[ CHAPTER 120
REGULATIONS GOVERNING CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION
8VAC20-120-10. Authority to promulgate; requirements for compliance with state and federal regulations.
These regulations are promulgated by the Board of Education
§ 22.1-216 § 22.1-16 of the Code of Virginia for
career and technical education programs funded in whole or in part with state
funds. Federal laws pertaining to such programs permit state regulations in
addition to federal requirements (see Carl D. Perkins Vocational and
Technical Education Act of 1998, 2006 (Perkins Act of 2006),
§ 121 (20 USC § 2341)).
Local education agencies operating career and technical
education programs shall comply with these regulations of the Board of
Education and requirements of applicable federal legislation, including the Education
Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) (34 CFR [
74.2) and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical
Education Act of 1998 2006.
The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall
have the following meanings
, unless the context clearly indicates
"Academic and career plan" means the student's program of study for high school graduation and postsecondary career pathway based on the student's academic and career interests. The academic and career plan shall be developed in accordance with guidelines established by the Board of Education. (Also see the definition of "program of study.")
"All aspects of an industry"
respect to a particular industry that a student is preparing to enter:
planning, management, finances, technical and production skills, underlying
principles of technology, labor and environmental issues related to that
industry means strong experience in, and comprehensive understanding of,
the industry that the individual is preparing to enter.
"Board" means [ that ] the
Board of Education [ , that ] is designated as the
State Board for Career and Technical Education to carry out the provisions of
the federal Perkins Act of 2006 and any new amendments or acts, and as such
shall promote and administer the provisions of agricultural education, business
and information technology, marketing, family and consumer sciences, health and
medical services, technology education, [ and ] trade
[ , ] and industrial education in the public middle
and high schools, regional schools established pursuant to § 22.1-26 of
the Code of Virginia, postsecondary institutions, and other eligible
institutions for youth and adults.
"Career clusters and pathways" means a grouping of occupations and industries based on commonalities. Sixteen career clusters provide an organizing tool for schools, small learning communities, academies, and magnet schools. Within each career cluster, there are multiple career pathways that represent a common set of skills and knowledge, both academic and technical, necessary to pursue a full range of career opportunities within that pathway, ranging from entry level to management and including technical and professional career specialties. Based on the skills sets taught, all CTE courses are aligned with one or more career clusters and career pathways. The states' career clusters refers to a clearinghouse for career clusters research, products, services and technical assistance for implementation of the states' career cluster framework for lifelong learning.
"Career and technical student
means those organizations an organization for individuals
enrolled in a career and technical education programs program
that engage engages in an annual program of work including
career and technical activities that are as an integral
part of the instructional program. These organizations may have state and
national units that aggregate the work and purposes of instruction in career
and technical education at the local level; if so, these organizations shall be
(i) National FFA Organization [ , formerly known as Future Farmers of
America ]; (ii) Future Business Leaders of America [ (FBLA) ];
(iii) Future Educators Association [ (FEA) ]; (iv)
Health Occupations Students of America [ (HOSA) ]; (iv)
(v) Family, Career and Community Leaders of America [ (FCCLA) ];
(v) (vi) [ DECA, formerly known as ] DECA: An
Association of Marketing Students; (vi) (vii) Technology Student
Association [ (TSA) ]; and (vii) (viii) Skills
[ USAVICA USA ]; and (ix) other student
organizations that may be approved at the state and national levels.
"Categorical entitlement" means the amount of funding a local education agency is eligible to receive for a specific purpose, subject to state or federal regulations and the availability of funds.
"Competency-based education" means
instructional system that focuses on competencies needed for specific jobs,
evaluation [ applied relevant ] learning
that contributes to the academic knowledge, higher-order reasoning and
problem-solving skills, work attitudes, [ general ]
workplace readiness skills, technical skills, and occupation-specific
skills, and knowledge of all aspects of an industry, including
entrepreneurship, of an individual. Evaluation of student progress is
based on standards of the occupation or field , and the maintenance of
student records of achievement in skill development.
"Cooperative education" means a method of
that combines career and technical classroom instruction with paid employment
directly related to the classroom instruction. Both student instruction and
employment are planned and supervised by the school and the employer so that
each contributes to the student's career objectives and employability. education
for individuals who, through written cooperative arrangements between a school
and employers, receive instruction, including required rigorous and challenging
academic courses and related career and technical education instruction, by
alternation of study in school with paid employment in any occupation field,
which alternation (i) shall be planned and supervised by the school and
employer so that each contributes to the education, employability, and career
objective of the individual; and (ii) may include an arrangement in which work
periods and school attendance may be on alternate half days, full days, weeks,
or other periods of time in fulfilling the cooperative program.
"Data" means information, both written and verbal, concerning career and technical education programs, activities, and students. Data include financial, administrative, demographic, student performance, and programmatic information and statistics.
