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Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Final Text

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Action:
Repeal Three Regulations: [19 VAC 15 - 20] [19 VAC 15 - 30] [19 ...
Stage: Final
19VAC15-20

CHAPTER 20
REGULATIONS ESTABLISHING CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR FIRE INSPECTORS (REPEALED)

19VAC15-20-10

Part I
Definitions

19VAC15-20-10. Definitions. (Repealed.)

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Approved" means acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.

"Authority having jurisdiction" means the organization, office or individual responsible for "approving" equipment, an installation or a procedure.

"Basic knowledge" means a fundamental acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles.

"Bleve" means Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion.

"Candidate" means the individual who has made application to become a Fire Inspector I or Fire Inspector II.

"Code" means the 1993 edition of the Statewide Fire Prevention Code (SFPC) as adopted in 13VAC5-50-10 and set out in §§ 27-94 through 27-101 of the Code of Virginia.

"Code Requirement(s)" means the statement in a law, ordinance or legally adopted reference which mandates or guides a particular action or procedure, or restricts a particular action or procedure.

"Demonstrate" means to show by actual use, illustration, simulation or explanation.

"Fire Department" means the agency that provides fire suppression and other fire-related services.

"Fire hazard" means any situation, process, material or condition which, on the basis of applicable data, may cause a fire or explosion or provide a ready fuel supply to augment the spread or intensity of the fire or explosion and which poses a threat to life of property.

"Fire Inspector I" means the candidate who has demonstrated the knowledge and ability to perform the objectives specified in the standard for the Fire Inspector I level.

"Fire Inspector II" means the Fire Inspector I who has demonstrated the knowledge and ability to perform the objectives specified in the standard for the Fire Inspector II level.

"Fire Inspector III" means a Fire Inspector II who is qualified to perform as the technical and administrative supervisor of a group of fire inspectors or placed in charge of a particular branch or section of a fire prevention bureau and has demonstrated the knowledge and ability to perform the objectives specified in the standard for the Fire Inspector III level.

"Identify" means to physically select, indicate or explain verbally or in writing, using acceptable and recognizable terms.

"Inspection Warrants" means an order in writing, made in the name Commonwealth, signed by any judge or magistrate whose territorial jurisdiction encompasses the building, structure or premises to be inspected or entered, and directed to a state or local official, commanding him to enter and to conduct any inspection, examination, testing or collection of samples for testing required or authorized by the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code.

"Labeled" means equipment or materials to which has been attached a label, symbol or other identifying mark of an organization acceptable to the "authority having jurisdiction" and concerned with product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of labeled equipment or materials and by whose labeling the manufacturer indicates compliance with appropriate standards or performance in a specified manner.

"Listed" means equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization acceptable to the "authority having jurisdiction" and concerned with product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials and whose listing states either that the equipment or material meets appropriate standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.

"Local fire alarm" means any fire alarm device or system other than a municipal fire alarm system.

"May" means to indicate a recommendation or that which is advised but not required.

"Objective" means a goal that is achieved through the attainment of a skill, knowledge, or both, which can be observed or measured.

"Qualified" means having satisfactorily completed the requirements of the objectives.

"Refusal" means a deliberate interference; to place limitations; to deny an inspection or denial of entry.

"Regulation" means the statute, laws, ordinance or authorized rules by which something or someone is governed.

"Reasonable time" means normal hours of operations. During working hours of the building, structure, property or premises to be inspected.

"Shall" means to indicate a mandatory requirement.

"Working knowledge" means the ability to translate an understanding of facts, truths or principles into a desired action or application.

19VAC15-20-20

Part II
Administration

Article 1
Purpose

19VAC15-20-20. Purpose. (Repealed.)

The standards are designed as the basis for assuring that a Fire Inspector I has a clear understanding of the Fire Prevention Code, laws, rules, and regulations which have been adopted to make Virginia communities a safer place to live, work and play. Upon successfully completing the course, the student will have a clear understanding of how to conduct a fire prevention inspection and what action is required to have hazardous conditions corrected.

It is not the intent of this course to produce an experienced Fire Inspector or Fire Marshal, but to supply the basic knowledge and skills necessary for functioning at a satisfactory level in this position while continuing to gain experience and knowledge.

The students meeting these prerequisites will be certified as meeting the provisions of N.F.P.A. (National Fire Protection Association) Standards Number 1031 for Fire Inspector I as adopted by the Virginia Fire Services Board and incorporated by reference and made a part of these regulations.

Upon satisfactorily completing the Inspector I course, or meeting the requirement for equivalency, passing the test developed for this course of study and satisfactorily completing the field work, the individual will be certified an Inspector I.

19VAC15-20-30

Article 2
Instructors for the Course

19VAC15-20-30. Instructors. (Repealed.)

Instructors will be State Certified Fire Instructors who have experience and knowledge in the subject area or persons who have special knowledge or skills in a particular subject and who have been approved by the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-20-40

19VAC15-20-40. Law-enforcement subjects. (Repealed.)

Law-enforcement subjects will be taught by certified Department of Criminal Justice Services personnel.

19VAC15-20-50

19VAC15-20-50. Legal matters. (Repealed.)

Legal matters will be instructed by a representative from the Attorney General's office, a Commonwealth's Attorney, or an attorney who is knowledgeable in such matters.

19VAC15-20-60

19VAC15-20-60. Reference materials and teaching aids. (Repealed.)

The instructor may choose to use a wide variety of reference material and teaching aids; however, the subject matter will be taken from the currently state accepted BOCA (Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc.) Codes and the IFSTA (International Fire Services Training Association) manual 110-Fire Prevention and Inspection Practices promulgated by the Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development.

19VAC15-20-70

19VAC15-20-70. Additional reference materials. (Repealed.)

Other reference material may include:

Forest Fire and Related Laws, Virginia Department of Forestry

Uniform Statewide Building Code

Statistics from Virginia Fire Incident Reporting System

N.F.P.A. Handbook and Standards.

All other reference materials used shall be approved by the Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-20-80

Article 4
Field Training

19VAC15-20-80. Minimum field training. (Repealed.)

When the student has successfully completed the Fire Inspector I training, he shall work for a minimum of 15 hours in his own community under the supervision of an Inspector II having two or more years experience. If there is no such experienced Inspector in his community, he shall make arrangements for working with an experienced Inspector II from a neighboring community, state or federal agency.

19VAC15-20-90

19VAC15-20-90. Recommendation of certification; written report. (Repealed.)

The Inspector under whom the student works shall submit a written report recommending that the student be certified or he shall state why he feels the candidate needs additional training.

19VAC15-20-100

Article 5
Qualifications and Certification of Candidates

19VAC15-20-100. Qualifications of candidates. (Repealed.)

Any member in good standing of any fire department or fire brigade who is responsible for making Fire Prevention Inspections or Fire Safety Inspections may make applications to attend the course. Candidates who wish to be certified under the N.F.P.A. 1031 Standards shall successfully complete the Inspector I course.

19VAC15-20-110

19VAC15-20-110. Applications. (Repealed.)

Any individual who is responsible for fire inspection or prevention activities may make application to attend the Inspector I course. Course applications shall be approved by the Manager of Investigations and Inspections.

19VAC15-20-120

19VAC15-20-120. Course completion. (Repealed.)

Upon satisfactory course completion:

1. Those individuals who meet Department of Fire Program's Firefighter II qualifications and Department of Criminal Justice Services medical requirements will receive a Department of Fire Program's certificate for Inspector I; or

2. Those individuals not certified as Firefighter II will receive a certificate for completion of the Fire Inspector I course.

19VAC15-20-130

Article 6
Grading

19VAC15-20-130. Grading. (Repealed.)

All grades, reports, and records will be submitted to the Department of Fire Programs within 15 working days following the completion of the course. The procedure for grading will be as follows:

1. All written examinations shall include a minimum of two questions for each hour of mandatory instruction. This requirement likewise includes the classroom instruction on performance-oriented subject matter; however, those subjects which exceed five hours of instruction, 10 questions will suffice as an acceptable minimum.

2. All students shall attain a grade of 85% to satisfactorily complete mandatory training, and shall be tested at the mid-term and course final examination. Any student who does not attain 85% will be allowed one retest.

3. Performance testing, when utilized, will be graded on a satisfactory or unsatisfactory basis. A satisfactory rating on all performance testing will be required to satisfactorily complete the school. The determination of satisfactory or unsatisfactory performance on any performance test will be determined by the instructor administering the test.

19VAC15-20-140

Article 7
Attendance

19VAC15-20-140. Attendance requirements; notice of absence. (Repealed.)

No more than 10% absenteeism for the course will be allowed for any reason. Students who are absent will be required to make up any material missed. If for any reason a student must be absent from the class, he shall advise the instructor or the Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs immediately upon learning this fact.

19VAC15-20-150

Article 8
School Location and Dates

19VAC15-20-150. Schedule of class; selection of site. (Repealed.)

The Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs, will schedule Inspector I classes, as deemed appropriate, based on the number of inquiries and applications received. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will select the sites where the classes will be held based on availability of facilities and student interest.

19VAC15-20-160

Article 9
Failure to Comply With the Rules and Regulations

19VAC15-20-160. Duty of enforcement; grounds for disciplinary action. (Repealed.)

Any student who attends the course shall comply with the rules and regulations established by the Department of Fire Programs and the Department of Criminal Justice Services. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections or instructor will be responsible for the proper enforcement of all rules and regulations. Any student who, in the opinion of the instructor or Manager of Investigations and Inspections, fails to follow the rules or regulations, or who behaves in an unsafe or disruptive manner, may be removed from the class if deemed necessary. The instructor will report to the Manager of Investigations and Inspections immediately after the incident who may expel the individual from the school if after an investigation has been made such action is deemed necessary and appropriate.

Any student who is expelled will be deemed to have not satisfactorily completed the course and will not be awarded a certificate.

The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will immediately report the incident to the executive director of the Department of Fire Programs and to the student's supervisor. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will make a complete written report of the circumstances associated with the incident and submit it to the executive director of the Department of Fire Programs within 24 hours.

The rules and regulations will be in effect immediately upon the approval by the Department of Criminal Justice Services and the Virginia Fire Services Board, subject to the requirements of the Virginia Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq.) of the Code of Virginia. They will remain in effect until such time as they are amended or repealed.

19VAC15-20-170

Article 10
In-Service Training

19VAC15-20-170. In-service training. (Repealed.)

In order to remain certified and comply with the N.F.P.A. 1031 standards at the Inspector I level an individual shall attend a minimum of 16 hours of training every two years which is approved by the Department of Fire Programs. This training shall include the following:

Review of constitutional law

Update on state codes

Review of latest court decisions affecting code enforcement

Review of the fire prevention code

Update on code reference material and N.F.P.A. standards.

19VAC15-20-180

Part III
Candidates

19VAC15-20-180. Requirements of candidates. (Repealed.)

A. Candidates shall possess a valid driver's license for the Commonwealth of Virginia and shall identify state and local laws governing the operation of emergency vehicles.

B. Candidates shall demonstrate:

1. An ability to clearly express themselves orally;

2. An ability to clearly express themselves in writing;

3. A knowledge of occupationally related personal safety practices and procedures; and

4. Through tests, or interview, or both, their ability to interact with the public, under conditions of code enforcement, fire investigation, or fire prevention education duties, with tact, discretion, and without loss of authority.

C. The candidates shall meet the requirements specified for Firefighter II unless such requirements are waived by the executive director.

19VAC15-20-190

Part IV
Fire Inspector I Standards

Article 1
General

19VAC15-20-190. General. (Repealed.)

Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the legally established responsibilities and authority related to the performance of the inspector's duties;

2. A knowledge of the established procedure for modification of requirements;

3. A knowledge of the established appeals procedure and judicial review process for the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed;

4. A knowledge of other agencies which may be referred to for assistance in correcting hazards; and

5. An ability to initiate corrective procedures for fire hazards discovered during fire inspections.

19VAC15-20-200

Article 2
Flammable and Combustible Liquids

19VAC15-20-200. Properties of Flammable and Combustible Liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Identify and explain general properties of flammable and combustible liquids;

2. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of flash point;

3. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of ignition temperature;

4. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the basic effects of temperature and pressure on flammable and combustible liquids;

5. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of flammable and explosive limits;

6. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of specific gravity;

7. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of boiling point;

8. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the basic class of flammable and combustible liquids as defined by NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code;

9. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of toxicity; and

10. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of reactivity.

19VAC15-20-210

19VAC15-20-210. Storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Identify the fire hazards associated with the storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids;

2. Demonstrate the knowledge of the regulations and hazards attendant to the transfer of flammable and combustible liquids;

3. Demonstrate a knowledge of the regulations and fire hazards attendant to finishing processes that involve flammable and combustible liquids;

4. Demonstrate a knowledge of what may constitute possible sources of ignition during storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids;

5. Demonstrate a knowledge of conditions which might be conducive to creating explosive atmospheres in the storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids;

6. Demonstrate a knowledge of conditions associated with the typical storage, handling and use of flammable and combustible liquids; and

7. Demonstrate a working knowledge of regulations or code provisions related to the storage, handling or use of flammable or combustible liquids.

19VAC15-20-220

19VAC15-20-220. Underground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate a knowledge of:

1. Regulations and acceptable installation practices relative to underground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids;

2. Normal venting procedures and devices installed on underground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids; and

3. The normal requirements and acceptable installation practices relative to piping and valves attendant to underground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids.

19VAC15-20-230

19VAC15-20-230. Aboveground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the regulations and acceptable installation practices of aboveground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids;

2. An ability to determine if normal and emergency venting devices are being properly maintained;

3. A knowledge of drainage or diking systems, or both, that may be required for aboveground storage of flammable and combustible liquids; and

4. A knowledge of the requirements for an installation of piping and valves attendant to aboveground storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids.

19VAC15-20-240

19VAC15-20-240. Inside storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the regulations and acceptable installation practices relative to inside storage of flammable and combustible liquids;

2. An ability to determine if normal and emergency venting devices are being properly maintained;

3. A knowledge of drainage or containment systems which may be required for the inside storage of flammable and combustible liquids; and

4. A knowledge of requirements and acceptable installation practices relative to piping and valves attendant to the inside storage of flammable and combustible liquids.

19VAC15-20-250

19VAC15-20-250. Outside container storage for flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the regulations or code requirements relative to the outside storage of flammable and combustible liquids;

2. A knowledge of acceptable flammable and combustible liquid containers for outside storage;

3. A knowledge of acceptable locations and storage parameters such as aisle spacing, stacking, storing of containers in vertical or horizontal positions, relative to the outside storage of flammable and combustible liquids; and

4. A basic knowledge of container venting devices and venting practices.

19VAC15-20-260

19VAC15-20-260. Inside container storage for flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the regulation, including quantity limitations, that may exist for different occupancies relative to the inside storage of flammable and combustible liquids;

2. A basic knowledge of acceptable flammable and combustible liquid containers for inside storage;

3. A basic knowledge of the storage parameters such as aisle spacing, stacking, storage of containers in vertical or horizontal positions, relative to the inside storage of flammable and combustible liquids; and

4. A knowledge of normal and emergency venting devices or procedures acceptable for the inside storage of flammable and combustible liquids.

