REGULATIONS TO SAFEGUARD VIRGINIANS' HUMAN RIGHTS FROM UNLAWFUL DISCRIMINATION
REGULATIONS REGARDING THE VIRGINIA HUMAN RIGHTS ACT
22VAC25-10-10. 1VAC45-20-10. Policy.
The purpose of this chapter is to supplement the Virginia
Human Rights Act (§
2.1-714 2.2-3900 et seq.) of the Code of
Virginia, which safeguards all individuals within the Commonwealth from
unlawful discrimination. 22VAC25-10-20. 1VAC45-20-20. Definitions.
The following words and terms
, when used in this
chapter , shall have the following meaning, meanings unless
the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Act" means the Virginia Human Rights Act, Chapter
39 (§ 2.1- 714 2.2-3900 et seq.) of Title 2.1 2.2
of the Code of Virginia.
"Complaint" means a written statement by a person or
council division alleging an act of discrimination
prohibited by § 2.1-716 2.2-3901 of the Code of Virginia.
"Complainant" or "charging party" means a person who claims to have been injured by a discriminatory practice.
"Designee" means an individual
by the director to act in his stead stay pursuant to this chapter.
"Director" means an individual
appointed by the
Governor designated by the Attorney General to oversee the
division and perform the duties and responsibilities outlined in the Act.
"Discharge" means an actual or constructive termination or separation of an employee from employment.
"Division" means the Division of Human Rights of the Department of Law.
"Hearing officer" means a person qualified from the list of hearing officers maintained by the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court of Virginia.
"Respondent" means a person against whom a complaint
of violation of the Act is filed.
Each reference to a
"complainant" and "respondent" shall be deemed to refer, as
appropriate, to the singular and plural. In addition those terms and any
other referring to people will be considered masculine or feminine. 22VAC25-10-30. 1VAC45-20-30. Complaints by or on
behalf of persons claiming to be aggrieved.
A. A complaint on behalf of a person claiming to be aggrieved
may be made by any person, agency, or organization; however, the complaint
shall be made in writing. The written complaint need not identify by name the
person on whose behalf it is made. The person making the complaint, however,
shall provide the council division orally with the name,
address, and telephone number of the person on whose behalf the
complaint is made. During the council's division's investigation,
the director shall verify the complaint with the person on whose behalf the
complaint is made. The council division may reveal the identity
of complainants to federal, state, or local agencies that have agreed to
keep such information confidential.
B. The complainant
has the responsibility of providing shall
provide the council division with notice of any change
in address and with notice of any prolonged absence from his current address.
C. A complaint shall be filed with the
not later than 180 days from the day upon which the alleged discriminatory
practice occurred. 22VAC25-10-40. 1VAC45-20-40. Where to make a
A complaint may be
made filed in person at 1100
E. Bank Street, Washington Building, 12th Floor, Richmond, Virginia 23219 or
by mail to 202 North 9th Street, Richmond, VA 23219 between the
hours of 9:30 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday; or by
mail at P.O. Box 717, Richmond, Virginia 23206; or by FAX to (804)
225-3294; or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Telephone calls
may be made at 1-800-633-5510 or to (804) 224-2292 225-2292
in order to receive information on how and where to file complaints. No
complaint will be taken over the phone. Complaints shall not be accepted
over the telephone. 22VAC25-10-50. 1VAC45-20-50. Contents of
A. Each complaint
should shall contain the
1. The full name, address, and telephone number of the person making the complaint;
2. The full name and address of the person against whom the complaint is made;
3. A clear concise statement of the facts, including pertinent dates, constituting the alleged unlawful discriminatory practices;
4. The date of filing and the name of the agency in cases where
alleged complaints alleging unlawful discriminatory practices
have been filed before a local, state, or federal agency charged with
the enforcement of discrimination laws; and
5. Any documentation the complainant
will support the claim.
B. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of this
section, a complaint shall be considered filed when the
receives a written statement which that identifies the
parties and describes generally the action or practices complained of.
C. A complaint may be reasonably and fairly amended by the complainant or the director at any time prior to a hearing. Except for the purposes of notifying the respondent as specified in subsection D of this section, amended complaints will be considered as having been made as of the original filing date.