"Department" means the Virginia Department of Education.
"Disadvantaged" means individuals (other than
individuals with disabilities) who have economic or academic disadvantages and
who require special services and assistance to enable them to succeed in career
and technical education programs. Such term includes individuals who are
members of economically disadvantaged families, migrants, and individuals who
are dropouts from or who are identified as potential dropouts from secondary
"Disability" means, with respect to an individual (i) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; (ii) a record of such impairment; or (iii) being regarded as having such an impairment.
"Displaced homemaker" means an individual who (i)
has worked primarily without remuneration to care for a home and family, and
for that reason has diminished marketable skills; has been dependent on the
income of another family member but is no longer supported by that income; or
is a parent whose youngest dependent child will become ineligible to receive
assistance under [
part Part ] A of
[ title Title ] IV of the Social Security Act
(42 USC § 601 et seq.) not later than two years after the date on which
the parent applies for assistance under such title; and (ii) is unemployed or
underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading
employment. "Employability skills" means the generic skills
related to seeking, obtaining, keeping and advancing in an occupation.
"Entitlement" means the amount of funding a local education agency is eligible to receive, subject to state or federal regulations and the availability of funds.
any instrument, machine,
apparatus, or set of articles which meets all of the following criteria: tangible
nonexpendable personal property including exempt property charged directly to
the award having a useful life of more than one year. 1. It retains its original shape, appearance, and character
with use; 2. It does not lose its identity through fabrication or
incorporation into a different or more complex unit or substance; 3. It is nonexpendable; 4. Under normal use, it can be expected to serve its
principal purpose for at least one year; and 5. Excludes supplies and materials as defined by the
Virginia Department of Planning and Budget's Expenditure Structure, May 2001.
"Extended contract" means a period of time provided to instructors for employment beyond the regular contractual period.
"Federal program monitoring" means monitoring and evaluation program effectiveness and ensuring compliance with all applicable state and federal laws.
"Follow-up survey" means the collection of information regarding the status of students following completion of a career and technical education program.
"Individualized education program" or "IEP" means a written statement for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in a team meeting in accordance with this chapter. The IEP specifies the individual educational needs of the child and what special education and related services are necessary to meet the child's educational needs (34 CFR 300.22).
"Individual with limited English proficiency" means a secondary school student, an adult, or an out-of-school youth who has limited ability in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language and (i) whose native language is a language other than English and (ii) who lives in a family or community environment in which a language other than English is the dominant language.
"Industry credential" means the successful completion of an industry certification examination or an occupational competency assessment in a career and technical education field that confers certification of skills and knowledge from a recognized industry or trade or professional association or the acquiring of a professional license in a career and technical education field from the Commonwealth of Virginia. The certification examination or occupational competency assessment used to verify student achievement must be approved by the Board of Education.
"Local career and technical education plan" means a
document submitted by a local education agency as prescribed by the Board of
setting forth proposed career and technical education programs,
services, activities, and specific assurances of compliance with federal
regulations describing how the career and technical education programs
required for funding will be maintained and how career and technical education
activities will be carried out with respect to meeting state and local adjusted
levels of performance established under Perkins Act of 2006, Accountability,
§ 113 (20 USC § 2323).
"Local education agency" means
the local school
division responsible for providing educational services to students; a board of
education or other legally constituted local school authority having
administrative control and direction of public elementary or secondary schools
in a city, county, town, school division, or political subdivision in a state,
or any other public educational institution or agency having administrative
control and direction of a career and technical education program a
public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within
a state for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a
service function for, public elementary schools or secondary schools in a city,
county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a state,
[ or for a combination of school divisions or counties that is
recognized ] in a state as an administrative agency for its public
elementary schools or secondary schools.
"Maintenance of effort" means the assurance that localities continue to provide funding for career and technical education (CTE) programs at least at the level of support of the previous year.
"Nontraditional fields" means occupations or fields of work, including careers in computer science, technology, and other current and emerging high skill occupations, for which individuals from one gender comprise less than 25% of the individuals employed in each such occupation or field of work.
"Performance measures" means core indicators of
performance for careers and technical education students at the secondary level
that are valid and reliable and that include measures identified in the
Accountability accountability ] section of
the Perkins Act of 2006 (20 USC § 2323).
"Program of study" or "plan of study" means planning a sequence of academic, career and technical, or other elective courses that (i) incorporate secondary education and postsecondary [ education ] elements; (ii) include coherent and rigorous content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant career and technical content in a coordinated, nonduplicative progression of courses that align secondary education with postsecondary education to adequately prepare students to succeed in postsecondary education; (iii) may include opportunity for secondary students to participate in dual or concurrent enrollment programs or other ways to acquire postsecondary education credits; and (iv) lead to an industry-recognized credential, license, or certificate or an associate degree at the secondary or postsecondary level or a baccalaureate or higher degree at the postsecondary level. (Also see the definition of "academic and career plan.")