19VAC15-20-270

19VAC15-20-270. Flammable and combustible liquids fire extinguishment. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a knowledge of the basic techniques of flammable and combustible liquids fire extinguishment;

2. Demonstrate a knowledge of portable fire extinguisher operations and installation requirements for areas involving flammable and combustible liquids; and

3. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of fixed fire extinguishing systems required or installed for flammable and combustible liquids storage, handling or use.

19VAC15-20-280

19VAC15-20-280. Flammable and combustible liquids labeling. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate a basic understanding of the regulatory labeling and placarding systems used for flammable and combustible liquids identification.

19VAC15-20-290

19VAC15-20-290. Transportation of flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a basic understanding of regulations relative to the transportation of flammable and combustible liquids within the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed;

2. Have a knowledge of which agencies regulate the transportation of flammable and combustible liquids within the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed; and

3. Have a knowledge of which agencies offer assistance in handling flammable and combustible liquids emergencies in the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed.

19VAC15-20-300

Article 3
Compressed and Liquefied Gases

19VAC15-20-300. Properties of compressed and liquefied gases. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Identify the general properties of compressed and liquefied gases;

2. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the effects of temperature and pressure as they relate to compressed and liquefied gases;

3. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the definition of specific gravity particularly as it relates to compressed and liquefied gases; and

4. Demonstrate a knowledge of the differences between compressed and liquefied gases.

19VAC15-20-310

19VAC15-20-310. Storage, handling and use of compressed and liquefied gases. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Identify the fire hazards associated with the typical storage, handling, and use of compressed and liquefied gases;

2. Demonstrate a knowledge of possible ignition sources and fire causes involving compressed and liquefied gases; and

3. Demonstrate an understanding of the conditions which might be conducive to fire initiation and propagation involving compressed and liquefied gases.

19VAC15-20-320

19VAC15-20-320. Compressed and liquefied gases containers. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate the acceptable practices relative to compressed and liquefied gases container installation and storage.

19VAC15-20-330

19VAC15-20-330. Compressed and liquefied gases transfer operations. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate a basic knowledge of the practices and procedures involved in the transfer of compressed and liquefied gases.

19VAC15-20-340

19VAC15-20-340. Compressed and liquefied gases leaks. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate a basic knowledge of the means of compressed and liquefied gases leakage control.

19VAC15-20-350

19VAC15-20-350. Transportation of compressed and liquefied gases. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the regulations relative to the transportation of compressed and liquefied gases;

2. Have a knowledge of the agencies which regulate the transportation of compressed and liquefied gases within the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed; and

3. Have a knowledge of agencies which offer assistance in handling compressed and liquefied gases emergencies within the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed.

19VAC15-20-360

19VAC15-20-360. Fire extinguishment of compressed and liquefied gases. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a knowledge of the basic fire extinguishment practices and procedures for compressed and liquefied gases emergencies;

2. Demonstrate a knowledge of portable fire extinguisher operations and installation requirements for areas involving compressed and liquefied gases; and

3. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of fixed fire extinguishing systems required or installed for the storage, handling, or use of compressed and liquefied gases.

19VAC15-20-370

19VAC15-20-370. Labeling of compressed and liquefied gases. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate a basic knowledge of the regulatory labeling and placarding regulations relative to compressed and liquefied gases.

19VAC15-20-380

Article 4
Explosives, Including Fireworks

19VAC15-20-380. Properties of explosives. (Repealed.)

A. The Fire Inspector I shall identify the classifications of explosives (See NFPA 495, Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage and Use of Explosive Materials)

B. The Fire Inspector I shall understand the need for security of explosives.

19VAC15-20-390

19VAC15-20-390. Transportation of explosives. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall understand the regulations relative to the transportation of explosives, including fireworks, within the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed.

19VAC15-20-400

19VAC15-20-400. Identification of common hazards of explosives. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall identify the common hazards associated with the typical storage, handling and use of explosives, including fireworks.

19VAC15-20-410

19VAC15-20-410. Labeling of explosives, including fireworks. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a knowledge of regulatory labeling and placarding systems relative to explosives, including fireworks; and

2. Have a knowledge of the sources from which detailed or technical information on explosives, including fireworks, might be obtained.

19VAC15-20-420

19VAC15-20-420. Storage of explosives, including fireworks. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a knowledge of the code requirements and regulations for the storage of explosives, including fireworks; and

2. Have a basic knowledge of the type and construction of storage facilities required for the various classes of explosives.

19VAC15-20-430

Article 5
Other Hazardous Materials

19VAC15-20-430. General. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the regulatory labeling and placarding systems for various types and quantities of hazardous materials;

2. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the code requirements and regulations for the typical storage, handling and use of various types and quantities of hazardous materials; and

3. Possess a knowledge of sources of detailed and technical information about various hazardous materials.

19VAC15-20-440

19VAC15-20-440. Specific hazardous materials. (Repealed.)

Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a basic knowledge of the characteristics of corrosives and shall be able to name the more common corrosives;

2. Have a basic knowledge of reactive material characteristics and shall be able to name the more common reactive materials;

3. Have a basic knowledge of unstable material characteristics and shall be able to name the more common unstable materials;

4. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of toxic materials characteristics and shall be able to name the more common toxic materials;

5. Have a basic knowledge of radioactive material characteristics and shall be able to name the more common radioactive materials;

6. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of oxidizing material characteristics and shall be able to name the more common oxidizing materials;

7. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the general fire hazard properties of the various types of plastics; and

8. Demonstrate a knowledge of the code requirements and regulations for the typical storage, handling and use of natural and synthetic fibers.

19VAC15-20-450

19VAC15-20-450. Combustible metals. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. An understanding of combustible metal characteristics and shall be able to name the more common combustible metals; and

2. A knowledge of the code requirements and regulations to the typical storage, handling, and use of combustible metals.

19VAC15-20-460

19VAC15-20-460. Combustible dusts. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of combustible dust characteristics and shall be able to name more common combustible dusts.

2. Understand the basic fire and explosion characteristics of the various combustible dusts; and

3. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the code requirements and regulations relative to the typical storage and handling of combustible dusts.

19VAC15-20-470

Article 6
Fire Protection Equipment

19VAC15-20-470. Portable fire extinguishers. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a basic knowledge of the types of portable fire extinguishers (See NFPA 10, Standard on Portable Fire Extinguishers);

2. Demonstrate a working knowledge of portable fire extinguishers;

3. Demonstrate an ability to evaluate the operational readiness of portable fire extinguishers;

4. Demonstrate a knowledge of the capability of extinguishing agents and the proper method for agent application;

5. Demonstrate a knowledge of code requirements and regulations relative to the distribution and location of portable fire extinguishers; and

6. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of portable fire extinguishers maintenance requirements and procedures.

19VAC15-20-480

19VAC15-20-480. Fixed fire extinguishing systems. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic understanding of fixed fire extinguishing systems;

2. An ability to evaluate the operational readiness of fixed fire extinguishing systems;

3. A working knowledge of fixed fire extinguishing systems; and

4. A knowledge of the capabilities of the extinguishing agent and the proper procedures for agent application in a fixed fire extinguishing system.

19VAC15-20-490

19VAC15-20-490. Sprinkler systems. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of the different types of sprinkler systems (See NFPA 13, Standard on Sprinkler Systems.);

2. A working knowledge of sprinkler systems and their appurtenances;

3. An ability to evaluate the operational readiness of a sprinkler system; and

4. A knowledge of the capabilities or limitations of sprinkler systems.

19VAC15-20-500

19VAC15-20-500. Standpipe and hose systems. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of the types of standpipe and hose systems (See NFPA 14, Standard on Sprinkler Systems);

2. A working knowledge of standpipe and hose systems and their appurtenances;

3. An ability to evaluate the operational readiness of a standpipe and hose systems; and

4. A knowledge of standpipe and hose system equipment use and capabilities.

19VAC15-20-510

19VAC15-20-510. Private water supply systems. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of private water supply systems; and

2. An ability to evaluate the operational readiness of a private water supply system.

19VAC15-20-520

19VAC15-20-520. Heat, smoke and flame detection systems. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of heat, smoke and flame detection systems and devices;

2. An ability to evaluate the operational readiness of heat, smoke and flame detection systems or device; and

3. A basic knowledge of the proper installation locations of heat, smoke and flame detection devices.

19VAC15-20-530

19VAC15-20-530. Fire alarm systems and devices. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of local fire alarm systems and devices;

2. Demonstrate an ability to evaluate the operational readiness of local fire alarm systems and devices;

3. Demonstrate a knowledge of the warning capability of local fire alarm systems and devices;

4. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of municipal fire alarms systems;

5. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the interconnection between local and municipal fire alarm systems;

6. Differentiate between home, local, proprietary, central station, and municipal fire alarm systems; and

7. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the proper installation locations of fire alarm system components or devices.

19VAC15-20-540

19VAC15-20-540. Heating and cooking equipment. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of the fire hazards related to the various types of heating and cooking equipment;

2. A knowledge of the general fire safety safeguards incorporated in the various types of heating and cooking equipment systems;

3. A basic knowledge of the fire hazards and code requirements related to installation and fuel storage of heating and cooking equipment; and

4. A knowledge of sources of detailed and technical information about heating and cooking equipment.

19VAC15-20-550

19VAC15-20-550. Principles of electricity. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall have:

1. A basic knowledge of applied elementary electrical theory;

2. A basic knowledge of the construction of and safety devices used in electrical systems;

3. A basic knowledge of the fire and life hazards associated with the typical uses of electricity and electrical systems; and

4. A knowledge of sources of detailed and technical information related to electricity and electrical systems.

19VAC15-20-560

Article 7
Safety to Life

19VAC15-20-560. General. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall have a basic knowledge of the code requirements, regulations, basic operational features, and fire hazards presented by various occupancies and, particularly, public assembly, residential, business, mercantile, office, storage, industrial, manufacturing and utility occupancies.

19VAC15-20-570

19VAC15-20-570. Means of egress. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a knowledge of the means of egress requirements for various occupancies;

2. Demonstrate an ability to determine if existing egress facilities for the building, floor or room are adequate for the occupancy involved;

3. Demonstrate the ability to determine whether travel distances to exits are within allowable limits;

4. Demonstrate an ability to determine if there is adequate access to egress facilities;

5. Demonstrate an ability to determine if exits are properly illuminated, marked, placed, secured, openable and equipped with hardware;

6. Demonstrate an ability to distinguish between enclosed stairwells and smoke towers and to determine if general construction and access are properly maintained;

7. Demonstrate an ability to determine if egress paths are adequate in width and properly illuminated and maintained; and

8. Have a knowledge of the code requirements and regulations relative to the maintenance of means of egress from various occupancies.

19VAC15-20-580

19VAC15-20-580. Interior finishes. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. An ability to determine the proper interior finish for various areas of an occupancy, particularly that for egress paths;

2. An ability to conduct a field test of interior finish materials;

3. A knowledge of acceptable flame spread and smoke ratings for the various areas of an occupancy;

4. A knowledge of acceptable test methods and markings or labeling for interior finishes; and

5. A knowledge of the purpose and acceptability of fire retardant paints and impregnation treatments.

19VAC15-20-590

19VAC15-20-590. Building construction. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a basic knowledge of the features of fire protection and life safety related to building construction that are germane to various types of occupancies;

2. Demonstrate a knowledge of acceptable test methods and marking or labeling for building construction assemblies or devices;

3. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the types of fire doors and installation requirements;

4. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of where rated building construction is required;

5. Demonstrate a knowledge of building construction components installed for fire-related purposes including, but not limited to, fire stops, draft curtains, fire walls, smoke vents, chimneys, flues, and fire rated floor/roof ceiling systems;

6. Demonstrate a knowledge of the classes of roof covering;

7. Demonstrate a knowledge of the requirements for and construction of special building construction features including, but not limited to, projection booths, stages, proscenium openings, and flammable liquid storage rooms; and

8. Demonstrate a knowledge of building construction classification.

19VAC15-20-600

19VAC15-20-600. Building equipment. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a basic knowledge of the types of and installation requirements for building service equipment that are germane to various occupancies and which can, through their operation, affect fire protection and life safety;

2. Demonstrate a knowledge of the proper installation, maintenance and use of heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems from a fire safety standpoint including, but not limited to, attendant devices such as dampers, detection devices, thermostats, and operational controls;

3. Demonstrate a knowledge of the proper installation, maintenance and use of cooking equipment, including hoods and ducts; and

4. Have a basic knowledge of which other jurisdictional authorities may have requirements, or conduct inspections, involving life safety or fire protection.

19VAC15-20-610

19VAC15-20-610. Decorations, decorative materials and furnishings. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Have a knowledge of the basic fire safety requirements for decorations, decorative materials and furnishings; and

2. Demonstrate an ability to field test decorations, decorative materials and furnishings for acceptability and use in various occupancies.

19VAC15-20-620

19VAC15-20-620. Fire drills. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the requirements relative to fire drills which may be required within the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed; and

2. An ability to conduct or evaluate, or both, fire drills in various occupancies.

19VAC15-20-630

19VAC15-20-630. General fire safety. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall have:

1. A working knowledge of general fire safety code requirements and regulations including, but not limited to, trash and debris, smoking, open burning, maintaining fire department access, housekeeping procedures, reporting of fire incidents, and limiting combustible decorations and furnishings; and

2. A basic knowledge of the requirements, and the purpose of emergency evacuation plans.

19VAC15-20-640

Article 8
Code Enforcement Procedures

19VAC15-20-640. General. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall:

1. Demonstrate a knowledge of acceptable code enforcement procedures;

2. Demonstrate a knowledge of jurisdictional responsibilities of federal, state and local governments and organizations relative to code enforcement procedures;

3. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of anticipated human behavior relative to code enforcement;

4. Demonstrate a knowledge of local code enforcement procedures;

5. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the judicial system, particularly as it relates to code enforcement procedures;

6. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the legal processes as they relate to code enforcement procedures;

7. Demonstrate a knowledge of recommended courtroom demeanor as it relates to code enforcement procedures;

8. Demonstrate a basic knowledge of the moral and legal responsibilities associated with code enforcement procedures;

9. Be knowledgeable as to when licenses, or permits, or both, are required for the sale, use, storage or possession of hazardous materials;

10. Be knowledgeable of which processes and procedures of business operations involving fire protection equipment require licenses, or permits, or both; and

11. Demonstrate a knowledge of sources of information on code enforcement procedures.

19VAC15-20-650

19VAC15-20-650. Report preparation. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of report preparation; and

2. A knowledge of accepted filing techniques.

19VAC15-20-660

19VAC15-20-660. Code enforcement equipment. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate a basic knowledge of the essential equipment necessary to accomplish code enforcement including, but not limited to, elementary photography equipment and portable flammable and combustible atmosphere detection equipment.

19VAC15-20-670

19VAC15-20-670. Plans and specifications. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall be familiar with the procedures required for the processing of plans and specifications.

19VAC15-20-680

19VAC15-20-680. Fire cause determination. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall have a basic knowledge of the requirements, need and purpose for fire cause determination and fire investigation.

19VAC15-20-690

19VAC15-20-690. Miscellaneous. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector I shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of what is required in performing standby fire safety duties in public assembly occupancies;

2. A knowledge of the general procedures for handling complaints; and

3. A basic knowledge of building code contents and requirements.

19VAC15-20-700

Part V
Administration

19VAC15-20-700. Purpose. (Repealed.)