D. When an amendment is filed, the
Office of Human Rights
division shall forward a copy of the amendment to the respondent
within five working days of the amendment. The respondent shall , within
10 working days after receiving the amendment , file an answer to the
amendment. 22VAC25-10-60. 1VAC45-20-60. Filing referrals to
state and federal agencies.
which that are under the
jurisdiction of another state agency are considered filed with that agency when
received by the council if the filing falls within the time limits for
filing as required by that agency pursuant to § 2.1-722 of the Code of Virginia
division provided the time limit for filing with the other agency has not
council division has established
interagency agreements with the following state agencies:
1. Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation-Real Estate Board;
2. Department of Labor and Industry;
3. Department of
Personnel and Training Human
Department for Rights of Virginians with Disabilities
Virginia Office of Protection and Advocacy; and
5. Department of
Employee Relations Counselors Human
Resources Management, Office of Employee Dispute Resolutions. If it is deemed appropriate, agreements will be established
with other state agencies and these regulations will be amended to include the
If the director or his designee determines that the complaint
is not within the
council's division's jurisdiction, but possibly
in the jurisdiction of one of the interagency agreement agencies, the complaint
shall be sent to the appropriate agency within 15 working days of the
determination. The complainant shall be notified of this action and a reason
provided. Once the complaint has been forwarded and the complainant notified,
the council division shall close the case. In the event
the complaint is not under the jurisdiction of the agency to which it was
referred or if additional evidence is submitted the case will be reopened.
C. Persons filing under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, or the Fair Labor Standards Act shall be notified within 15 days that they should also file with the appropriate federal agency within the appropriate time period if the statute of limitations has not already expired.
charges complaints shall be dated and time
time-stamped upon receipt. E. Complaints shall be filed with the council not later
than 180 days from the day upon which the alleged discriminatory practice
occurred. 22VAC25-10-70. 1VAC45-20-70. Notice of complaint.
working days after the filing perfecting
of a complaint, the director shall notify the respondent of the complaint by
mail. 22VAC25-10-80. 1VAC45-20-80. Investigations by the
director or his designee.
A. During the investigation of a complaint, the director may
utilize the information gathered by government agencies. The director shall
accept a statement of position or evidence submitted by the complainant, the
person making the complaint on behalf of complainant, or the respondent. The
director may submit a request for information to the respondent
in addition to specific questions, may request a response to the allegations
contained in the complaint. The director's or his designee's request for
information shall be mailed within 20 30 working days of receipt
of the complaint. A response to the request for information should shall
be submitted within 20 21 working days from the date the request
The director may require the complainant to provide such
additional information as he deems necessary to conduct an investigation. The
complainant and respondent shall provide such additional information deemed
necessary by the director or his designee to conduct an investigation.
C. The director may require a fact-finding conference held in accordance with § 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia with the parties prior to a determination of a complaint of discrimination. The conference is an investigative forum intended to define the issues, to determine the elements in dispute, and to ascertain whether there is a basis for a negotiated settlement of the complaint.
D. The director's or his designee's authority to investigate a complaint is not limited to the procedures outlined in subsections A, B, and C of this section.
22VAC25-10-90. 1VAC45-20-90. Dismissal; procedure
A. When the director determines that the complaint (i)
is not timely filed
, or (ii) fails to state a claim under the
Act, the director shall dismiss the complaint.
B. When the director determines after investigation that there
is not reasonable cause to believe that the Act has been violated, the director
shall dismiss the complaint. If the complainant disagrees with the director's
council division can be petitioned within 10
working days for a review of the decision.
Upon petition for review, the council shall establish a
panel of three members to hear such petitions. If it is determined within 30
working days after the petition for review of a dismissal of a complaint that
there is not reasonable cause to believe the respondent has engaged in a
discriminatory practice, the council shall issue an order dismissing the
complaint and furnish a copy of the order to all parties. Upon receiving
a petition for review, the division shall determine whether to:
1. Issue a final determination to the parties in accordance with § 2.2-4023 of the Code of Virginia;
2. Refer the matter to the appropriate federal agency when applicable; or
3. Hold a formal hearing in accordance with 1VAC45-20-110.
22VAC25-10-100. 1VAC45-20-100. Settlement.
A. When the director determines that there is reasonable cause to believe that an unlawful discriminatory practice has occurred or is occurring, the director shall endeavor to eliminate such practice by informal methods of conference, conciliation, and negotiation.
B. When conciliation or negotiated settlement is successful,
the terms of the agreement shall be reduced to writing and signed by the complainant,
respondent, and the director within 10 working days of the
settlement. 22VAC25-10-110. Public 1VAC45-20-110. Formal
A. When conciliation efforts fail
, or when the director
determines that the conciliation process will not be in the best interest of
the complainant or the Commonwealth, the director shall set the matter for public
formal hearing conducted in accordance with § 2.2-4020 of the Code of
Virginia or refer the complaint to the appropriate federal agency.