"Section 504" means that section of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 791 et seq.), as amended, that is designed to eliminate discrimination on the basis of a disability in any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
"Special populations" means (i) individuals with disabilities; (ii) individuals from economically disadvantages families, including foster children; (iii) individuals preparing for nontraditional fields; (iv) single parents, including single pregnant women; (v) displaced homemakers; or (vi) individuals with limited English proficiency.
"Training agreement" means a
signed by the instructor, employer, parent or guardian, student, and school
administrator, which states the requirements affecting the cooperative
education student, the terms of the student's employment, and the
responsibilities of all parties involved written statement of commitment
from the student, the parent, the training station, and the
teacher-coordinator. It is a required formal document that spells out the
responsibilities of all involved parties in the cooperative education method of
"Training plan" means a required formal
document that identifies classroom and on-the-job instruction
contributes to the employability [ and on-going development ]
of each cooperative education student. (A recommended format is available from
the Department of Education.)
"Work station" means an area in a classroom/laboratory that includes the necessary environment, instructional and consumable materials, and equipment to enable each student to accomplish competencies within a career and technical education course.
"Workplace readiness skills" means a list of personal qualities and people skills, professional knowledge and skills, and technology knowledge and skills identified by Virginia employers that are essential for individual workplace success and critical to Virginia's economic competitiveness. These skills will be updated as required.
"Verified unit of credit" or "verified credit" means credit awarded for a course in which a student earns a standard unit of credit and achieves a passing score on a corresponding end-of-course Standards of Learning (SOL) test or an additional test approved by the Board of Education as part of the Virginia assessment program.
Administration of Career and Technical Education Programs
8VAC20-120-30. State/federal financial assistance.
Financial assistance shall be provided to support the operation, improvement, and expansion of career and technical education.
1. Financial assistance provided through entitlements resulting from full-time equivalent student enrollments shall be used to support career and technical education program operation.
2. Financial assistance provided through categorical entitlements shall be used to support the following:
a. Principals and assistant principals of technical education centers if at least 50% of their time is spent in career and technical education program administration or supervision;
b. Extended contracts of instructors for activities related to the coordination, development, or improvement of career and technical education programs;
c. Equipment included on the Recommended Equipment Approved
for Career and Technical Education Programs lists by the Department of Education
or local option approved by the Department of Education;
d. Adult occupational career and technical education to
provide opportunities for adults to prepare for initial employment, retraining,
or career advancement
e. Funding for industry credentials appearing on the Virginia Board of Education approved list.
3. No less than 60% of federal funds may be expended on required expenditures and up to 40% may be spent on permissive uses of funds as identified in the Perkins Act of 2006. If a school division does not meet the Perkins Act of 2006 performance measures, then the department may direct local expenditures toward uses of funds to improve the division's performance.
8VAC20-120-40. Local career and technical education plan.
Each eligible participant shall submit to the Department of
Education a local career and technical education plan for review and approval. The
local plan will be submitted as specified in federal legislation.
addition to the local career and technical education plan, an An
annual budget funding application will shall be submitted to the
department for review and approval.
8VAC20-120-50. Career and Technical Education Advisory [
Each local education agency or region shall establish a
general career and technical education advisory [
council committee ]
to provide recommendations to the local educational agency (or board) on
current job needs and the relevancy of career and technical education programs
offered and to assist in the development, implementation, and evaluation
of the local plan and application.
Councils Committees ] shall be composed
of members of the public, including students, teachers, parents, and
representatives from business, industry, and labor, with appropriate
representation of both sexes and racial and ethnic minorities groups
found in the school, community, or region served by the [ council committee ].
2. The [
council committee ] shall meet
at regular intervals during the year to assist in the planning, implementing,
and assessing of career and technical education programs.
8VAC20-120-70. Reporting requirements.
Local education agencies shall provide data on career and technical education for federal and state accountability requirements, planning, and evaluation as prescribed by federal legislation and the Department of Education.
Local education agencies [ (LEAs) ] shall participate in the federal program monitoring as prescribed by the Department of Education and as required by the Perkins Act of 2006.
8VAC20-120-80. Management of equipment inventory.
Local education agencies shall maintain a current inventory of all equipment items purchased in whole or in part with federal or state funds. Equipment purchased with state funds must:
1. Be acquired in accordance with state procurement laws and regulations;
a local match equal to the amount of state
funding that would provide maintenance of effort; and
listed itemized on the Recommended
Equipment Approved for Career and Technical Education Programs list provided by
the department Department of Education or local option approved by
the Department of Education.