The standards are designed as the basis for assuring that a Fire Inspector II has a clear understanding of the Fire Prevention Code, laws, rules, and regulations which have been adopted to make Virginia communities a safer place to live, work and play. Upon successfully completing the course, the student will have a clear understanding of how to conduct a fire prevention inspection and what action is required to have hazardous conditions corrected.

It is not the intent of this course to produce an experienced fire inspector or fire marshal, but to supply the basic knowledge and skills necessary for functioning at a satisfactory level in this position while continuing to gain experience and knowledge.

The candidate for Fire Inspector II shall have satisfactorily met the standards for Fire Inspector I, as adopted by the Virginia Fire Services Board.

The students who successfully complete this course will be qualified as having met the requirements of § 27-34.2 of the Code of Virginia and may be granted the powers by their locality.

The students meeting these prerequisites will be certified as meeting the provisions of N.F.P.A. (National Fire Protection Association) Standards Number 1031 for Fire Inspector I and II as established by the Department of Fire Programs.

Upon satisfactorily completing the Inspector II course, or meeting the requirement for equivalency testing, passing the test developed for this course of study and satisfactorily completing the field work, the individual will be certified an Inspector II.

19VAC15-20-710

19VAC15-20-710. Instructors. (Repealed.)

Instructors will be state certified fire instructors who have experience and knowledge in the subject area or persons who have special knowledge or skills in a particular subject and who have been approved by the Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs.

Law-enforcement subjects will be taught by certified Department of Criminal Justice Services personnel.

Legal matters will be instructed by a representative from the Attorney General's office, a Commonwealth's Attorney, or an attorney who is knowledgeable in such matters.

19VAC15-20-720

19VAC15-20-720. Reference material. (Repealed.)

The instructor may choose to use a wide variety of reference material and teaching aids; however, the subject matter will be taken from the current state-accepted BOCA (Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc.) Codes and the IFSTA (International Fire Services Training Association) manual 110-Fire Prevention and Inspection Practices.

Other reference material may include:

Forest Fire and Related Laws, Virginia Department of Forestry

Uniform Statewide Building Code

Statistics from Virginia Fire Incident Reporting System

N.F.P.A. Handbook and Standards

All other reference materials used shall be approved by the Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-20-730

19VAC15-20-730. Field training. (Repealed.)

When the student has successfully completed the Fire Inspector II Program he shall work for a minimum of 15 hours in his own community under the supervision of an Inspector II having two or more years experience. If there is no such experienced Inspector II in his community, he shall work arrangements for working with an experienced Inspector II from a neighboring community, state or federal agency.

The experienced inspector under whom the student works shall submit a written report recommending that the student be certified or he shall state why he feels the candidate needs additional training.

19VAC15-20-740

19VAC15-20-740. Qualifications. (Repealed.)

Any member in good standing of any fire department or fire brigade who is responsible for making fire prevention or fire safety inspections may make applications to attend the course. All inspectors who wish to be granted the powers permissible under § 27-34.2 of the Code of Virginia shall successfully complete both the Fire Inspector I and Fire Inspector II courses. (See application.)

Any individual who is responsible for fire inspection or prevention activities may make application to attend the Inspector II course. Applications shall be approved by the Manager of Investigations and Inspections.

Upon satisfactory course completion:

A. Those individuals certified as Firefighter II (unless granted waiver by the Manager of Investigations and Inspections), who meet DCJS requirements, and who have completed the course requirements for Inspector II and § 27-34.2 of the Code of Virginia, will receive a certificate for Fire Inspector II.

B. Those individuals not certified as Firefighter II will receive a certificate for completion of the Fire Inspector II course.

C. To meet the training requirements of § 27-34.2, the candidate shall be certified in Parts I through VIII of this chapter (19VAC15-20-10 et seq. through 19VAC15-20-1080 et seq.).

19VAC15-20-750

19VAC15-20-750. Grading. (Repealed.)

All grades, reports, and records will be submitted to the Department of Fire Programs within 15 working days following the completion of the course. The procedure for grading will be as follows:

1. All written examinations shall include a minimum of two questions for each hour of mandatory instruction. This requirement likewise includes the classroom instruction on performance-oriented subject matter; however, for those subjects which exceed five hours of instruction, 10 questions will suffice as an acceptable minimum;

2. All students shall attain a grade of 85% to satisfactorily complete mandatory training, and shall be tested at the mid-term and course final examination. Any student who does not attain 85% will be allowed one retest; and

3. Performance testing, when utilized, will be graded on a satisfactory or unsatisfactory basis. A satisfactory rating on all performance testing will be required to satisfactorily complete the school. The determination of satisfactory or unsatisfactory performance on any performance test will be determined by the instructor administering the test.

19VAC15-20-760

19VAC15-20-760. Attendance. (Repealed.)

No more than 10% absenteeism for the course will be allowed for any reason. Students who are absent will be required to make up any material missed. If for any reason a student must be absent from the class, he will advise the instructor or the Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs immediately upon learning this fact.

19VAC15-20-770

19VAC15-20-770. School location and dates. (Repealed.)

The Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs, will schedule Inspector II classes as deemed appropriate based on the number of inquiries and applications received. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will select the sites where the classes will be held based on availability of facilities and student interest.

19VAC15-20-780

19VAC15-20-780. Discipline. (Repealed.)

Any student who attends the course shall comply with the rules and regulations established by the Department of Fire Programs and the Department of Criminal Justice Services. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections or instructor will be responsible for the proper enforcement of all rules and regulations. Any student who, in the opinion of the instructor or Manager of Investigations and Inspections, fails to follow the rules or regulations, or who behaves in an unsafe or disruptive manner, may be removed from the class if deemed necessary. The instructor will report to the Manager of Investigations and Inspections immediately after the incident who may expel the individual from the school if after an investigation has been made such action is necessary and appropriate.

Any student who is expelled will be deemed to have not satisfactorily completed the course and will not be awarded a certificate.

The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will immediately report the incident to the executive director of the Department of Fire Programs and to the student's supervisor. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will make a complete written report of the circumstances associated with the incident and submit it to the executive director of the Department of Fire Programs within 24 hours.

The rules and regulations will be in effect immediately upon the approval by the Department of Fire Programs, the Department of Criminal Justice Services and the Virginia Fire Services Board and will remain in effect until such time as they are amended or repealed.

19VAC15-20-790

19VAC15-20-790. In-service training. (Repealed.)

In order to remain certified and comply with the N.F.P.A. 1031 standards at the Inspector II level an individual shall attend a minimum of 16 hours of training every two years which is approved by the Department of Fire Programs. This training shall include the following:

Review of Constitutional Law

Update on State Codes

Review of latest Court decisions affecting Code Enforcement

Review of the Fire Prevention Code

Update on Code Reference material and N.F.P.A. standards

19VAC15-20-800

Part VI
Candidates

19VAC15-20-800. Requirements of candidates. (Repealed.)

Candidates shall:

1. Possess a valid driver's license for the state in which they are employed and shall identify state and local laws governing the operation of emergency vehicles;

2. Demonstrate an ability to clearly express themselves orally;

3. Demonstrate an ability to clearly express themselves in writing;

4. Demonstrate a knowledge of occupationally related personal safety practices and procedures;

5. Demonstrate through tests, or interview, or both, their ability to interact with the public, under conditions of code enforcement, fire investigation, or fire prevention education duties, with tact, discretion, and without loss of authority; and

6. Meet the requirements specified for Fire Inspector I unless such requirements are waived by the executive director.

19VAC15-20-810

Part VII
Fire Inspector II Standards

Article 1
Liquids, Gases and Fireworks

19VAC15-20-810. Flammable and combustible liquids. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of the effect of pressure on the design, size and contents or storage tanks and containers for flammable and combustible liquids;

2. A knowledge of the storage, handling and use conditions of flammable and combustible liquids which are most conducive to the initiation, propagation and spread of fire;

3. A knowledge of the installation and operational requirements of fixed fire extinguishing systems installed concomitant to flammable and combustible liquids storage, handling or use; and

4. A knowledge of how to abate the fire hazards associated with flammable or combustible liquid spills or leaks.

19VAC15-20-820

19VAC15-20-820. Compressed and liquefied gases. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A basic knowledge of the physical and chemical characteristics of compressed and liquefied gases and cryogenics;

2. A knowledge of the storage, handling and use conditions of compressed and liquefied gases which are most conducive to the initiation, propagation and spread of fire;

3. A knowledge of which organizations have codes or specifications relative to compressed and liquefied gases containers, cylinders, or tanks;

4. A knowledge of the requirements for marking, testing, repair, and maintenance of compressed and liquefied gases containers, cylinders or tanks;

5. A knowledge of the code requirements and regulations relative to quantity limitations, distances, physical damage and protection for aboveground containers for compressed and liquefied gases;

6. A knowledge of the special handling procedures for gas transfer operations involving compressed and liquefied gases;

7. A basic knowledge of the operation and use of excess flow check valves in compressed and liquefied gases piping and storage; and

8. A knowledge of how to abate the fire hazards associated with compressed and liquefied gases spills or leaks.

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a knowledge of the installation and operations requirements of fixed fire extinguishing systems installed concomitant to the storage, handling and use of compressed and liquefied gases.

19VAC15-20-830

19VAC15-20-830. Explosives, including fireworks. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of the requirements for security measures for explosives, including fireworks;

2. A knowledge of which federal or state regulatory agencies govern the transportation of explosives, including fireworks;

3. A knowledge of the effects of temperature and moisture on explosives, including fireworks;

4. A knowledge of sensitivity of stability characteristics of the various types of explosives, including fireworks; and

5. A knowledge of explosives storage facility construction and operation.

19VAC15-20-840

Article 2
Other Hazardous Materials

19VAC15-20-840. Natural and synthetic fibers. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a knowledge of the fire hazards associated with the storage, handling and use of natural and synthetic fibers.

19VAC15-20-850

19VAC15-20-850. Combustible dusts. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of code requirements and regulations governing combustible dusts; and

2. A knowledge of code requirements, regulations and basic installation practices relative to explosion suppression systems for combustible dusts.

19VAC15-20-860

19VAC15-20-860. Fire protection equipment. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate an ability to evaluate:

1. The proper installation and testing of all types of fire protection equipment including, but not limited to, fire doors, fire walls, fixed fire extinguishing systems, water supply systems, fire detection systems, and fire alarm systems;

2. The testing of portable fire extinguishers; and

3. The application, capabilities, testing and maintenance of fixed fire extinguishing systems.

19VAC15-20-870

19VAC15-20-870. Water supply systems. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a knowledge of:

1. Water system pressure and piping requirements;

2. Hydrant construction, location, and spacing; and

3. The factors that affect fire flow demands.

19VAC15-20-880

19VAC15-20-880. Heating and cooking equipment. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of:

1. The fire hazards related to the various types of heating and cooking equipment and systems;

2. The fire safety safeguards normally installed concomitant to heating and cooking equipment; and

3. The fire hazards and code requirements related to heating and cooking equipment installation and fuel storage.

19VAC15-20-890

19VAC15-20-890. Industrial ovens and furnaces. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of:

1. The fire hazards inherent to industrial ovens and furnace systems; and

2. The fire safety safeguards normally installed concomitant to industrial ovens and furnaces.

19VAC15-20-900

19VAC15-20-900. Safety to life. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a knowledge of the code requirements and purposes for rated interior finishes.

19VAC15-20-910

19VAC15-20-910. Means of egress. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A knowledge of how to calculate egress requirements;

2. An ability to determine the required location of exits; and

3. A working knowledge of acceptable means of egress devices including, but not limited to, doors, hardware, and lights.

19VAC15-20-920

19VAC15-20-920. Interior finishes. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A working knowledge for specifying interior finish requirements in various areas of a building according to its designated occupancy; and

2. An ability to evaluate tests and test reports of interior finish materials.

19VAC15-20-930

19VAC15-20-930. Building construction. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. A working knowledge of when to specify enclosed stairs, smoke towers or other methods of egress;

2. An ability to evaluate tests and test reports of building construction assemblies or devices;

3. A working knowledge of what types of fire door assembly are required for the protection of openings of fire rated wall and partitions;

4. An ability to evaluate the tests and test reports of fire doors;

5. A working knowledge of where fire rated building construction may be required for various occupancies; and

6. A working knowledge of the conditions which require that special fire-related building components be installed including, but not limited to, fire stops, draft curtains, fire walls, smoke vents, chimneys, flues, and fire windows.

19VAC15-20-940

19VAC15-20-940. Building equipment. (Repealed.)

A. The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of the conditions which require that fire related equipment be installed including, but not limited to, extinguishing systems, alarm systems, detection systems, fire dampers, kitchen hood and vent systems, standpipe and hose systems, and portable fire extinguishers.

B. The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of the proper installation of the equipment included in subsection A.

19VAC15-20-950

19VAC15-20-950. Decorations, decorative materials and furnishings. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate an ability to evaluate the tests and test reports on flame spread and smoke generation of decorations, decorative materials and furnishings.

19VAC15-20-960

19VAC15-20-960. Fire loads. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. An ability to calculate fire loads;

2. A working knowledge of acceptable fire loads for various occupancies; and

3. Knowledge of how to classify building contents according to hazard.

19VAC15-20-970

19VAC15-20-970. Occupant loads. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall:

1. Demonstrate an ability to calculate allowable occupant loads for various occupancies and building areas;

2. Have a working knowledge of code requirements, regulations, basic operational features and fire hazards presented by various occupancies; and

3. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the fire safety regulations and code requirements for industrial occupancies utilizing hazardous processes, equipment or materials.

19VAC15-20-980

19VAC15-20-980. Code enforcement. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a basic knowledge of:

1. Fire scene photography; and

2. The legal requirements pertaining to the admissibility of photographs in a civil or criminal court.

19VAC15-20-990

19VAC15-20-990. Plans and specifications. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. The ability to interpret plans and specifications and symbols related to construction plans and specifications;

2. An ability to read and interpret construction plans and specifications, and recognize standard symbols used by design;

3. A basic knowledge of acceptable construction methods and materials related to fire safety;

4. A knowledge of sources of detailed and technical information relative to plans and specifications details; and

5. A knowledge of the moral and legal responsibilities relative to plans and specifications examination.

19VAC15-20-1000

19VAC15-20-1000. Emergency evacuation plans. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate:

1. An ability to develop emergency evacuation plans for various occupancies;

2. A basic knowledge of anticipated human behavior during emergencies;

3. An ability to implement fire safety programs for crowd control;

4. A basic knowledge of the role played by each agency and person in implementing an emergency evacuation plan;

5. An ability to coordinate agencies involved in the development of an emergency evacuation plan; and

6. A knowledge of the sources of technical and detailed information relative to emergency evacuation plans.

19VAC15-20-1010

19VAC15-20-1010. Fire cause determination. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of fire cause determination procedures.

19VAC15-20-1020

19VAC15-20-1020. Miscellaneous. (Repealed.)

A. The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a knowledge of building code requirements as they may affect fire safety for the jurisdiction in which the inspector is employed.

B. The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate a knowledge of building height and area limitations as they may affect fire behavior.