B. Notice of the time and place of the hearing shall be mailed to the parties at least 20 working days before the date of the hearing.
C. All hearings shall be open to the public.
D. A case
will shall be heard by a hearing
officer appointed by the council division from a list obtained
from the Supreme Court of Virginia.
E. The hearing officer shall not be bound by statutory rules of evidence or technical rules of procedure.
F. Both the complainant and the respondent shall appear and be
heard in person, but may be assisted by counsel
, or by an authorized
G. All testimony shall be given under oath or affirmation.
H. The order of presentation shall be established by the
hearing officer with the burden of
going forward proof being
placed on the complainant.
Any Where any party who fails to
appear at a fact-finding conference or hearing or to respond to a
request for information by a specified date, in the absence of good cause
shown, shall be deemed to have waived all further rights to appear, present
evidence, or petition for rehearing or reconsideration conducted
pursuant to this chapter, the division shall proceed in accordance with the
provisions of § 2.2-4020.2 of the Code of Virginia.
J. Irrelevant, immaterial, and unduly repetitious evidence shall, at the discretion of the hearing officer, be excluded. The rules of privilege shall be given effect.
K. The hearing officer may accept relevant documents or other
evidence into the record as exhibits. Documents to be submitted at the hearing
by a party
must shall be distributed to the council division
and the other party no later than five working days prior to the hearing.
Documents not submitted in accordance with this rule will shall
only be admitted when the presiding body or hearing officer determines
that just cause exists for failure to follow this rule.
L. Before the hearing
is closed concludes, the
parties shall be given an opportunity to present an oral closing
argument of their case cases and proposed findings and conclusions in
accordance with the provisions of § 2.2-4020 of the Code of Virginia.
M. The hearing shall be recorded by an official reporter and
will shall be purchased by the council division.
The council's After the division has received the transcript, the
division's copy will shall be made available for
review within a reasonable time after five working days upon
request at to the Office of Human Rights division
during regular business hours. 22VAC25-10-120. 1VAC45-20-120. Findings and
A. The hearing officer
of the council shall state
submit a recommended decision with findings of fact and conclusions of
law in writing to the division. The findings recommended
decision of the hearing officer shall be filed with the council division
within 30 working 90 days of the date of completion of the
B. If the
council votes to director accepts the
hearing officer's findings that the respondent has not engaged in a discriminatory
practice, it the division shall issue an order dismissing the
complaint. A copy of the order shall be furnished to the complainant and the
C. If the
council votes to division accepts
the hearing officer's findings that the respondent has committed an unlawful
discriminatory practice, it the division shall state its findings
and may issue recommendations to the respondent to eliminate the
discriminatory practice, including , but not limited to:
1. Hiring, reinstating, promoting, or upgrading the position of the complainant, with or without back pay, and providing such fringe benefits as the complainant has been denied;
2. Restoring or admitting the complainant to membership in a labor organization, a training program, a guidance program, or other occupational training program, using the objective criteria for admission of persons to such programs;
3. Leasing, renting, or selling property at issue to the complainant;
4. Extending to the complainant the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, or accommodations of the respondent;
5. Admitting the complainant to a public accommodation or an educational institution;
6. Reporting as to the manner of compliance;
7. Posting notices in a conspicuous place setting forth
requirements for compliance with this chapter or other information that the
division deems necessary to explain the Act;
8. Revising personnel policies and procedures, including the undertaking of affirmative efforts; and
9. Reimbursing attorney's fees to complainant.
D. If the council votes not to accept the hearing
officer's findings, it will return the findings to the hearing officer for
further consideration, or appoint a new hearing officer and set a new hearing
on the complaint If the division rejects the hearing officer's
recommended decision, the division shall state its own finding of facts and/or
conclusions of law based on the record.
E. Copies of
council's the division's final
decision, including where applicable, any recommendations, shall be
furnished to the complainant and respondent within 15 working days. 22VAC25-10-130. 1VAC45-20-130. General.
A. If the
council division fails to act
by dates specified herein in this chapter, neither the rights of
the complainant nor the respondent will shall be prejudiced.
B. If the complainant or the respondent fails to comply with
the provisions stated
herein in this chapter, except where good
cause is shown, the failure may be deemed a waiver of any rights provided herein
in this chapter.
C. After the initial filing, all correspondence relative to
should shall be by certified mail, hand delivered,
or by a carrier who that will furnish a receipt.