potential
conflict point that impacts the safe and efficient flow of traffic on the
highway; therefore, private property interests in access to the highway must be
balanced with public interests of safety and mobility. Managing access to
highways can reduce traffic congestion, help maintain the levels of service,
enhance public safety by decreasing traffic conflict points, support economic development
by promoting the efficient movement of people and goods, reduce the need for
new highways and road widening by improving the performance of existing
highways, preserve the public investment in new highways by maximizing their
efficient operation, and better coordinate transportation and land use
B. The Commonwealth Transportation Board has the authority to
designate highways as limited access and to regulate access rights to those
facilities as provided in §
33.1-58 33.2-401 of the Code of
Virginia. No private or commercial entrances shall be permitted within limited
access rights-of-way except as may be provided for by the regulation titled
Change of Limited Access Control (24VAC30-401).
C. The district administrators or their designees are authorized to issue private entrance permits and commercial entrance permits in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
24VAC30-73-60. General provisions governing entrances.
A. No entrance of any nature may be constructed within the
right-of-way until the location has been approved by VDOT and an entrance
permit has been issued. The provisions of §
of the Code of Virginia shall govern any violation.
B. VDOT will permit reasonably convenient access to a parcel of record. VDOT is not obligated to permit the most convenient access, nor is VDOT obligated to approve the permit applicant's preferred entrance location or entrance design. If a parcel is served by more than one road in the systems of state highways, the district administrator's designee shall determine upon which road or roads the proposed entrance or entrances is or are to be constructed.
C. Entrance standards established by localities that are stricter than those of VDOT shall govern.
The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Floor area ratio" means the ratio of the total floor area of a building or buildings on a parcel to the size of the parcel where the building or buildings are located.
"Local traffic impact statement" means a traffic impact statement accepted or prepared by a locality pursuant to its land development approval process and whose requirements regarding content are set out in the locality's ordinances or published policies if such ordinances or policies have been reviewed and certified by VDOT as requiring acceptable standards of preparation and providing sufficient information to determine the current and future impacts of development proposals.
"Locality" means any local government, pursuant to § 15.2-2223 of the Code of Virginia, that must prepare and recommend a comprehensive plan for the physical development of the territory within its jurisdiction.
"Network addition" means a group of interconnected street segments and intersections shown in a plan of development that is connected to the state highway system and meets the requirements of the Secondary Street Acceptance Requirements (24VAC30-92).
"Pedestrian facility coverage" means the ratio of: (length of pedestrian facilities, such as sidewalks, foot paths, and multiuse trails, along both sides of a roadway) divided by (length of roadway multiplied by two).
"Receipt" means the date on which a proposal or request for a meeting is first in the possession of VDOT or a locality or an agent thereof, as applicable.
"Redevelopment site" means any existing use that generates traffic and is intended to be developed as a different or denser land use.
"Service level" means a measure of the quality, level or comfort of a service calculated using methodologies approved by VDOT.
"Small area plan" means a plan of development for multiple contiguous properties that guides land use, zoning, transportation, urban design, open space, and capital improvements at a high level of detail within an urban development area or for a transit-oriented development that is at least 1/2 square mile in size unless otherwise approved by VDOT due to proximity to existing moderate to high density developments. A small area plan shall include the following: (i) densities of at least four residential units per acre and at least a floor area ratio of 0.4 or some proportional combination thereof; (ii) mixed-use neighborhoods, including mixed housing types and integration of residential, office, and retail development; (iii) reduction of front and side yard building setbacks; and (iv) pedestrian-friendly road design and connectivity of road and pedestrian networks.
"State-controlled highway" means a highway in
Virginia that is part of the interstate, primary, or secondary systems of state
highways and that is maintained by the state under the direction and
supervision of the Commissioner of Highways. Highways for which localities
receive maintenance payments pursuant to §§
33.1-23.5:1 and 33.1-41.1 33.2-319
and 33.2-366 of the Code of Virginia and highways maintained by VDOT in
accordance with §§ 33.1-31, 33.1-32, 33.1-33, and 33.1-68 33.2-311, 33.2-312,
33.2-313, and 33.2-325 of the Code of Virginia are not considered
state-controlled highways for the purposes of determining whether a specific
land development proposal package must be submitted to meet the requirements of
"Traffic impact statement" means the document prepared in accordance with best professional practice and standards that assesses the impact of a proposed development on the transportation system and recommends improvements to lessen or negate those impacts.
"Transit-oriented development" means an area of commercial and residential development at moderate to high densities within 1/2 mile of a station for heavy rail, light rail, commuter rail, or bus rapid transit transportation and includes the following: (i) densities of at least four residential units per acre and at least a floor area ratio of 0.4 or some proportional combination thereof; (ii) mixed-use neighborhoods, including mixed housing types and integration of residential, office, and retail development; (iii) reduction of front and side yard building setbacks; and (iv) pedestrian-friendly road design and connectivity of road and pedestrian networks.
"Transportation demand management" means a combination of measures that reduce vehicle trip generation and improve transportation system efficiency by altering demand, including but not limited to the following: expanded transit service, employer-provided transit benefits, bicycle and pedestrian investments, ridesharing, staggered work hours, telecommuting, and parking management including parking pricing.
"Urban development area" means an area designated on a local comprehensive plan pursuant to § 15.2-2223.1 of the Code of Virginia that includes the following: (i) densities of at least four residential units per acre and at least a floor area ratio of 0.4 or some proportional combination thereof; (ii) mixed-use neighborhoods, including mixed housing types and integration of residential, office, and retail development; (iii) reduction of front and side yard building setbacks; and (iv) pedestrian-friendly road design and connectivity of road and pedestrian networks.
"VDOT" means the Virginia Department of Transportation, the Commissioner of Highways, or a designee.
"VDOT traffic impact statement" means a traffic impact statement prepared pursuant to 24VAC30-155-60.