19VAC15-20-1030

Article 3
Communication

19VAC15-20-1030. Communication. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall:

1. Demonstrate proficiency in communicating effectively and professionally through written, oral and mechanical media;

2. Understand and have a working knowledge of interpersonal communication;

3. Identify verbal and nonverbal factors which contribute to a negative response from the public; and

4. Given practical simulation role-playing exercises depicting stressful situations of interaction with the public, communicate properly and effectively with various types of persons.

19VAC15-20-1040

19VAC15-20-1040. Demonstrate how to properly use the telephone in communications. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall identify what shall be accomplished by a Fire Inspector II in a telephonic situation reflecting a law-enforcement problem which results in a positive image and effective communications.

19VAC15-20-1050

19VAC15-20-1050. Demonstrate proper standard radio-use techniques. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall demonstrate the ability to give clear and complete descriptions of persons, locations, and vehicles.

19VAC15-20-1060

Article 4
Report Writing

19VAC15-20-1060. Identify the basic techniques of notetaking. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall:

1. Identify uses of the inspector's field notes;

2. Identify the types of information that should be entered into field notes;

3. Given a practical simulation role-playing exercise, take notes during an interview in such a manner as to not discourage the person being interviewed from talking; and

4. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations, properly utilize the fire inspector's notebook by neatly and accurately recording all necessary information in a specified format.

19VAC15-20-1070

19VAC15-20-1070. Be able to demonstrate a basic understanding of report writing principles. (Repealed.)

The Fire Marshall II shall:

1. Identify the uses of fire inspection reports;

2. Identify essential characteristics of a good report;

3. Identify the questions that should be answered by a complete report;

4. Demonstrate the ability to write clear and concise reports.

5. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting law-enforcement problems, organize or write the facts in an appropriate report format;

6. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations, complete the primary reports similar to or used by the Fire Inspector's agency; and

7. Prepare a memorandum.

19VAC15-20-1080

Part VIII
Standards Relating to Issuing Summonses and Serving Warrants

Article 1
Issuance of Virginia Uniform Summonses

19VAC15-20-1080. Issue of Summonses. (Repealed.)

The Fire Inspector II shall:

1. Understand the process for issuance of Virginia Uniform Traffic Summons;

2. Describe the court procedures and violator's alternatives in dealing with an issued summons;

3. Give a blank Virginia Uniform Summons, a word-picture, or audio-visual presentation depicting a fire code violation, and legibly complete the form within the allotted time; and

4. Identify that the required signature on a citation is not an admission of guilt but a promise to appear.

19VAC15-20-1090

Article 2
Court System

19VAC15-20-1090. Court system. (Repealed.)

The inspector shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the organization and operation of the Virginia court system;

2. Identify the organizational structure, constitutional basis and primary responsibility for the Virginia Supreme Court, Circuit Court, General District Court, and magistrates;

3. Define jurisdiction and venue of the Circuit Court, General District Court, and the Juvenile and Domestic Court in the locality employing the fire inspector;

4. Identify the organizational structure of the U.S. Federal Courts;

5. Identify the purposes of bail, arraignment, preliminary hearing, indictment, and trial in criminal cases;

6. Define the difference between a judge and a magistrate;

7. Define the role and functions of the judge, bailiff, Commonwealth's attorney, and defense attorney in the courts; and

8. Given descriptions of several different crimes or violations, identify in which court each would first be tried.

19VAC15-20-1100

Article 3
Fire Inspection Warrants

19VAC15-20-1100. Fire inspection warrants. (Repealed.)

A. The Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of the proper procedures and legal requirements set forth in §§ 27-98.1 through 27-98.5 of the Code of Virginia for the issuance of a fire inspection warrant.

B. The Inspector II shall be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of the constitutional rights of the owner, operator, or agent in charge of a building, structure, property or premises in which the inspection is to be made.

C. The Inspector II shall demonstrate a working knowledge of Rules of Evidence.

19VAC15-30

CHAPTER 30
REGULATIONS ESTABLISHING THE CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR FIRE INVESTIGATORS (REPEALED)

19VAC15-30-10

Part I
Definitions

19VAC15-30-10. Definitions. (Repealed.)

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Basic knowledge" means a fundamental acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles.

"Bleve" means Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion.

"Candidate" means the individual who has made application to become a fire investigator.

"Code requirement(s)" means the statement in a law, ordinance or legally adopted reference which mandates or guides a particular action or procedure, or restricts a particular action or procedure.

"Demonstrate" means to show by actual use, illustration, simulation or explanation.

"Fire department" means the agency that provides fire suppression and other fire-related services.

"Fire hazard" means any situation, process, material or condition which, on the basis of applicable data, may cause a fire or explosion or provide a ready fuel supply to augment the spread or intensity of the fire or explosion and which poses a threat to life of property.

"Fire Investigator II" means any candidate who has demonstrated the knowledge and ability to perform the objectives specified in this standard for the Fire Investigator II level.

"Fire Prevention Bureau" means a section or agency of a fire department or other governmental jurisdiction which is responsible for fire prevention duties including, but not limited to, code enforcement, conduct of fire inspections, public relations, or public information work, fire investigation, the keeping of fire records and any other activity which may have as its ultimate purpose the prevention of fire and the reduction of life and property losses from fire. These sections or agencies may also be known as the Fire Prevention Division, Fire Marshal's Office, or other such terms.

"Fire Prevention Division" (See definition of Fire Prevention Bureau).

"Identify" means to physically select, indicate or explain verbally or in writing, using acceptable and recognizable terms.

"Labeled" means equipment or materials to which has been attached a label, symbol or other identifying mark of an organization acceptable to the "authority having jurisdiction" and concerned with product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of labeled equipment or materials and by whose labeling the manufacturer indicated compliance with appropriate standards or performance in a specified manner.

"Listed" means equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization acceptable to the "authority having jurisdiction" and concerned with product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials and whose listing states either that the equipment or material meets appropriate standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.

"Local fire alarm" means any fire alarm device or system other than a municipal fire alarm system.

"May" means to indicate a recommendation or that which is advised but not required.

"Objective" means that which is achieved through the attainment of a skill, knowledge, or both, which can be observed or measured.

"Qualified" means having satisfactorily completed the requirements of the objectives.

"Regulation" means the statute, laws, ordinance or authorized rules by which something or someone is governed.

"Shall" means to indicate a mandatory requirement.

"Should" means a recommendation or that which is advised but not required.

"Working knowledge" means the ability to translate an understanding of facts, truths, or principles into a desired action or application.

19VAC15-30-20

Part II
Administration

Article 1
Purpose

19VAC15-30-20. Purpose. (Repealed.)

This course is designed to prepare the student to become familiar with the procedure required for investigating a fire to determine if arson has been committed and, if so, what procedure he needs to follow in the investigation, interrogation, arrest and conviction of the person or persons responsible for the crime.

The candidates who successfully complete this course will be qualified as having met the requirements of § 27-34.2:1 of the Code of Virginia and may be granted police powers by their locality.

An individual appointed pursuant to § 27-36 of the Code of Virginia, who the governing body of a county, city, or town intends to authorize to have the same police powers as a sheriff or police officer in the investigation and prosecution of all offenses involving fire, fire bombings, bombings, attempts or threats to commit such offense, false alarms relating to such offense, possession and manufacture of explosive devices, substances or fire bombs, must comply with these regulations in their entirety.

An individual appointed pursuant to § 27-36 who the governing body of a county, city, or town does not intend to authorize to have the same police powers as a sheriff or police officer in the investigation and prosecution of the offenses listed in the paragraph above must comply with these regulations with the exception of 19VAC15-30-260, 19VAC15-30-270, 19VAC15-30-280, 19VAC15-30-1070, 19VAC15-30-1080, and Articles 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, and 18.

The candidates who have met the required prerequisites will be certified as having met the provisions of N.F.P.A. (National Fire Protection Association) Standards Number 1033 for Fire Investigator II as established by the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-30-30

Article 2
Instructors for the Course

19VAC15-30-30. Instructors. (Repealed.)

All police matters will be instructed by persons certified to teach in the basic police course for a local, regional or state police academy, by the Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS).

19VAC15-30-40

19VAC15-30-40. Legal matters. (Repealed.)

All legal matters will be instructed by a representative from the Attorney General's Office, a Commonwealth Attorney, or an attorney who is knowledgeable in such matters.

19VAC15-30-50

19VAC15-30-50. Fire and related investigation matters. (Repealed.)

All fire and related investigation matters will be instructed by an instructor approved by the Department of Fire Programs or the Department of Criminal Justice Services.

19VAC15-30-60

Article 3
Alternate Means of Certification

19VAC15-30-60. Alternate means of certification. (Repealed.)

A local fire chief may elect to send fire investigator candidates to a local or regional police academy to receive the basic police course, the candidate must then attend a Fire Investigator Course offered by the Department of Fire Programs, or attend a Fire Investigator course approved by the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-30-70

Article 4
Reference Material

19VAC15-30-70. Reference material. (Repealed.)

The instructor may choose to use a wide variety of reference materials and teaching aids; however, the subject matter which is included in the basic police course will be covered as outlined in the basic police package. The instructor may modify the material to be more appropriate for the fire investigator without changing the objectives set out by the Department of Criminal Justice Services or the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-30-80

19VAC15-30-80. Fire investigator course. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator course developed by the U.S. Fire Administration, National Fire Academy, will be used as the primary reference and aid source for this portion of the course.

19VAC15-30-90

19VAC15-30-90. Current legal decisions. (Repealed.)

The instructor on legal matters may use current legal decisions which will help the student obtain a clear understanding of the law and how it affects his investigation.

19VAC15-30-100

19VAC15-30-100. Other reference material. (Repealed.)

Other reference material may include, but not necessarily be limited to the following:

IFSTA Manual 110

N.F.P.A. Pamphlet 1033

Fire Investigation by Robert Carter

Arson Statistical Data, U.S. Fire Administration

Statistics from the Arson Division

Department of State Police

Rules Relating to Compulsory Minimum Training Standards for Law Enforcement Officers

19VAC15-30-110

Article 5
Field Training

19VAC15-30-110. Field training. (Repealed.)

When the candidate has successfully completed the Fire Investigator Course, he must work for a minimum of 40 hours under the supervision of an experienced fire investigator (investigator for two or more years) in his own community, he must make his own arrangements for working with a fire investigator from a neighboring community, state or federal agency.

19VAC15-30-120

19VAC15-30-120. Written report. (Repealed.)

The supervising fire investigator must submit a written report recommending that the candidate be certified or state if and why additional training is needed.

19VAC15-30-130

Article 6
Pursuit Driving

19VAC15-30-130. Driver training course. (Repealed.)

Every fire investigator who will engage in or be authorized to engage in pursuit driving, or who will have imminent possibility of becoming so engaged, shall successfully complete the driver training course as specified under the Department of Criminal Justice Services Training Standards.

19VAC15-30-140

19VAC15-30-140. Compliance with rules. (Repealed.)

No person employed after the effective date of the rules shall engage in pursuit driving until he is in compliance with these rules.

19VAC15-30-150

19VAC15-30-150. Vehicle pullover techniques. (Repealed.)

Pursuit driving training does not eliminate or replace Vehicle Pullover Techniques training prescribed in Article 11 (19VAC15-30-630 et seq.) of this chapter.

19VAC15-30-160

Article 7
Who May Attend the Course

19VAC15-30-160. Application. (Repealed.)

All candidates who wish to attend the course must submit an application to the Department of Fire Programs. Only those applicants directly involved in the investigation of fires or arson, or employed for the purpose of investigating fire or arson cases, will be allowed to attend the course.

19VAC15-30-170

19VAC15-30-170. Endorsement. (Repealed.)

The application must have the endorsement of the Chief Administrative Officer of the applicant's agency or organization. Application forms may be obtained from the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-30-180

Article 8
Grading

19VAC15-30-180. Grading. (Repealed.)

All grades, reports, and records will be submitted to the Department of Fire Programs within 15 working days following the completion of the course. The procedure for grading will be as follows:

1. All written examinations shall include a minimum of two questions for each hour of mandatory instruction. This requirement likewise includes the classroom instruction on performance-oriented subject matter. However, for those subjects which exceed five hours of instruction, 10 questions will suffice as an acceptable minimum.

2. Candidates must attain a minimum grade of 85% on all written examinations to satisfactorily complete mandatory training and shall be tested at mid-term and at the completion of the course. Any candidate who does not attain a minimum of 85% in the two grading categories of fire investigator and police powers other than firearms practical testing will be allowed one retest. If the candidate fails to achieve a passing grade he will be disqualified from completion of this course.

3. Performance testing, when utilized, will be graded on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. A satisfactory rating on all performance testing will be required to satisfactorily complete the school. The determination of satisfactory or unsatisfactory performance on any performance test will be determined by the instructor administering the test.

4. Firearms qualifications. Every investigator who will carry, possess or have access to for immediate use of a pistol, revolver, shotgun or other special weapons, shall successfully complete the appropriate training and qualify with the appropriate weapons, using the appropriate courses specified under 19VAC15-30-210 of this chapter, or if an appropriate course is not listed, using a course approved by the board.

No person employed after the effective date of the rules, shall carry, possess or use such firearms until he is in compliance with this regulation.

5. The following firearms training will be required for each person attending an approved school employed by a jurisdiction which allows the carrying of firearms.

a. Nomenclature and care of service revolver.

b. Safety (on the firearms range, on duty and off duty).

c. Legal responsibilities and liabilities of firearms.

d. Service revolver (handling, firing principles).

e. Dry firing and application of basic shooting principles.

f. Prequalification shooting (150 rounds, minimum).

g. Virginia Modified Double Action Course (70% minimum qualification required).

h. Qualification (70% minimum required) on one of the following record courses:

(1) Modified Tactical Revolver Course,

(2) Modified Practical Pistol Course,

(3) Virginia Modified Combat Course I, or

(4) Virginia Modified Combat Course II.

19VAC15-30-190

Article 9
Attendance

19VAC15-30-190. Attendance. (Repealed.)

No more than 10% absenteeism from the course will be allowed for any reason. Candidates who are absent will be required to make up any material that may have been missed. If for any reason a student is absent from the class, he will advise the instructor or Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs, immediately.

19VAC15-30-200

Article 10
School Location and Dates

19VAC15-30-200. School location and dates. (Repealed.)

The Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs, will conduct such classes as he deems appropriate based on the number of inquiries and applications received. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections will select the sites where the classes will be held based on availability of facilities and student interest. The basic fire investigator school shall be offered by the Department of Fire Programs a minimum of once each calendar year.

19VAC15-30-210

Article 11
Failure to Comply with the Rules and Regulations

19VAC15-30-210. Discipline. (Repealed.)

Any candidate who attends the training offered pursuant to this regulation must comply with the rules and regulations established by the Department of Fire Programs and the Department of Criminal Justice Services and approved by the Virginia Fire Services Board. The Manager of Investigations and Inspections, or instructor, will be responsible for the proper enforcement of all rules and regulations, and shall have the right to remove the student from a class if deemed necessary. Any student who, in the opinion of the instructor or Manager of Investigations and Inspections, fails to follow the rules or regulations, or who operates in an unsafe or disruptive manner, may be expelled from the school. Any student who is expelled will not satisfactorily complete the course or receive certification.

The instructor, or Manager of Investigations and Inspections, will immediately report the expulsion of a candidate to the Director of the Department of Fire Programs and to the candidate's supervisor. The instructor, or Manager of Investigations and Inspections, will make a complete written report of the circumstances associated with the incident and submit it to the Executive Director of the Department of Fire Programs within 24 hours.