Equipment purchased with combined state and federal funds must
be used in accordance with provisions of the Carl D. Perkins
and Technical Education Act of 1998 2006, and acquired and
disposed of in accordance with federal Education Department General
Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) and appropriate state procurement laws and
Operation of Career and Technical Education Programs
8VAC20-120-100. Access to career and technical education programs.
Career and technical education programs administered by local education
agencies receiving federal or state education funds shall be made equally
available and accessible to all persons
, regardless [ and ]
specifically prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, race, creed,
age [ , ] color, disability, or national origin
[ , ] religion, age, political affiliation, or veteran
status, or against otherwise qualified persons with disabilities.
8VAC20-120-110. New career and technical education programs.
The need for new
occupational career and technical
preparation programs shall be based on student interests and labor
market demands needs.
8VAC20-120-120. Program requirements.
A. Career and technical education programs shall be competency based and meet the following criteria:
1. Career and technical education programs are aligned with states' career clusters and career pathways that allow for utilization with academic and career plans;
2. State-established, industry-validated competencies are identified and stated;
2. 3. Competencies are specified to students
prior to instruction; 3. 4. Measures for successful performance of
individual competencies are identified, stated, and used to evaluate
achievement of competencies; 4. 5. A system exists for rating and documenting
the competency performance of each student; and 5. 6. Competencies shall address all aspects of the
an industry and employability workplace readiness skills.
B. Performance measures, as determined by the Department of Education, will be achieved annually.
C. Career and technical education programs must be provided in middle and secondary schools. The middle school must include a minimum of one career and technical offering. Each secondary school shall provide a minimum of three career and technical program areas to include a minimum of 11 course offerings.
D. Career and technical education programs must provide industry credentialing, certification, and licensure as approved by the Board of Education to meet requirements for verified credit.
8VAC20-120-130. Individualized programs for students with disabilities.
Essential competency profiles provided by the Department of
Education for career and technical education courses may be modified for
students with Individualized Education Programs
(IEP's) (IEPs) or
Section 504 Plans who are enrolled in career and technical education courses.
Such modification shall be made in conformance with IEP requirements as stated
in Regulations Governing Special Education Programs for Children with
Disabilities in Virginia (8VAC20-81). The modified list of essential
competencies must, as a group, be selected so that student attainment of the
essential competencies prepares the student for a job or occupation career.
8VAC20-120-140. Cooperative education.
A Career and technical education programs using the
cooperative education method of instruction shall:
1. Develop and follow a training plan and training
shall be developed and followed for each student receiving
training through cooperative education. 1. Career and technical education
programs using the cooperative education method of instruction shall: a. Be limited to an average of 20 students per instructor
per class period with no class being more than 24 where the cooperative
education method of instruction is required; b. Have a class period assigned to the instructor for
on-the-job coordination for each 20 students participating in on-the-job
training; and c. Specify provisions for instructor travel for on-the-job
coordination. 2. Parties to the training agreement shall include the
student, parent or guardian, instructor, employer, and a school administrator
[ .; and ]
2. Specify provisions for instructor travel for on-the-job coordination.
8VAC20-120-150. Maximum class size.
Enrollments in career and technical education courses shall not exceed the number of individual work stations.
1. Career and technical education laboratory classes that use equipment that has been identified by the U.S. Department of Labor for hazardous occupations shall be limited to a maximum of 20 students per laboratory. The career and technical education courses that have this restriction are published annually by the Virginia Department of Education.
2. Career and technical education courses designed specifically and approved for students who are disadvantaged shall be limited to an average of 15 students per instructor per class period with no class being more than 18.
3. Career and technical education courses designed specifically and approved for students with disabilities shall be limited to an average of 10 students per instructor per class period with no class being more than 12 or up to an average of 12 students per class period with no class being more than 15 where an instructional aide is provided.
4. Career and technical education programs offering classes that require the cooperative education method of instruction shall:
a. Be limited to an average of 20 students per instructor per class period with no class being more than 24; and
b. Have a class period assigned to the instructor for on-the-job coordination for each 20 students participating in the on-the-job training.
8VAC20-120-160. Career and technical education student organizations.
A. All career and technical education students shall be provided opportunities to participate in instructional activities of the local organization.
B. A career and technical education student
organization shall be an integral and active part of each secondary career and
technical program (grades 9, 10, 11, 12) offered.
C. Each middle school career and technical education program (grades 6, 7, 8) offered shall include co-curricular instructional activities related to the respective career and technical education student organization.
D. Where dues are collected for membership in such organizations, payment of such dues shall not determine a student's participation in instructional activities of the local organization.
8VAC20-120-170. Student safety.
A. Each career and technical education program shall include
health and safety standards, including protective eye devices, that are
applicable to the operation of that program,
which that shall be
made an integral part of program instruction.
B. Each career and technical education program shall comply with applicable federal and state laws and regulations related to health and safety.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (8VAC20-120)
Expenditure Structure, May 2001, Department of Planning and