The rules and regulations will be in effect immediately upon the approval by the Department of Fire Programs, the Department of Criminal Justice Services and the Virginia Fire Services Board and will remain in effect until such time as they are amended or repealed.

19VAC15-30-220

Article 12
Inservice Training

19VAC15-30-220. Inservice training. (Repealed.)

In order for the fire investigator to remain certified and comply with § 27-34.2:1 of the Code of Virginia, he must attend a minimum of 40 hours of training every two years, or as prescribed by regulations approved by the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-30-230

19VAC15-30-230. School approval. (Repealed.)

A school may be approved by making application to the Department of Fire Programs. The Department of Fire Programs may approve those schools which on the basis of curricula, instructors, facilities and any other requirements are deemed necessary by this office and provide the required inservice training as established by the Department of Fire Programs.

1. Mandatory. The subjects listed below must be used for the mandatory eight hours of training; however, it is not required that each subject be utilized and the number of hours assigned to the subject(s) is at the discretion of the school director.

a. Selected acts of the General Assembly.

b. Laws of arrest.

c. Juvenile laws.

d. Searches and seizures.

e. Rules of evidence.

f. Other legal subject (specify).

Total Hours = 8

2. Optional. Job related subjects selected by the locality to complete the remaining mandatory inservice training with approval of the Manager of Investigations and Inspections of the Department of Fire Programs. Other suggested subjects for inservice schools are:

a. Fatal fire investigation.

b. Forensic laboratories procedure.

c. Photography.

d. Report writing.

e. Public relations.

Management and supervision, Etc. (No more than four hours will be credited for certification).

3. Firearms training. Each fire investigator will be required every year to fire the required course twice using the highest score as the record. With prior approval of the executive director, a reasonable modification of the listed firearms course may be approved to accommodate qualification on indoor ranges. This section only applies to those jurisdictions that allow the carrying of firearms. Each candidate who does not carry or have access to a firearm shall furnish the Department of Fire Programs a letter stating that fact. Any student who has received a waiver will not be allowed to train with a firearm until he has received the basic firearms course.

The firearms course is as follows:

No more than eight hours will be accredited qualification

a. Handweapon/service revolver.

Modified Double Action Course

Target - Silhouette (B21, B21X, B27)

120 rounds (60 per course)

Double action only

Minimum qualifying score - 70%

Phase 1 - 7 yards, hip shooting, crouch position, 24 rounds Load six rounds, fire one round on whistle (two seconds), repeat Load six rounds, fire two rounds on whistle (three seconds), repeat Load six rounds, fire 12 rounds on whistle (30 seconds).

Phase 2 - 15 yards, point shoulder position. 18 rounds Load six rounds, fire one round on whistle (two seconds), repeat Load six rounds, fire two rounds on whistle (three seconds), repeat Load six rounds, fire six rounds, fire six rounds on whistle (12 seconds).

Phase 3 - 25 yards, 90 seconds, 18 rounds. Load six rounds on whistle: fire six rounds, kneeling, strong hand; reload fire six rounds, standing behind barricade, weak hand, reload fire six rounds, standing behind barricade, strong hand, reload (kneeling position may be fire using barricade).

Scoring:

B21, B21X targets - use indicated K valve with a maximum 300 points; divide by three to obtain percentage.

B27 target - 8, 9, 10, X rings - valve five points seven ring - four points other hits on silhouette - three points divided by three to obtain percentage.

b. Special weapons. All departments whose personnel possess or have available for immediate use, shotguns or other similar special weapons, shall design and require an appropriate qualification weapons program for all applicable personnel. The course, number of rounds to be fired and qualification score shall be determined by the department or training facility and shall be reported to the Department of Fire Programs and meet §§ 4.7 and 4.8 of Department of Criminal Justice Services Training Standards.

c. When the option of firearms recertification is offered the instructor will make part of his course material the firearms safety on and off the range.

19VAC15-30-240

Article 13
Grading

19VAC15-30-240. Grading. (Repealed.)

Grading of all inservice training shall be adopted by the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-30-250

Part III
Fire Investigator I Standards

Article 1
Orientation

19VAC15-30-250. Orientation. (Repealed.)

The candidate will complete all forms and administrative matters connected with the course. He will receive an overview of the purpose of the course. He will receive a class schedule and will be provided other information such as the attendance requirements and the criteria for passing the course will be discussed.

19VAC15-30-260

Article 2
The Role of Law-Enforcement

19VAC15-30-260. The role of law-enforcement. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator should acquire a basic understanding of the role of law-enforcement agencies within the framework of a free society: the role of law-enforcement in the community, criminal justice system, service professions, and in the governmental structure.

B. The fire investigator shall:

1. Define the role of law-enforcement in the community;

2. Define the three elements of the criminal justice system as the courts, law-enforcement, and corrections;

3. Define the elements of law-enforcement that relates to the other service professions; and

4. Identify the place of law-enforcement and criminal justice in the structure of government.

19VAC15-30-270

Article 3
Law-Enforcement Within the Criminal Justice System

19VAC15-30-270. Law-enforcement within the criminal justice system. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall know the justification, authority and limitations of law-enforcement agencies in general and of the investigator's law-enforcement agency as constituted by common law and statutory law in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

B. The fire investigator shall:

1. Describe the establishment of law-enforcement agencies in the common law of England and of the Commonwealth;

2. Describe the establishment of the investigator's own agency in statutory law in the Commonwealth;

3. Satisfactorily compare and contrast the powers of law-enforcement investigators and common citizens; and

4. Identify the primary function, jurisdiction, and areas of potential mutual assistance of various federal, state, and local law-enforcement agencies.

19VAC15-30-280

Article 4
Law-Enforcement as a Profession

19VAC15-30-280. Law-enforcement as a profession. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall understand the definition of a "profession" and be able to relate some ways in which law-enforcement does, or does not, match this definition.

B. The fire investigator shall:

1. Describe the principles that define a "profession;"

2. List the key points of the "Law Enforcement Code of Ethics" or the "Canons of Police Ethics," and relate these to professional standards;

3. Identify why law-enforcement investigators should be examples of high ethical and moral standards;

4. Discuss positive and negative aspects of discretionary enforcement of laws; and

5. Discuss positive and negative influences of a law-enforcement career upon an investigator's personal life.

19VAC15-30-290

Article 5
Protection of Life

19VAC15-30-290. Protection of life. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall know and understand the role of the law-enforcement investigator in the protection of life and safety, legal limitations of that role, techniques of protection of life and safety, and techniques to avoid endangering others in the performance of duty.

19VAC15-30-300

19VAC15-30-300. Laws on use of force. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall know the laws pertaining to the use of weapons and deadly force by law-enforcement investigators.

B. The fire investigator shall describe the fundamental elements of case law and statutory law pertaining to the justifiable use of deadly force by a law-enforcement investigator.

C. The fire investigator shall define the elements of justifiable use of deadly force.

D. The fire investigator shall explain the legal relationship between fear and the use of deadly force.

E. The fire investigator shall list and explain the factors and situations an investigator must consider when faced with the use of deadly force.

F. Given audio-visual presentations or word-picture descriptions depicting situations where deadly force may be necessary, the fire investigator shall state (with each situation) whether deadly force is justified and reasonable.

G. Given audio-visual presentations or word-picture descriptions involving homicide by a law-enforcement investigator, the fire investigator shall identify when the homicide is justifiable.

19VAC15-30-310

19VAC15-30-310. Safe handling and use of deadly weapons. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Know and demonstrate knowledge and skill in applying techniques for the safe handling and use of the standard deadly weapons used by law-enforcement investigators;

2. Demonstrate safe handling of handguns;

3. Demonstrate the safe handling of shotguns;

4. Properly clean the service handgun;

5. Demonstrate the principles of good marksmanship using the investigator's agency handgun; and

6. Demonstrate the commonly recognized shooting positions.

19VAC15-30-320

19VAC15-30-320. Handgun; day; range (target). (Repealed.)

A. Given a daylight range exercise with a time limitation and an acceptable score established by the school, agency, or academy board, the investigator shall fire a minimum of 25 target rounds on a handgun course consisting of single or multiple silhouette targets at ranges of one to 15 yards using the service handgun and "point (no sights) aiming."

B. Given a daylight range exercise established by the department, the investigator shall load, empty, and reload the service handgun utilizing the authorized agency ammunition and loading device worn by the investigator during regular duty assignment.

19VAC15-30-330

19VAC15-30-330. Handgun; night; range (target). (Repealed.)

A. Given a nighttime range exercise with a time limitation established by the school, agency, or academy board, the investigator shall fire a minimum of 25 target rounds on a handgun course consisting of single or multiple silhouette targets at ranges of one to 15 yards using the service handgun and "point (no sights) aiming" with an acceptable score.

B. Given a nighttime range exercise established by the school, agency, or academy board, the investigator shall load, empty, and reload the service handgun using the authorized agency ammunition and loading device worn by the investigator during regular duty assignment.

19VAC15-30-340

19VAC15-30-340. Handgun; combat; day range. (Repealed.)

A. Given a daylight combat range exercise with a time limitation and an acceptable score established by the department, the investigator shall fire a minimum of 60 rounds on a handgun course consisting of a multiple or single silhouette targets from both strong and weak hand barricade positions using the service handgun and point shoulder aiming.

B. Given a daylight combat range exercise established by the department, the investigator shall load, empty, and reload the service and loading device worn by the investigator during regular duty assignment.

19VAC15-30-350

19VAC15-30-350. Handgun; combat; night range. (Repealed.)

A. Given a nighttime combat range exercise with a time limitation and an acceptable score established by the school, agency, or academy board, the investigator shall fire a minimum of 50 rounds on a handgun course consisting of multiple or single silhouette targets from both strong and weak hand barricade positions using the service handgun and point shoulder aiming.

B. Given a nighttime combat range exercise established by the school, agency, or academy board, the investigator shall load, empty, and reload the service handgun utilizing the authorized agency ammunition and loading device worn by the investigator during regular duty assignment.

19VAC15-30-360

19VAC15-30-360. Safe use of nondeadly weapons. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall know and demonstrate knowledge and skill at applying techniques for the safe use of nondeadly weapons commonly used by law-enforcement investigators.

B. The investigator shall:

1. Identify the vital body points and bone edges that constitute police baton "target" areas;

2. Identify the portions of the human anatomy that are vulnerable to lethal blows by a baton and how to avoid them;

3. Demonstrate the proper use of the baton;

4. Demonstrate the acceptable baton techniques to be used in subduing an aggressive suspect, using proper foot work, coordination, and without losing body balance;

5. Given an exercise, use the baton to escape the aggressive grab of the investigator or baton by a suspect;

6. Identify the chemical agent devices as required by the investigator's agency;

7. Explain the factors to be considered in the decision to use a chemical agent;

8. Explain the best means for self-protection to be utilized when handling or deploying chemical agents;

9. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting situations calling for the use of chemical agents and including the factors that would influence the type of agents to be used, identify the type of agent(s) dictated by the facts to be used; and

10. Put on, clear and remove a gas mask.

19VAC15-30-370

19VAC15-30-370. Protective breathing apparatus. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall identify at least four hazardous respiratory environments encountered in the performance of his duties.

B. The investigator shall identify the physical requirements of the wearer, the limitations of the protective breathing apparatus, and the safety features of protective breathing apparatus.

C. The investigator shall demonstrate that the protective breathing apparatus is in a safe condition for immediate use.

19VAC15-30-380

Article 6
Unarmed Confrontations

19VAC15-30-380. Unarmed confrontations. (Repealed.)

The investigator shall know and demonstrate knowledge and skill at applying techniques for unarmed (bare-handed) confrontations against both armed and unarmed assailants.

19VAC15-30-390

19VAC15-30-390. Effects of training. (Repealed.)

The investigator shall:

1. Identify and discuss the effects that training has on the psychological and physiological forces which affect a person threatened with danger;

2. Identify the personal and agency liabilities that are potential whenever force is used; and

3. Specify why it is important to remain constantly alert in the most routine situations.

19VAC15-30-400

19VAC15-30-400. Basic principles of unarmed confrontation. (Repealed.)

The investigator shall:

1. Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of unarmed confrontation;

2. Identify the vulnerable areas of the body;

3. Identify those parts of the body which can be used to overcome resistance;

4. Demonstrate at least two control holds;

5. Demonstrate one recognized "take-down" tactic;

6. Given an exercise simulating suspect armed with a knife or club, the investigator shall demonstrate foot movements which will allow the investigator to counter or avoid the suspect's attack;

7. Identify the different techniques and metal preparation which can be used in disarming a suspect with various types of weapons as well as the dangers involved;

8. Given an exercise simulating a suspect within take-away range with a handgun, demonstrate front and rear gun take-aways; and

9. Given an exercise simulating a suspect within take-away range with a shotgun or rifle, demonstrate methods of disarming the suspect. (No alternative.)

19VAC15-30-410

Article 7
Communication

19VAC15-30-410. Communication. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall acquire proficiency in communicating effectively and professionally through written, oral and mechanical media.

19VAC15-30-420

19VAC15-30-420. Interpersonal communication. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of interpersonal communication;

2. Identify nonlanguage factors which contribute to a negative response from the public;

3. Identify factors which contribute to a negative response from the public; and

4. Given practical simulation role-playing exercises depicting stressful situations of interaction with the public, communicate properly and effectively with various types of persons.

19VAC15-30-430

19VAC15-30-430. Telephone. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Demonstrate how to properly use the telephone in police communications; and

2. Identify what must be accomplished by an investigator in a telephonic situation reflecting a police problem which results in a positive police image and effective communications.

19VAC15-30-440

19VAC15-30-440. Radio. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall (i) demonstrate proper standard radio-use techniques, and (ii) demonstrate the ability to give clear and complete descriptions of persons, locations, and vehicles.

19VAC15-30-450

19VAC15-30-450. Notetaking. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Identify the basic techniques of notetaking;

2. Identify uses of the investigator's field notes;

3. Identify the types of information that should be entered into the investigator's field notes;

4. Given a practical simulation role-playing exercise, take notes during an interview in such a manner as to not discourage the interview from talking; and

5. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations, properly utilize the investigator's notebook by neatly and accurately recording all necessary information in a specified format.

19VAC15-30-460

19VAC15-30-460. Report writing principles. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Be able to demonstrate a basic understanding of report writing principles;

2. Identify the uses of police reports;

3. Identify essential characteristics of a good report;

4. Identify the questions that should be answered by a complete report;

5. Demonstrate the ability to write clear and concise reports;

6. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting police problems, organize or write the facts in an appropriate report format;

7. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations, complete the primary reports similar to or used by the investigator's agency; and

8. Prepare a memorandum.

19VAC15-30-470

Article 8
Interview and Interrogation Techniques

19VAC15-30-470. Application of skills; persuasiveness. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall be able to apply the communication principles established in Article 7 (19VAC15-30-410 et seq.) and applicable constitutional law, rules of evidence, and laws of interrogation to conduct legal, fruitful interviews and interrogations and demonstrate improvement in persuasiveness.

19VAC15-30-480

19VAC15-30-480. Persuasion techniques. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall be able to:

1. Describe the advantages of a cool, impartial (fair), but not impersonal, approach;

2. Define a "good listener";

3. List the disadvantages of an impersonal (aloof) approach, a passive (weak-kneed) approach, and an indecisive approach;

4. Identify the advantages of communication effectiveness; and

5. Given a role-play simulation, demonstrate the ability to exert emotional control, listen well, remain impartial, assume responsibility, be decisive, and sell the investigator's point of view as reasonable.

19VAC15-30-490

19VAC15-30-490. Understanding of constitutionality; interview and interrogation distinguished. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall describe the impact of the following cases regarding the fifth, sixth, or fourteenth amendments to the U.S. Constitution on the admissibility of confessions or evidence obtained through interrogation:

1. Mallory v. Hogan, 378 U.S. 1 (1964)

2. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966)

3. Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 748 (1964)

4. Massiah v. United States, 377 U.S. 201 (1964).

B. The fire investigator shall accurately describe the applicability of the "Miranda" rule to audio-visual or word-picture depictions of interviews in various settings.

C. The fire investigator shall define the difference between an interview and police interrogation.

D. In a practical simulation exercise, the fire investigator shall demonstrate the ability to conduct a legal and fruitful interrogation of a suspect in a criminal investigation.

The fire investigator shall adequately transcribe his interview notes into reports of the preceding interviews.

19VAC15-30-500

19VAC15-30-500. Interviewing techniques. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall list the principles and techniques of interviewing.

A. In a practical simulation exercise, commence an interview, accurately determine the point at which the interview turns into an interrogation, provide the person with his constitutional rights and warnings; interrogate the person and make proper disposition of them.

B. In practical simulation exercises, approach, introduce himself to, calm, and properly conduct a preliminary interview.

19VAC15-30-510

Article 9
Arrest Procedures and Techniques

19VAC15-30-510. Arrest procedures and techniques. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall acquire the knowledge and skills required to make a safe, legal arrest while protecting the arrestee's rights and health and safety, the health and safety of other persons and the investigator's health and safety.

In all practical exercises throughout the course, the investigator shall refrain from violating the constitutional rights of any person.

19VAC15-30-520

19VAC15-30-520. Duties and constitutionality of arrest; probable cause. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall identify the pertinent provisions of the amendments of the U.S. Constitution and the impact each has upon a peace investigator's duties in making arrests.

The fire investigator shall identify the elements of "probable cause" to detain or investigate.

Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentation(s) depicting instances where "probable cause" for police action may or may not exist, the fire investigator shall identify its presence or absence and reasons behind this decision. (These presentations should include information given to an investigator and the dissipation over time questions.)

19VAC15-30-530

19VAC15-30-530. Elements of arrest; temporary detention distinguished. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall be able to:

1. List the elements that constitute an arrest;

2. Describe the elements that distinguish between an arrest and brief investigatory detention; and

3. Describe the distinction between an arrest and a traffic stop.

19VAC15-30-540

19VAC15-30-540. Powers of arrest. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Define distinctions between, and the effects on, an investigator's powers of arrest for felony and misdemeanor for the purpose of arrest; warrant and warrantless arrests; citizen's and investigator's powers of arrests; and probable cause and pretext or sham;

2. Be able to discuss some civil liabilities that can arise from performing an arrest;

3. Identify the fire investigator's right to search a person who has been arrested;

4. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting differing arrest situations, be able to identify the amount of force that may be used when effecting an arrest;

5. Be able to describe a fire investigator's authority to arrest;

6. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting "private person" arrests, determine if the arrest is legal;

7. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting arrest situations, explain what information the person arrested must be provided and at what time it must be provided;

8. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting an investigator(s) entering the premises to make an arrest, identify those situations where the legal requirements of such entry were fulfilled by the investigator(s);

9. Identify the requirements placed upon a person making an arrest of another;

10. Identify the instances where an investigator is not civilly liable for false arrest or false imprisonment arising out of an arrest;

11. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting arrest situations, identify what the investigator is required to do with the person arrested;

12. Identify when, for what, and how the investigator may search at a crime scene when an arrest is made; and

13. Identify when, for what, and how a law-enforcement investigator may make a body search of the arrestee.

19VAC15-30-550

19VAC15-30-550. Search procedures and techniques. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall be able to:

1. Describe the proper procedures and techniques for searches during the course of an arrest;

2. Demonstrate the principles of the search of an individual which maximize the effectiveness of the search and the safety of the investigator(s) in a practical simulation exercise;

3. Describe or point out on pictures those places on males and females where dangerous weapons or contraband may be concealed;

4. Identify the responsibilities as being those of a "covering investigator" when backing up another investigator conducting a search of an individual(s);

5. Identify the principles of a safe and effective search of a vehicle;

6. Conduct a safe and effective search of a vehicle;

7. Given a practical simulation exercise, safely and effectively serve as "cover investigator" while another investigator conducts searches of single and multiple suspects; and

8. Given a practical simulation exercise, safely and effectively conduct the search of a suspect(s).

The fire investigator shall make every effort to locate all weapons and items of contraband while staying within legal constraints and maintaining the maximum level of safety and security for the suspect.

19VAC15-30-560

19VAC15-30-560. Restraint devices. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall be able to:

1. Describe how to use restraint devices with single and multiple suspects;

2. Identify the fire investigator's agency's policy regarding the use of restraint devices on various types of prisoners;

3. Identify the purposes and limitations of restraint devices used on prisoners; and

4. In a simulated situation, safely and effectively handcuff single and multiple suspects.

19VAC15-30-570

19VAC15-30-570. Transport of prisoners. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Describe the proper method of transporting prisoners;

2. Identify elements of the safe transportation of prisoners;

3. Identify good general procedures to follow when transporting adult male/female prisoners, injured or sick, prisoners, and juveniles to include proper positioning within the vehicle; and

4. Safely and securely position simulated prisoners for transportation. This will minimally include single and multiple prisoners while working alone and with a partner.

19VAC15-30-580

19VAC15-30-580. Legally required records. (Repealed.)

The investigator shall demonstrate the ability to complete legally required records pertaining to an arrested subject (i.e., fingerprints and arrest records).

19VAC15-30-590

19VAC15-30-590. Patrol function. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall learn the knowledge and skills that enable an investigator to safely and effectively accomplish the patrol function.

19VAC15-30-600

19VAC15-30-600. Perception techniques. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand the factors involved in one's perception of others;

2. Identify the factors which affect perception accuracy by an individual; and

3. Understand and describe basic techniques for handling emotionally charged situations.

19VAC15-30-610

19VAC15-30-610. Observation techniques. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and improve basic observation skills;

2. Identify at least two means by which an investigator's skills of observation and perception can be improved; and

3. Given a simulated situation wherein the investigator observes a scene or activity for a period of time specified by the academy, the fire investigator shall describe the scene and activity.

19VAC15-30-620

19VAC15-30-620. Pedestrian approach. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand proper patrol techniques in approaching a pedestrian;

2. Identify those variables which must be considered when confronting a suspicious-appearing person who is on foot;

3. Identify why an investigator should approach pedestrian suspects on foot;

4. Identify the safest and most effective positions one or two investigators can take while interviewing;

5. Given a practical simulation exercise, demonstrate safe and effective tactics for approaching pedestrian suspects or suspects in a vehicle;

6. Identify reactions a field investigator should exhibit when encountering a plain clothes investigator in the field; and

7. Identify the hazards to an investigator when approaching a stopped vehicle on foot.

19VAC15-30-630

Article 10
[Reserved]

Article 11
Vehicle Pullover Techniques

19VAC15-30-630. Vehicle stops. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand effective techniques of vehicle stops;

2. Identify different types of vehicle stops;

3. Identify the elements to be considered when selecting the proper location to effect the "stop" of a vehicle;

4. Identify the advantages of noting and recording the license number and description of the vehicle an officer is about to stop;

5. Identify the several potential hazards in failing to closely watch the movements of occupants in a vehicle an officer is about to stop, is in the act of stopping or has already stopped;

6. Identify at least two techniques for gaining the attention of the driver of the vehicle which an officer intends to stop;

7. Identify the proper distance to maintain between vehicles once a vehicle stop is initiated;

8. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of an individual exiting a stopped vehicle;

9. Identify at least one area which affords the maximum protection for the officer from passing traffic while conducting a vehicle stop, using table-top cutouts;

10. Identify the proper positioning of a police vehicle when making a vehicle stop, using table-top cutouts;

11. Identify the basic principles of a misdemeanor violation stop;

12. Identify the basic principles of a felony vehicle stop;

13. Identify the safety techniques to be employed while making a felony vehicle stop as determined by the training agency;

14. Identify the acceptability of various types of personal identification during a vehicle stop; and

15. Identify the basic principles of an investigation stop based upon probable cause and other legal considerations.

19VAC15-30-640

19VAC15-30-640. Methods. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall understand proper methods of stopping a vehicle.

19VAC15-30-650

19VAC15-30-650. Stop and approach tactics. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall identify the tactics that should be employed in safely stopping and approaching different types of vehicles.

19VAC15-30-660

19VAC15-30-660. Building area search. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Know how to effectively search a building and an open space area;

2. Identify the elements of a safe and effective search for a suspect inside a building; and

3. Identify the elements of a safe and effective search of an open area for a suspect.

19VAC15-30-670

19VAC15-30-670. Tactical considerations; crimes-in-progress. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand the tactical considerations relative to crimes-in-progress;

2. Identify the methods for responding to crimes-in-progress and identify an example for each method;

3. Identify the criteria to be considered when determining the method to be utilized in responding to crimes-in-progress;

4. Identify the criteria upon which an investigator should base the selection of response route;

5. Identify the "tactical" responsibilities of the primary unit responding to a crime-in-progress; and

6. State considerations involved in tactical operations at scene of barricaded subject.

19VAC15-30-680

19VAC15-30-680. Handling disputes. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand how to handle calls involving disputes;

2. Identify the tasks which are a part of an investigator's basic responsibilities at the scene of a dispute; and

3. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting criminal violations and torts, identify those containing crimes.

19VAC15-30-690

19VAC15-30-690. Family disputes. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Gain the ability to handle family disputes;

2. Identify the inherent dangers to an investigator entering the home of a family involved in a dispute;

3. Identify advantages and disadvantages of separating parties to a family dispute and gathering information from them individually; and

4. Given a practical simulation exercise, handle a family dispute situation, meeting all criteria of safety, effectiveness, legality, and reasonableness.

19VAC15-30-700

19VAC15-30-700. Mentally ill. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Gain the ability to appropriately and legally deal with the mentally ill and abnormal behavior;

2. Identify characteristics of, and generally expectable actions from persons who are intoxicated, paranoid, schizophrenic, epileptic, diabetic and hallucinating;

3. For each abnormality type in 9.24.1, describe a proper method for dealing with, and proper disposition of, the person;

4. Identify a means of discriminating between drunk and an epileptic or diabetic;

5. Identify the factors to be considered when handling mentally disturbed or irrational persons; and

6. Given a practical simulation exercise, safely and properly deal with a person simulating mental illness.

19VAC15-30-710

19VAC15-30-710. Fire investigator survival. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand the mental, physical and tactical considerations for investigator survival;

2. Identify patrol techniques that minimize possibility of an investigator entering into an ambush "set up";

3. Identify the tactical steps to be immediately undertaken in sniper fire situations while on foot;

4. Identify the tactics which can be used by the driver of a vehicle that comes under sniper attack;

5. Identify the tactics which can be utilized by an investigator whose police vehicle has been hit with a firebomb;

6. Given a practical simulation exercise simulating an ambush or sniper situation, demonstrate procedures which minimize personal hazards; and

7. Identify the mental, emotional and physical preparation needed for the eventuality of a possible shooting situation.

19VAC15-30-720

19VAC15-30-720. Agency referral. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Gain knowledge relative to the agencies to which citizens can be referred.

2. Identify the services provided by the social service agencies, private and public, within the investigator's agency's jurisdiction; and

3. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations, determine the appropriate agency(ies) to which a citizen could be referred (local Department of Health and Social Services directories).

These situations should include those that the investigator is likely to encounter when assigned to the field.

19VAC15-30-730

Article 12
Search, Seizure and Evidence

19VAC15-30-730. Legal and ethical restraints on search and seizure of evidence. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall learn (i) the legal and ethical restraints upon search techniques for search with and without warrants; (ii) the legal restraints upon seizures resulting from searches; (iii) what is legal evidence; and (iv) how to obtain, store, and use of evidence in a legal manner.

19VAC15-30-740

19VAC15-30-740. Probable cause for searches. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the need for "probable cause" in searches and seizures;

2. Give a reasonable definition of "probable cause" to search and seize, or to obtain a warrant to do so;

3. List ways that probable cause may be established;

4. Describe the necessary communication of probable cause to a magistrate and why;

5. Given audio-visual presentations or practical exercises depicting situations where "probable cause" for search and seizure may, or may not exist, correctly decide if probable cause exists and support the decision with reasons; and

6. Define "search."

19VAC15-30-750

19VAC15-30-750. Concepts of evidence. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the concepts of evidence as defined and used in Virginia law;

2. Identify the definition of the term "evidence;"

3. Given word-picture descriptions, identify types of evidence or material related to the introduction of evidence in court, and recognize examples of each;

4. Identify the purposes for offering evidence in court; and

5. Identify the minimal tests which an item of evidence must successfully pass before it may be admitted into any criminal court.

19VAC15-30-760

19VAC15-30-760. Laws regarding search and seizure. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Have a working knowledge of the basic laws regarding rules of evidence and legal searches;

2. Identify effects of the "exclusionary rule" upon police actions and procedures;

3. Give the definition of the Hearsay Rule;

4. Identify exceptions to the Hearsay Rule;

5. Describe the conditions under which legally authorized searches may be made;

6. Identify the items for which an investigator may legally search;

7. Identify the limits of searches when conducted within such environments as indoors, outdoors, vehicles, abandoned property and at a crime scene;

8. Identify the types and definitions of relative searches;

9. Outline the procedure required to obtain a legal search warrant in Virginia;

10. List the major points to check on a search warrant to determine its validity;

11. Identify the liability of police investigators when making searches without warrants; and

12. List the procedure that must be followed after a search warrant has been executed.

19VAC15-30-770

19VAC15-30-770. Techniques of search. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Learn the basic methods of systematic searches of buildings, locations, and vehicles;

2. Describe several different systematic search techniques as determined by the academy;

3. Given practical simulation exercises, locate the predesignated physical evidence through the use of the appropriate organized search methods for such simulated search areas; and

4. Describe how search techniques must change as the nature of the search-for items changes.

19VAC15-30-780

19VAC15-30-780. Chain of evidence. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Gain a working knowledge of the role of physical evidence in successful prosecution of crime and basic methods for protecting the chain of evidence;

2. Define what is meant by the "chain of evidence" and why it must be maintained;

3. Describe the "burden of proof" for law-enforcement with respect to the chain of evidence;

4. Given exercises simulating crime scenes wherein items of evidence which would be reasonably associated with the alleged crime are present, identify these items as evidence;

5. Given an exercise simulating crime scene containing several types of evidence, identify methods for marking, packaging or tagging;

6. Given an exercise simulating an outside crime scene with the prospect of foul weather, identify the methods for preserving the evidence;

7. Describe procedures regarding the transmission of evidence to laboratory examination facilities;

8. Identify the differences between "latent fingerprints" and "plastic fingerprints" through the means by which they are located or developed; and

9. Given an exercise wherein a variety of latent and plastic prints have been placed on a number of items which vary in texture and color, locate the prints.

19VAC15-30-790

Article 13
Basic Law

19VAC15-30-790. Required understanding of basic law. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall understand and demonstrate a working knowledge of the criminal law of Virginia.

19VAC15-30-800

19VAC15-30-800. Basic legal concepts. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have working knowledge of the legal principles upon which Virginia criminal law operates;

2. Identify the difference between "spirit of the law" and "letter of the law";

3. Explain the difference between "common law" and "statutory law" in relation to Virginia law;

4. Describe how case decisions affect and clarify statutory law;

5. Describe the necessary elements of "a crime";

6. Identify the types of "intent";

7. Identify "principal" and "accessory" as defined by Virginia law; and

8. Give acceptable definitions of crime, felony and misdemeanor.

19VAC15-30-810

19VAC15-30-810. Virginia criminal law. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of basic criminal law and its effect on a law-enforcement investigator's duties;

2. Describe the effects of constitutional guarantees (such as the Bill of Rights) on the performance of law-enforcement duties; and

3. Define principal-first degree, principal-second degree, accessory before the fact and accessory after the fact in relation to parties to criminal offenses.

19VAC15-30-820

19VAC15-30-820. Larceny. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of larceny as defined in Virginia law;

2. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible larceny, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification;

3. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible defrauding of an innkeeper, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification; and

4. List the elements of larceny and the points that differ between grand larceny and petit larceny.

19VAC15-30-830

19VAC15-30-830. Extortion law. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of extortion.

B. Given word-picture or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible extortion, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, shall identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-840

19VAC15-30-840. Embezzlement law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of embezzlement as described in Virginia law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible embezzlement, the investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, shall identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-850

19VAC15-30-850. Forgery; fraud law. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the crimes of forgery and fraud;

2. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible forgery, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification; and

3. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible fraud, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-860

19VAC15-30-860. Burglary law. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of burglary as defined in Virginia law;

2. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible unauthorized entry of property, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification;

3. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible burglary, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification; and

4. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possession of burglary tools, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-870

19VAC15-30-870. Receiving stolen property law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of receiving stolen property.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible receiving of stolen property, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, shall identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-880

19VAC15-30-880. Trespass and malicious mischief law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crimes of malicious mischief and trespass.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible malicious mischief, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible trespass, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-890

19VAC15-30-890. Arson law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of arson as defined in Virginia law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible acts of arson, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possession of a "firebomb," the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-900

19VAC15-30-900. Assault and battery law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crimes of assault and battery as defined in Virginia law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible assaults, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible batteries, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-910

19VAC15-30-910. Aggravated assaults law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire inspector shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of aggravated assault.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations a depicting the possible infliction of corporal injury upon spouse, child or person with whom one is cohabitating, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible assaults with the intent to commit certain felonies, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

D. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible assaults with the intent to kill, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-920

19VAC15-30-920. Fire scene control. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of Virginia laws relative to public peace.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible unlawful assemblies, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a possible disobedience to a dispersal order, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

D. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible riot participation or incitement to riot, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

E. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible acts of lynching, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-930

19VAC15-30-930. Robbery law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of robbery as defined in Virginia criminal law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible robberies, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, shall identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-940

19VAC15-30-940. Abduction law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of abduction as defined in Virginia criminal law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible abduction, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-950

19VAC15-30-950. Murder law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crime of murder as defined in Virginia law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible murders, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible manslaughter, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-960

19VAC15-30-960. Sex crimes law. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the crimes constituting sex offenses as defined under Virginia law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible acts of indecent exposure, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible lewd acts upon a child, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

D. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible acts of sex perversion, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

E. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible sodomy, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

F. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting a rape or unlawful intercourse, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-970

19VAC15-30-970. Attempt; conspiracy; solicitation. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of attempt, conspiracy and solicitation as the term relates to crimes.

B. The fire investigator shall:

1. Define "attempt" as that term relates to crimes;

2. Define "conspiracy" as that term relates to crimes; and

3. Define "solicitation" as that term relates to crimes.

19VAC15-30-980

19VAC15-30-980. Obstruction of justice. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the laws relative to obstruction of justice and how to identify their elements.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible offering or accepting of a bribe, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting possible perjuries, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

D. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible impersonation of an investigator, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

E. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible obstructing of an investigator in the fulfillment of the investigator's duties, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

F. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible filing of a false police report, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-990

Article 14
Criminal Investigation

19VAC15-30-990. Criminal investigation. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall develop the knowledge and skills required of a field investigator as the first unit to discover or respond to a call at the scene of a crime.

19VAC15-30-1000

19VAC15-30-1000. Crime scene notes and sketches. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall learn how to take and use crime scene notes, and the ability to develop crime scene sketches.

B. Given an exercise simulating a crime scene, the fire investigator shall satisfactorily prepare crime scene notes.

19VAC15-30-1010

19VAC15-30-1010. Crime scene sketches. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Gain the ability to develop and utilize crime scene sketches;

2. Identify the value of crime scene sketches and their relationship to crime scene photographs; and

3. Given an exercise simulating a crime scene, prepare a crime scene sketch.

19VAC15-30-1020

19VAC15-30-1020. Information gathering and surveillance operations. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Learn the types and means of gathering information; and

2. Identify methods for locating and developing sources of information and informants.

19VAC15-30-1030

19VAC15-30-1030. Surveillance operations. (Repealed.)

A. The student will demonstrate a basic knowledge of surveillance operations, what tool and equipment may be needed for surveillance. He will demonstrate his ability to organize and conduct a surveillance operation for a given situation.

B. The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of surveillance techniques;

2. Describe the advantages of having cultivated the people who live and work in the surveillance area for gathering information and augmenting surveillance effectiveness;

3. Describe several techniques for surveillance from a camouflaged location; and

4. Identify the common errors that are often made when attempting to maintain a surveillance.

19VAC15-30-1040

19VAC15-30-1040. Courtroom demeanor. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Learn how to properly testify in court;

2. List benefits of impressive and professional courtroom demeanor and appearance;

3. Describe those steps required by an investigator in preparing to give courtroom testimony;

4. List the principles of effective presentation of testimony; and

5. Given an exercise, furnish or critique testimony in such a manner as to promote the development of professionalism and the administration of justice when faced with a variety of "attorney personalities."

19VAC15-30-1050

19VAC15-30-1050. Auto theft investigation. (Repealed.)

A. The student will understand the basic elements of automobile theft investigation.

B. Given an exercise, the fire investigator shall:

1. Complete those tasks appropriate for an investigator responding to the scene of an alleged automobile theft;

2. Identify the methods of locating vehicle identification number (VIN) by using the National Automobile Theft Booklet (NATB); and

3. Identify ways to determine if a parked vehicle has recently been operated.

19VAC15-30-1060

Article 15
Enforcement of Narcotics and Dangerous Drug Laws

19VAC15-30-1060. Narcotics and dangerous drugs laws. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the laws regarding, and the characteristics of, various narcotics and other controlled or abused substances.

19VAC15-30-1070

19VAC15-30-1070. Narcotics. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall have a working knowledge of the laws and specific characteristics of several forms of narcotics.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible possession of an instrument used for unlawfully injecting or smoking a controlled substance, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. When shown or given a description of heroin, the fire investigator shall identify it as a controlled substance, its common/slang names, the ways it is introduced into the body, common packaging methods, and short and long term effects on the user.

D. When shown or given a description of cocaine, the fire investigator shall identify it as a controlled substance, its common/slang names, the ways in which it is introduced into the system, common packaging methods, and short and long term effects on the user.

E. When shown or given a description of opium, the fire investigator shall describe the physical characteristics, its legal use, its slang name, common packaging methods, and effects on the user.

19VAC15-30-1080

19VAC15-30-1080. Controlled or abused substances. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a knowledge of the specific characteristics of controlled or abused substances and the laws relating to their use;

2. Identify the elements necessary to establish the offense of possession of a controlled substance;

3. Identify the elements necessary to establish the offense of possession of a controlled substance for sale;

4. Identify the elements necessary to establish the offense of transporting, selling and furnishing a controlled substance; and

5. List the elements necessary to establish the offense of possession of paraphernalia for the unlawful use of a controlled substance.

B. When shown or given a description of hallucinogens, the fire investigator shall identify it as a controlled substance, its common/slang name, methods of introduction into the body, common packaging methods, and effects on the user.

C. When shown or given a description of peyote in its common form, the fire investigator shall identify it as a controlled substance, its common/slang names, methods of introduction into the body, common packaging methods, and effects on the user.

D. When shown or given a description of depressants, the fire investigator shall identify it as a controlled substance, its common/slang names, methods of introduction into the body, common packaging methods, and effects on the user.

E. When shown or given a description of stimulants, the fire investigator shall identify it as a controlled substance, its common/slang names, methods of introduction into the body, common packaging methods, and effects on the user.

F. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations of marijuana, or being subjected to burning marijuana, the fire investigator shall recognize and identify it as resembling a controlled substance, its slang name(s), common packaging methods, effects on the user, and elements necessary to establish possession and possession for sale specific to marijuana.

G. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible cultivating or harvesting of marijuana, determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, the fire investigator shall identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

H. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible ingestion or inhalation of a volatile or poisonous substance, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-1090

Article 16
Handling Juvenile Matters

19VAC15-30-1090. Standards, procedures, and laws as to juvenile matters. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of the standards, procedures, and laws regarding the interactions of law-enforcement investigators with juveniles.

19VAC15-30-1100

19VAC15-30-1100. Juvenile law. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the laws and procedures relative to juveniles;

2. Identify the purpose of juvenile court law;

3. Describe the scope of the authority of the juvenile court. This identification will include the age requirement and the circumstances under which a juvenile comes within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court;

4. Describe the circumstances under which an investigator may take a juvenile into temporary custody;

5. Identify the requirements relating to the advisement of the constitutional rights to a juvenile taken into custody;

6. Describe the circumstances that give the law-enforcement investigator the right to enter a home without a warrant when the investigator suspects a juvenile is being physically abused, neglected, endangered or sexually exploited;

7. Identify the requirements pertaining to the segregation of juveniles from other prisoners;

8. Briefly describe various stages of a typical juvenile case proceeding from temporary detention through the juvenile court hearing; and

9. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting an investigator taking an injured or sick juvenile into temporary custody, identify the legal requirements for securing medical aid for the juvenile.

19VAC15-30-1110

19VAC15-30-1110. Crimes against children. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand and have a working knowledge of crimes against children as defined in Virginia law.

B. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible loitering about a school, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

C. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible annoying or molesting of children, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

D. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible abandonment or failure to maintain a child, determine if the crime is complete, the fire investigator shall identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

E. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible contributing to the delinquency of a minor, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

F. Given word-pictures or audio-visual presentations depicting the possible cruelty toward a child, the fire investigator shall determine if the crime is complete and, in any situation where the crime is complete, identify the crime by its common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-1120

Article 17
Vehicle Registration

19VAC15-30-1120. Vehicle registration and licensing. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Gain knowledge relative to vehicle registration and licensing; and

2. Identify vehicle licensing and registration violation(s) by common name and crime classification.

19VAC15-30-1130

19VAC15-30-1130. Issuing summons and warnings. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand the process for issuance of uniform traffic summons and warnings;

2. Describe the alternatives available to an officer as a result of a traffic situation;

3. Describe the court procedures and violator's alternatives in dealing with an issued summons;

4. Given a blank uniform traffic summons, a word-picture, or audio-visual presentation depicting a traffic violation, and a Motor Vehicle Code, properly and legibly complete the form within the allotted time; and

5. Identify that the required signature of a motorist on a citation is not an admission of guilt but a promise to appear.

19VAC15-30-1140

Article 18
Custody Procedures

19VAC15-30-1140. Custody procedures; booking process. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand the basic requirements of the booking process;

2. Identify the investigator's responsibilities for securing the personal welfare of those prisoners being controlled during the booking process;

3. Given word-pictures of types of adult prisoners, identify the "booking" process in conformance with the law and minimum jail standards an investigator must make for drunk prisoners, injured prisoners, sick prisoners, female prisoners, and mentally deranged prisoners;

4. Given word-pictures or types of juvenile prisoners, identify the "booking" process in conformance with the law and minimum jail standards; and

5. Identify the procedural alternatives open to an investigator upon booking a juvenile.

19VAC15-30-1150

19VAC15-30-1150. Crime information and communication systems. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the standard crime information and communication systems;

2. List the crime information/communication system currently in use;

3. Describe the security and confidentiality measures used on national and state crime information/communication systems and criminal history record information;

4. List the available data banks in the current crime information systems; and

5. Given a practical exercise, demonstrate a working knowledge of procedures to use the state criminal information/communication system.

19VAC15-30-1160

19VAC15-30-1160. Wants and warrants. (Repealed.)

A. The investigator shall know the procedures relative to "wants and warrants."

B. Given a word-picture or audio-visual presentation depicting a possible want or warrant situation, the fire investigator shall correctly identify the legal procedures in determining if there are any wants or warrants on persons or property, using police radio or computer terminals.

19VAC15-30-1170

19VAC15-30-1170. License identification. (Repealed.)

A. The fire investigator shall understand the various forms of identification and how to determine their acceptability.

B. Given an exercise, through a process of interview and other methods of screening, the fire investigator shall determine the acceptability of various types of identification presented.

C. The fire investigator shall identify at least one valid reason why it is important that an investigator check both the validity and authenticity of a motorist's operator's license.

19VAC15-30-1180

Article 19
Court System

19VAC15-30-1180. Organization and operation of courts. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall:

1. Understand and have a working knowledge of the organization and operation of the Virginia court system;

2. Identify the organizational structure, constitutional basis and primary responsibility for the Virginia Supreme Court, Intermediate Court of Appeals, Circuit Court, General District Court, and magistrates;

3. Define jurisdiction and venue of the courts listed in Titles 16.1 and 17 of the Code of Virginia;

4. Identify the organizational structure of the U.S. Federal Courts;

5. Identify the purposes of bail, arraignment, preliminary hearing, indictment, and trial in criminal cases;

6. Define the difference between a judge and a magistrate.

7. Define the role and functions of the judge, bailiff, Commonwealth's attorney, and defense attorney in the courts;

8. Given descriptions of several different crimes or violations, identify in which court each would first be tried; and

9. Identify the differences between civil and criminal law.

19VAC15-30-1190

Article 20
Fire Behavior

19VAC15-30-1190. Behavior of fire. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to define the phenomenon of fire.

19VAC15-30-1200

19VAC15-30-1200. Chemistry of fire. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the chemistry of fire.

19VAC15-30-1210

19VAC15-30-1210. Classifications of fire. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe and define each of the four classifications of fire.

19VAC15-30-1220

19VAC15-30-1220. Backdrafts; flashovers. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain how fire investigations may be affected by "backdrafts" or "flashovers."

19VAC15-30-1230

19VAC15-30-1230. Combustion by-products. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to name and describe each of the four categories of combustion by-products.

19VAC15-30-1240

19VAC15-30-1240. Fire gases. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to name and describe the various fire gases produced in most structural fires.

19VAC15-30-1250

Article 21
Building Construction and Fire Investigation

19VAC15-30-1250. Classifications of building construction. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the classifications of building construction.

19VAC15-30-1260

19VAC15-30-1260. Structural loads and loading. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain structural loads and loading.

19VAC15-30-1270

19VAC15-30-1270. Significant building elements. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to define significant building elements.

19VAC15-30-1280

19VAC15-30-1280. Structural fire protection. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the various systems of structural fire protection.

19VAC15-30-1290

19VAC15-30-1290. Effect of construction type on spread of fire. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe how various common construction types affect the spread of fire.

19VAC15-30-1300

Article 22
Determining Point of Origin

19VAC15-30-1300. Point of origin. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain the relationship between the point of origin and the fire cause.

19VAC15-30-1310

19VAC15-30-1310. Initial investigation procedures. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the initial investigation procedures and concerns of which the investigator must be aware.

19VAC15-30-1320

19VAC15-30-1320. Locating point of origin. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the steps to be taken to locate the point of origin.

19VAC15-30-1330

19VAC15-30-1330. Precautions. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the precautions to be aware of when determining the point of origin.

19VAC15-30-1340

Article 23
Motivation of the Firesetter

19VAC15-30-1340. Motivation of firesetter. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall demonstrate a knowledge of anticipated human motivation and behavior patterns related to false alarm, fire, explosions and incendiarism and the motives thereof.

19VAC15-30-1350

19VAC15-30-1350. Distinction between "motive" and "intent". (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall explain the difference between "motive" and "intent" as they relate to the actions of the firesetter.

19VAC15-30-1360

19VAC15-30-1360. Fraud. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall define and describe the act of fraud and list various examples of both direct and indirect fraud motives.

19VAC15-30-1370

19VAC15-30-1370. Pyromania. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall define pyromania and list common characteristics of male and female pyromania.

19VAC15-30-1380

19VAC15-30-1380. Motives for arson. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator shall list and describe other motives common to the act of arson.

19VAC15-30-1390

Article 24
Accidental Fire Causes

19VAC15-30-1390. Fire causes. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to define fire cause and list the two types of fire causes.

19VAC15-30-1400

19VAC15-30-1400. Lies about fires. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain why owners/occupants may lie about accidental fires.

19VAC15-30-1410

19VAC15-30-1410. Accidental fires. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list various major accidental fire causes and describe various indicators which may help to identify those causes.

19VAC15-30-1420

19VAC15-30-1420. Expert assistance. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain where expert assistance can usually be obtained to aid the investigator in determining actual fire causes.

19VAC15-30-1430

Article 25
Incendiary Fires and Fire Causes

19VAC15-30-1430. Incendiary fires. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list and describe various common situations which indicate a given fire to be of incendiary origin.

19VAC15-30-1440

19VAC15-30-1440. Flammable liquids. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list and describe various indicators which help to identify the presence of flammable liquids in structural fires.

19VAC15-30-1450

19VAC15-30-1450. Extreme heat. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe how extreme heat can be identified and why such evidence can help to identify incendiary fires.

19VAC15-30-1460

19VAC15-30-1460. Appliances and equipment. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list and describe how common appliances and equipment are frequently used to start or increase the destruction produced by incendiary fires.

19VAC15-30-1470

Article 26
Basics of Insurance and the Investigator

19VAC15-30-1470. Insurance. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to identify and describe the provisions of standard fire insurance policies which define the rights of insurance companies.

19VAC15-30-1480

19VAC15-30-1480. Insurance and arson. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain how insurance companies help in the overall fight against arson and unlawful burning.

19VAC15-30-1490

19VAC15-30-1490. Defense against arson. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain how an insurance company can often successfully defend against arson with less evidence than is required for a criminal case.

19VAC15-30-1500

Article 27
Photography

19VAC15-30-1500. Camera operations and features. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to name and explain various camera operations and features.

19VAC15-30-1510

19VAC15-30-1510. Methods of storage of prints, slides, and negatives. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the proper methods of storage of prints, slides, and negatives.

19VAC15-30-1520

19VAC15-30-1520. Preservation of chain of evidence. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain how to preserve the chain of evidence as it relates to investigation photography.

19VAC15-30-1530

19VAC15-30-1530. Use of photography. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the proper use of photography as it relates to courtroom presentations.

19VAC15-30-1540

Article 28
Fire Scene Sketching

19VAC15-30-1540. Purpose of sketches. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list the primary purpose of fire scene sketches.

19VAC15-30-1550

19VAC15-30-1550. Definition of sketching. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to define sketching.

19VAC15-30-1560

19VAC15-30-1560. Types of sketching. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list the types of sketches often used in fire investigation.

19VAC15-30-1570

19VAC15-30-1570. Legends. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the use of legends on fire scene sketches.

19VAC15-30-1580

19VAC15-30-1580. Two and three dimensional sketches. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to identify and describe two and three dimensional sketches.

19VAC15-30-1590

19VAC15-30-1590. Plotting methods. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the various plotting methods used in fire scene sketches.

19VAC15-30-1600

Article 29
Fire Scene Investigation

19VAC15-30-1600. Description of recorded information at scene. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the information which is to be recorded concerning fire fighting operations at the incident scene.

19VAC15-30-1610

19VAC15-30-1610. Structures. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list the basic information to be recorded concerning the structure(s) involved in the fire.

19VAC15-30-1620

19VAC15-30-1620. Securing of incident scene. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe how to properly secure the incident scene.

19VAC15-30-1630

19VAC15-30-1630. Areas for description. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe which areas of the building are to be examined and what information is to be recorded.

19VAC15-30-1640

19VAC15-30-1640. Individuals to be interviewed. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list the individuals who should be interviewed at the incident scene.

19VAC15-30-1650

19VAC15-30-1650. Information to be collected. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the information that is to be collected in regard to fires which are being investigated.

19VAC15-30-1660

Article 30
Fingerprint Matters

19VAC15-30-1660. Taking of fingerprints. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will take an acceptable classifiable set of fingerprints including completion of the fingerprint card.

19VAC15-30-1670

19VAC15-30-1670. Latent prints. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will dust and lift two latent prints with proper identifying data.

19VAC15-30-1680

Part IV
Explosive Devices and Fires

Article 1
General Knowledge of Explosive Devices

19VAC15-30-1680. General knowledge of explosive devices. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will demonstrate the proper procedure for handling telephone and written bomb threats, building search procedures, and precautions which must be taken to protect law-enforcement and fire service personnel.

19VAC15-30-1690

19VAC15-30-1690. Notification. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have a clear understanding of who should be notified and what aids are available to him from other state and federal sources. He will also have a clear understanding of the procedure to be followed in the post blast scene search and a working knowledge of evidence recognition.

19VAC15-30-1700

Article 2
Nonresidential Rural Fires

19VAC15-30-1700. Accidental fire. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain why there may be an increased possibility of an accidental fire in a nonresidential rural structure.

19VAC15-30-1710

19VAC15-30-1710. Age of structure. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain how the age of the involved structure may increase the damage suffered during an accidental fire.

19VAC15-30-1720

19VAC15-30-1720. Accidental fires. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe various accidental fires which may occur in barns and sheds.

19VAC15-30-1730

19VAC15-30-1730. Grain elevators and silos. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe various accidental fires which may occur in grain elevators and silos.

19VAC15-30-1740

Article 3
Wildland Fires

19VAC15-30-1740. Causes of wildland fires. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to name various accidental wildland fire causes.

19VAC15-30-1750

19VAC15-30-1750. Fire travel. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to name various indicators of fire travel often found in wildland fires.

19VAC15-30-1760

19VAC15-30-1760. Effects of terrain and wind. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain the effects of wind and terrain as they relate to the wildland fire.

19VAC15-30-1770

19VAC15-30-1770. Examination methods. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to describe the proper method(s) to be used in examining the area of fire origin.

19VAC15-30-1780

19VAC15-30-1780. Indicators. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list various indicators (evidence) often found in the wildland fire which might help determine the fire's cause.

19VAC15-30-1790

Article 4
Vehicle Fires

19VAC15-30-1790. Vehicle fires. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain why most total loss vehicle fires are thought to be incendiary in origin.

19VAC15-30-1800

19VAC15-30-1800. Individual examinations. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain why two individual examinations of a burned vehicle may be necessary.

19VAC15-30-1810

19VAC15-30-1810. Items to be examined at incident scene. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list items to be examined at the incident scene.

19VAC15-30-1820

19VAC15-30-1820. Items in examination of burned vehicle. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to name various items to be checked during the examination of the burned vehicle.

19VAC15-30-1830

19VAC15-30-1830. Possible accomplices. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain how possible accomplices can be identified.

19VAC15-30-1840

19VAC15-30-1840. Owners; occupants. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain why early questioning of owners/occupants may destroy or seriously harm the investigation of vehicle arson.

19VAC15-30-1850

Article 5
Fatal Fires

19VAC15-30-1850. Scene security. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain the importance of scene security in relation to the fatal fire.

19VAC15-30-1860

19VAC15-30-1860. Criteria as to movement of bodies of victims. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain the criteria relating to the movement of the bodies of fire victims.

19VAC15-30-1870

19VAC15-30-1870. Location, position, and appearance of victims. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain the importance of the fire victim's location, position, and appearance.

19VAC15-30-1880

19VAC15-30-1880. Violations of codes. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to explain the importance of determining if the involved structure contained violations of building, fire, electrical, or other codes.

19VAC15-30-1890

19VAC15-30-1890. Factors relating to actions of victims or others. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list various factors relating to the actions of the victim or other involved individuals prior to, during, and after the fire.

19VAC15-30-1900

19VAC15-30-1900. Identification of time and cause. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator should be able to list and explain various indicators normally used to assist in the identification of the time and cause of death.

19VAC15-30-1910

Part V
Community Relations

Article 1
The Arson Investigator and the Community

19VAC15-30-1910. Community relations. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have a clear understanding of his role in community relations and how his attitude may help him as an investigator and improve community relations for his department.

19VAC15-30-1920

19VAC15-30-1920. Arson and crime prevention. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will demonstrate several methods of promoting arson and crime prevention in his community. He will have a clear understanding of the importance of ethics, trust, and honesty in his investigation and testimony.

19VAC15-30-1930

19VAC15-30-1930. Good communications. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have a clear understanding of the importance of good communications with the community and persons at the crime scene. He will have a clear understanding of the roles played by other local, state and federal agencies in arson investigation.

19VAC15-30-1940

Article 2
Criminal and Fire Related Laws of Virginia

19VAC15-30-1940. Fire related laws. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have a clear understanding of the fire related laws in Virginia and given a situation will demonstrate his knowledge by selecting the section of the Code which would apply to his offense.

19VAC15-30-1950

Article 3
Field and Classroom Exercises

19VAC15-30-1950. Fire scene. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have an opportunity to examine a fire scene, make an investigation as a part of a team and use the skills covered in the class to gather evidence, prepare the case and participate in a moot court. He will demonstrate his ability to follow the proper procedure and show as much imagination as possible in using the information he has received during the course.

19VAC15-30-1960

Part VI
Course Review and Examination

Article 1
Review

19VAC15-30-1960. Review. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have an opportunity to ask questions, review all quizzes and tests, and other material presented during the course.

19VAC15-30-1970

Article 2
Final Examination and Closing Exercises

19VAC15-30-1970. Review. (Repealed.)

The fire investigator will have an opportunity to review all test and other material covered. The mid-course examination will include written questions and workshop problems.

19VAC15-40

CHAPTER 40
REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE CERTIFICATION OF INSTRUCTORS PROVIDING TRAINING AT LOCAL FIRE TRAINING FACILITIES (REPEALED)

19VAC15-40-10

Part I
General

19VAC15-40-10. Definitions. (Repealed.)

The following words and terms, when used in this regulation, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Fire chief" means any individual appointed the head of a fire department established according to § 27-6.1 of the Code of Virginia, or the principal officer of a fire company organized according to § 27-9 of the Code of Virginia.

"Fire company" means a volunteer firefighting organization organized pursuant to § 27-8 of the Code of Virginia.

"Fire department" means that department of government established by the local governing body of any city, county or town pursuant § 27- 6.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Live fire training" means any training in which there is used any open flame or device, located inside of a building, outside of a building or elsewhere, that can propagate fire to a building or other combustible materials.

19VAC15-40-20

Part II
Instructor Requirements

19VAC15-40-20. Fire related training. (Repealed.)

Fire related training at a local fire training center where fire programs funds are used to construct, improve or expand the center shall be supervised by the chief of a fire department or fire company or a person who, at a minimum, holds a certificate as a Fire Instructor II issued by the Department of Fire Programs.

19VAC15-40-30

19VAC15-40-30. Faculty member. (Repealed.)

An individual who holds an appointment as a faculty member at an institution of higher learning accredited by the State Council of Higher Education or the Virginia Community College System shall be accepted by the Department of Fire Programs as qualified to provide training to fire personnel in Virginia provided the subject the individual teaches is within the curriculum for which he holds his faculty appointment.

19VAC15-40-40

19VAC15-40-40. Approval. (Repealed.)

An individual who holds an appointment as a faculty member at an institution of higher learning in other states must be approved by the Department of Fire Programs prior to providing training to fire service personnel in Virginia.

19VAC15-40-50

19VAC15-40-50. Adjunct faculty. (Repealed.)

Adjunct faculty of the National Fire Academy are approved as instructors at local fire training centers provided the course they are presenting are National Fire Academy courses. If any such individual plans to present an independently developed course prior approval must be obtained from the Department of Fire Programs before it can be presented in the Commonwealth.

19VAC15-40-60

19VAC15-40-60. Exceptions. (Repealed.)

An individual or organization having special knowledge, skills and abilities but not meeting the criteria of 19VAC15-40-20 through 19VAC15-40-50 shall obtain approval from the Department of Fire Programs before conducting such training or instruction.

19VAC15-40-70

19VAC15-40-70. Approved individuals. (Repealed.)

The Department of Fire Programs will work with local fire chiefs to develop and maintain a list of approved individuals and organizations who may present training programs at local fire training centers without additional approval being required.

19VAC15-40-80

19VAC15-40-80. Training course. (Repealed.)

Once an individual or organization is approved by the Department of Fire Programs to offer a course of training that approval shall remain in full force and effect for that course of training until the approval is rescinded by the department.

19VAC15-40-90

19VAC15-40-90. Good cause prohibition of local training; appeal. (Repealed.)

The Department of Fire Programs may upon a finding of good cause prohibit any individual or organizations from providing instruction at a local fire service training facility where the locality has used funds from its share of Fire Programs Funds to construct, improve or expand the facility. Good cause may include but is not limited to such things as incompetency or failing to adhere to fire training safety standards. Any such action by the Department of Fire Programs shall be subject to an appeal by the affected individual or organization to the Fire Services Board.

19VAC15-40-100

19VAC15-40-100. Fire training center. (Repealed.)

An individual meeting the criteria of 19VAC15-40-20 shall be present at the fire training center at all times when any training is conducted which is dangerous or which could result in injury to students or instructors.

19VAC15-40-110

19VAC15-40-110. Live fire training; supervision. (Repealed.)

Live fire training conducted at a local fire training center shall be conducted under the direct supervision and control of an individual meeting the criteria of 19VAC15-40-20.